Norrbotten Regiment

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Norrbotten Regiment
Norrbottens regemente
Norrbottens regemente vapen.svg
Active1841–1994, 2000–present
Country Sweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Army
TypeArmoured, arctic light infantry
RoleRecruit training
SizeRegiment
Part ofSwedish Armed Forces Headquarters[note 1]
Garrison/HQBoden
Motto(s)De hava aldrig wikit eller för egen del tappat ("Never have they yielded, nor given ground")[note 2]
ColorsBlue and white
March"Norrbottens fältjägare" (Sundgrén) (1890s–1916)
"Finska rytteriets marsch" (Unknown)[note 3]
Anniversaries8 September
Battle honoursLandskrona (1677), Düna (1701), Kliszow (1702), Fraustadt (1706), Malatitze (1708), Strömstad (1717)
Insignia
Unit insignia m/1960AM.090978aa.jpg
Shoulder sleeve insigniaMILI.011282.jpg

The Norrbotten Regiment (Swedish: Norrbottens regemente), designation I 19, is a Swedish Army arctic armoured, light infantry and commando regiment that traces its origins back to the 19th century. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from the province of Norrbotten, and it is currently garrisoned in Boden, Norrbotten. The regiment has the responsibility for training two armoured and one special recon battalion, as well as number of Arctic light infantry battalions from the home guard as well as running the army's winter unit.

As of 2018, the Norrbotten Regiment employs 489 professional officers, 402 full-time soldiers, 512 part-time soldiers, 116 civilians and 683 reserve officers.[3]

History[edit]

The regiment was created in 1841 when Västerbotten Field Jäger Regiment was split into two corps units of battalion size, one of them being Norrbotten Field Jäger Corps. The unit was upgraded to regimental size and renamed to Norrbottens regemente in 1892. The regiment had its training grounds at various places in Norrbotten, but was eventually garrisoned in Boden in 1907. A skiing battalion was created in 1910, and in 1943 this ski battalion was split off from the regiment to later becoming The Army Ranger School and in 1975 as Lapland Ranger Regiment.

The regiment merged with Norrbotten Armoured Battalion (P 5) in 1975 to form Norrbotten Regiment with Norrbotten Armoured Battalion, and the unit gained the designation I 19/P 5. For a short time in the 1990s, the unit was then merged with the wartime-organised Norrbotten Brigade, designation MekB 19. In 2000, the unit was reorganised once again, and was redesignated back to its old designation I 19 despite being an armoured regiment, the name was also changed back to Norrbotten Regiment.

Organisation[edit]

Heraldry and traditions[edit]

Colours, standards and guidons[edit]

The Norrbotten Regiment presents one regimental colour, three battalion colours an two battalion standards:

Colour of Norrbotten Regiment[edit]

On 31 August 1974, the regiment was presented with a new colour by His Majesty the King Gustaf VI Adolf in connection with the 350th anniversary of the regiment. When the Norrbotten Armoured Battalion (P 5) was amalgamated with the regiment, its standard was carried to the side of the regimental colour. The standard is carried again by the Norrbotten Armoured Battalion since 1 July 2000.[4] A new colour was presented to the regiment in Boden by His Majesty the King Carl XVI Gustaf on 27 August 2001. The colour is drawn by Kristina Holmgård-Åkerberg and embroidered by machine and hand in insertion technique by Maj-Britt Salander/company Blå Kusten.[5] Blazon: "On blue cloth powdered with yellow estoiles, the provincial badge of Västerbotten; a white reindeer at speed, armed and langued red. On a white border at the upper side of the colour, battle honours (Landskrona 1677, Düna 1701, Kliszow 1702, Fraustadt 1706, Malatitze 1708, Strömstad 1717) in blue and close to the staff the provincial badge of Lappland; a red savage with green garlands on head and around loins, clutching a yellow club on right shoulder (a legacy from the former Lappland Brigade, NB 20).[5]

Colour of Norrland Artillery Battalion[edit]

The colour is drawn by Kristina Holmgård-Åkerberg and embroidered by machine in insertion technique by Sofie Thorburn. The colour was presented to the battalion in Kristinehamn by His Majesty the King Carl XVI Gustaf on 15 April 2002. The colour may be used according to the decisions of CO I 19. Blazon: "On blue cloth in the centre Swedish minor national coat-of-arms, three yellow crowns placed two and one. In the first corner the town badge of Boden; a white wall with a gatetower embattled (the original name of the battalion was Boden Artillery Regiment, A 8), in the second corner two crossed yellow gunbarrels of older pattern, in the third corner the provincial badge of Västerbotten, a white reindeer at speed, armed red (a legacy from the former Norrbotten Artillery Corps, A 5) and in the fourth corner the provincial badge of Jämtland, a white elk passant, attacked on its back by a rising falcon and in the front by a rampant dog, both yellow; all animals armed red (a legacy from the former Norrland Artillery Regiment, A 4)."[6]

Colour of Norrland Engineer Battalion[edit]

The colour is drawn by Kristina Holmgård-Åkerberg and embroidered by machine and hand (the badge) in insertion technique by the company Libraria. The colour was presented to the then Norrland Engineer Battalion in Boden by His Majesty the King Carl XVI Gustaf on 27 August 2001. The colour may be used according to the decisions of CO I 19. Blazon: "On blue cloth in the centre Swedish minor national coat-of arms, three yellow crowns placed two and one. In the first corner a mullet with a cluster of rays, all in yellow. In the lower part of this the coat of arms of the unit; argent, throughout a wall with a gatetower both embattled gules (the original name of the battalion was Royal Boden Engineers Regiment, Ing 3); on a chief azure three open crowns in fess or (a legacy from the former Svea Engineer Regiment, Ing 1). The shield ensigned with a royal crown proper.[7]

Colour of Norrland Signal Battalion[edit]

The colour is drawn by Brita Grep and embroidered by hand in insertion technique by the company Libraria. The colour was presented to the then Royal Norrland Signal Battalion (S 3) in Boden by His Majesty King Gustaf VI Adolf on 7 July 1961. It was used as regimental colour by S 3 until 1 July 2000. The colour may be used according to the decisions of CO I 19. Blazon: "On blue cloth in the centre the Swedish minor national coat-of-arms, three yellow crowns placed two and one. In the first corner a mullet with a cluster of rays, all yellow. In the lower part of this placed upon a cluster of yellow bolts, the provincial coat of arms of Västerbotten; azure powdered with estoiles or, a reindeer at speed argent armed and langued gules. The shield ensigned with a royal crown proper."[8]

Standard of Norrland Air Defence Battalion[edit]

The standard is drawn by Brita Grep and embroidered by hand in insertion technique by the Kedja studio, Heraldica. The standard was presented to the then Royal Luleå Air Defence Corps (Kungl Luleå luftvärnskår, Lv 7) in Luleå by the military commander of the VI Military Area, major general Nils Rosenblad in 1943. It was used as regimental standard by Lv 7 until 1 July 2000. The standard may be used according to the decisions of CO I 19. Blazon: "On blue cloth in the centre Swedish minor national coat-ofarms, three open yellow crowns placed two and one. In the first corner the town badge of Luleå ; two white keys, the left inverted (the original name of the battalion was Luleå Air Defence Regiment). In the other corners two winged yellow gunbarrels of older pattern in saltire. Yellow fringe."[7]

Standard of Norrbotten Armoured Battalion[edit]

The standard is drawn by Brita Grep and embroidered by hand in insertion technique by Libraria. The standard was presented to the former Royal Norrbotten Armoured Battalion (P 5) in Boden by His Majesty the King Gustaf VI Adolf on 28 July 1961. It was used as battalion standard until 1975 and then as a traditional standard at I 19 up to 1 July 2000. The standard may be used according to the decisions of CO I 19. Blazon: "On blue cloth powdered with yellow estoiles the provincial badge of Västerbotten; a white reindeer at speed, armed and langued red. Blue fringe."[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of the arms of the Norrbotten Regiment (I 19) 1977–1994. Blazon: "Azure, powdered with estoiles or, the provincial badge of Västerbotten, a reindeer courant argent, armed and langued gules. The shield surmounted two muskets in saltire or."[9] The coat of arms of the Norrbotten Armoured Battalion (P 5) 1957–1975 and the Norrbotten Regiment and Norrbotten Brigade (NMekB 19) 1994–2000. Blazon: "Azure, powdered with estoiles or, the provincial badge of Västerbotten, a reindeer courant argent, armed and langued gules. The shield surmounted two arms in fess, embowed and vambraced, the hands holding swords in saltire, or".[9] The coat of the arms of the Norrbotten Regiment (I 19) since 2000. Blazon: "Azure, powdered with estoiles or, the provincial badge of Västerbotten, a reindeer courant argent, armed gules".[9]

Medals[edit]

In 1967, the Norrbottens regementes (I 19) förtjänstmedalj ("Norrbotten Regiment (I 19) Medal of Merit") in gold/silver/bronze (NorrbregGM/SM/BM) of the 8th size was established. The medal ribbon is of blue moiré with a yellow stripe on the middle followed on each side by a black line and a white stripe.[10]

Other[edit]

When the Lapland Brigade (Lapplandsbrigaden, NB 20) was disbanded on 31 December 1997, Norrbotten Regiment took over its traditions and colour, which should not be mixed with the colour and traditions of Västerbotten Regiment, which were transferred on 1 July 2000 to the Västerbotten Group (Västerbottensgruppen).[4][11] In addition to the traditional heritage of the Lapland Brigade, the regiment also has primarily traditional heritage from Norrbotten Regiment with Norrbotten Armoured Battalion (I 19/P 5), Norrbotten Regiment and Norrbotten Brigade (MekB 19), Norrbotten Armoured Battalion (P 5) and Norrland Dragoon Regiment (K 4).[12]

Commanding officers[edit]

Regimental commanders active from 1900.[13] For regimental commanders active from 1994 to 2000, see Norrbotten Regiment and Norrbotten Brigade

  • 1899–1904: Axel Otto Fredrik von Arbin
  • 1904–1907: Lars Tingsten
  • 1907–1908: Constantin Fallenius
  • 1908–1911: Carl Greger Leijonhufvud
  • 1911–1916: Conrad August Falkenberg
  • 1916–1921: Gabriel Hedenberg
  • 1921–1924: Erik Nordenskjöld
  • 1924–1927: Erik Grafström
  • 1928–1934: Ivar Holmquist
  • 1934–1937: Gustaf Adolf Miles Mauritz Hahr
  • 1937–1942: Sven Ramström
  • 1942–1946: Nils Axel Hjalmar Björk
  • 1946–1947: Nils Swedlund
  • 1947–1951: Lars Petrus Lande
  • 1951–1958: Arne G:son Hallström
  • 1958–1961: Karl Gustaf Brandberg
  • 1961–1963: Olof Rudqvist
  • 1963–1965: Seth Kristian Andrae
  • 1965–1966: Karl Eric Holm
  • 1966–1971: Bror Bertil Matteus Jansson
  • 1971–1973: Ingemar Grunditz
  • 1973–1984: Jan Wickbom
  • 1984–1986: Sven-Åke Jansson
  • 1986–1988: Bo Pellnäs
  • 1988–1993: Göran Honkamaa
  • 1994–2000: See Norrbotten Regiment and Norrbotten Brigade
  • 2000–2003: Per Lodin
  • 2003–2004: Ola Hansson
  • 2004–2006: Frank Westman
  • 2006–2010: Jan Mörtberg
  • 2010–2014: Olof Granander
  • 2014–present: Mikael Frisell

Names, designations and locations[edit]

Name Translation From To
Kungl. Norrbottens fältjägarkår Royal Norrbotten Ranger Corps 1841-??-?? 1892-12-11
Kungl. Norrbottens regemente Royal Norrbotten Regiment 1892-12-12 1974-12-31
Norrbottens regemente Norrbotten Regiment 1975-01-01 1975-06-30
Norrbottens regemente med Norrbottens pansarbataljon Norrbotten Regiment with Norrbotten Armoured Battalion 1975-07-01 1994-06-30
Norrbottens regemente Norrbotten Regiment[14] 2000-07-01
Designation From To
№ 19 1841-??-?? 1914-09-30
I 19 1914-10-01 1975-06-30
I 19/P 5 1975-07-01 1994-06-30
I 19 2000-07-01
Location From To
Pitholms hed 1841-??-?? 1907-09-30
Näsby hed 1841-??-?? 1907-09-30
Notvikens lägerplats 1883-05-02 1907-09-30
Boden Garrison 1907-10-01

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 6th Military District (1833–1847)
    5th Military District (1847-1888)
    6th Military District (1889–1893)
    6th Army Division (1893–1901)
    VI Army Division (1902–1927)
    Upper Northern Military Area (1928–1936)
    Upper Norrland Troops (1937–1942)
    VI Military Area (1942–1966)
    Upper Norrland Military Area (1966–1993)
    Northern Military Area (1993–1994)
    Joint Forces Command (2000–2005)
    Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters (2005–present)
  2. ^ This opinion of the then Västerbotten Regiment was mentioned by King Gustaf III before the 1788 campaign. Norrbotten Regiment originated in Västerbotten Regiment, and the motto accompanied both regiments in the 1841 split. The motto is today also used by the 13th Home Guard Battalion.[1]
  3. ^ The march was adopted in 1916 and established in 1953 by Army Order 33/1953. The march was used by the Norrbotten Brigade from 1994 to 2000.[2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Handbok: parad 6: traditionsvård 2017, p. 47
  2. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 10
  3. ^ "Om Norrbottens Regemente" [About Norrbotten Regiment] (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  4. ^ a b Braunstein 2003, pp. 85-88
  5. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, pp. 45, 47
  6. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 47
  7. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 48
  8. ^ Braunstein 2004, p. 49
  9. ^ a b c Braunstein 2006, pp. 25-26
  10. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 90
  11. ^ "I 19s officersmäss". Norrländska Socialdemokraten (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 25 February 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  12. ^ Försvarets traditioner 2015, p. 20
  13. ^ Kjellander 2003, pp. 290-291
  14. ^ Grafisk profil 2013, p. 64

Print[edit]

Web[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hultstrand, Birger, ed. (1972). Kungl. Norrbottens regementes historia 1841-1966 (in Swedish). Boden: Kungl. Norrbottens regementes kamratfören. LIBRIS 784836.
  • Janse, Stefan, ed. (2007). Minnesskrift: Norrbottens regemente 100 år i Boden : 1907-2007 (in Swedish). Boden: Norrbottens regemente, I 19 i samarbete med Norrbottens regementes kamratförening och Föreningen P5. ISBN 978-91-633-0008-0. LIBRIS 10696040.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 65°49′11″N 21°39′31″E / 65.8198°N 21.6587°E / 65.8198; 21.6587