Northern Ireland Assembly election, 1982

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Northern Ireland Assembly election, 1982

1975 ←
20 October 1982 → 1996
outgoing members ← → MLAs elected

All 78 seats to the Northern Ireland Assembly
40 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  The Lord Molyneaux of Killead KBE, PC.gif Ian Paisley - (cropped).png John Hume 2008.jpg
Leader James Molyneaux Ian Paisley John Hume
Party UUP DUP SDLP
Leader since 7 September 1979 30 September 1971 28 November 1979
Leader's seat South Antrim North Antrim Londonderry
Last election 19 seats (25.4%) 12 seats (14.8%) 17 seats (23.7%)
Seats won 26 21 14
Seat change Increase 7 Increase 9 Decrease 3
Popular vote 188,277 145,528 118,891
Percentage 29.7% 23.0% 18.8%
Swing Increase 3.9% Increase 8.2% Decrease 4.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Oliver Napier.jpg Ruairí Ó Brádaigh 2004.jpg
Leader Oliver Napier Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
Party Alliance Sinn Féin
Leader since 1972 October 1970
Leader's seat Belfast East None
Last election 8 seats (9.8%) N/A
Seats won 10 5
Seat change Increase 2 Increase 5
Popular vote 58,851 64,191
Percentage 9.3% 10.1%
Swing Decrease 0.5% Increase 10.1%

Northern Ireland Assembly election 1982.png

Percentage of seats gained by each of the party.

Chief Executive before election

None

Elected Chief Executive

None

Politicsofnorthernirelandlogo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Northern Ireland
Interim bodies
Elections
Members
See also

The Northern Ireland Assembly elections were held on 20 October 1982 in an attempt to re-establish devolution and power-sharing in Northern Ireland. Although the Northern Ireland Assembly officially lasted until 1986 (and was seen as being a continuation of the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention of 1975) it met infrequently and achieved very little.

Electoral controversy[edit]

The electoral system proved to be hugely controversial. While there was general acceptance that the elections should take part using the Single Transferable Vote system, the decision to use the same 12 constituency boundaries used in the 1973 Assembly election rather than the new 17 constituency boundaries which were later adopted in the 1983 general election was heavily criticised. The problem was that the Boundary Commissions Final Recommendations, which recommended that all future Assembly elections should be held using 17 constituencies each electing five members, had not yet been approved by Parliament and therefore remained, technically, provisional recommendations. The consequence of this was that the elections were held using constituencies which varied greatly in size and electorate, ranging from Belfast West with an electorate of 57,726 to South Antrim with an electorate of 131,734. In the latter constituency this resulted in huge administrative problems with a record 27 candidates standing necessitating 23 counts over 36 hours with the count not completed until two days after the election. A further result of the disparity in electorates was that the number of members returned for each constituency varied widely, from four members in Belfast West to ten members in South Antrim.

Response of political parties[edit]

On the Unionist side, the Assembly was welcomed, with some hailing it nostalgically as 'a new Stormont'. Consequently many Nationalists were suspicious of the new body. The Irish Independence Party, which had moderate electoral success in the elections of the previous year, immediately announced that they would boycott the elections and called on other nationalists to follow suit. However Sinn Féin was keen to test its electoral support and both it and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) announced that they would contest the elections but refuse to take any seats which they won. The smaller People's Democracy, which had won two council seats in an electoral alliance with the Irish Republican Socialist Party the previous year, did likewise. Great interest centred on the performance of Sinn Féin, fighting its first full election since 1957 and on the inter-Unionist rivalry between the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) and the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). The former had pulled ahead in the European election of 1979 and the Local Council Elections of 1981 but had suffered a setback in the 1982 by-election which followed the murder of Robert Bradford.

Results[edit]

The results were seen as a triumph for the new electoral strategy of Sinn Féin which gained 5 seats and narrowly missed winning seats in Belfast North and Fermanagh and South Tyrone. The SDLP were disappointed with their 14 seats and one of these was subsequently lost in a by-election to the UUP as Seamus Mallon was disqualified following a successful UUP election petition on the grounds that he was ineligible as he was a member of Seanad Éireann at the time. On the Unionist side the UUP gained a clear lead over the DUP, while the United Ulster Unionist Party failed to make an impact and, as a result, folded two years later. In the centre Alliance Party consolidated with 10 seats including unexpected wins in North and West Belfast. The Workers' Party failed to make a breakthrough despite respectable vote shares in places like North and West Belfast.

Northern Ireland assembly elections, 1982
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  UUP 26 7 0 + 7 33.8 29.7 188,277 +3.9
  DUP 21 9 0 + 9 27.3 23.0 145,528 +8.2
  SDLP 14 0 3 -3 18.2 18.8 118,891 -4.9
  Sinn Féin 5 5 0 + 5 6.5 10.1 64,191 N/A
  Alliance 10 2 0 +2 1.3 9.3 58,851 -0.5
  Workers' Party 0 0 0 0 2.7 17,216 +0.5
  Ulster Popular Unionist 1 1 0 + 1 1.3 2.3 14,916 N/A
  UUUP 0 0 14 -14 1.8 11,550 -10.9
  Independent Unionist 1 0 0 0 1.5 9,567 N/A
  Independent SDLP 0 0 0 0 0.2 1,180 N/A
  Independent 0 0 0 0 0.1 745 N/A
  Ecology 0 0 0 0 0.1 707 N/A
  Newtownabbey Labour Party 0 0 0 0 0.1 560 -1.3
  People's Democracy 0 0 0 0 0.1 442 N/A
  Communist Party 0 0 0 0 0.1 415 N/A
  Liberal 0 0 0 0 0.0 65 N/A
  Peace 0 0 0 0 0.0 19 N/A

Note: Changes in vote share are relative to the Constitutional convention election in 1975. Changes shown above for United Ulster Unionist party relate to seats won by Vanguard in 1975. Bill Craig, who stood under the label 'Vanguard' in 1982, is included with Independent Unionists.

Votes summary[edit]

Popular vote
Ulster Unionist
  
29.74%
DUP
  
22.99%
SDLP
  
18.78%
Sinn Féin
  
10.14%
Alliance
  
9.3%
Workers'
  
2.72%
Ulster Popular Unionist
  
2.36%
United Ulster Unionist
  
1.82%
Independent
  
0.3%
Other
  
1.86%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Ulster Unionist
  
33.33%
DUP
  
26.92%
SDLP
  
17.95%
Sinn Féin
  
6.41%
Alliance
  
12.82%
Ulster Popular Unionist
  
1.28%
Other
  
1.28%

See also[edit]

References[edit]