Northern Pacific Railway locomotives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Steam Locomotive Classes[edit]

Below is a table of information for the Northern Pacific Railway’s steam roster with a symbol, Whyte notation, common name and notes. (The notes were compiled by Richard Boyland and Wes Barris and first posted May 30, 1991, to the electronic newsgroup rec.railroad.) Included is a breakdown of the Northern Pacific classes, along with the date of their first construction (when known), builder, and road numbers.

0-4-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
0-4-0 — OO
Minnetonka 0-4-0 Smith and Porter 1870 4 1

NP's first locomotives; Minnetonka preserved

H 0-4-0 1050–1064 Baldwin 4968…7053 1880–1883 15 0
H-1 0-4-0 1070 Baldwin 2537 1871 1 0 1926 Rebuilt as 0-4-0T shop switcher 11
H-2 0-4-0 1003 Rhode Island 1883 1 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 37
H-3 0-4-0 1004 Rhode Island 1883 1 0
H-4 0-4-0 1071 Grant 1 0
H-5 0-4-0 1072 Rhode Island 1 0
0-4-0T Shop 12 Baldwin 10231 1889 1 0 1936 Ex HHS&S
0-4-0F Shop 8 H. K. Porter 7979 1945 1 1 Fireless locomotive for tie creosoting plant

0-6-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
0-6-0 — OOO
I 0-6-0 982–999 Baldwin 6685…8628 1883–1887 18 0
I-1 0-6-0 981 NP 1891 1 0
I-2 0-6-0 1000–1002 Dickson 611–613 1887 3 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 60–62
K-1 0-6-0 948–976 Baldwin 5565…6519 1881–1882 29 0 Rebuilt from 2-6-0
K-2 0-6-0 980 Baldwin 6506 1882 1 0 Rebuilt from 2-6-0
L 0-6-0 977–979 Baldwin 6936…6946 1883 3 0
L-1 0-6-0 940–941 Grant 1784–1785 1889 2 0
L-2 0-6-0 930–939 Rome 253…650 1887–1890 10 0
L-3 0-6-0 929 Rome 506 1889 1 0
L-4 0-6-0 926–928 Baldwin 14795–14797 1896 3 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 70–72; 927 rebuilt as 0–6–0T shop switcher 10
L-5 0-6-0 923–925 Rogers 5424–5426 1899 3 1 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 73–75; 924 Under restoration Snoqualmie, Wa
L-6 0-6-0 900–919 Schenectady 59536–5955 1901 20 0 1928–1947 914 rebuilt as 0–6–0T shop switcher 9 in 1931
L-7 0-6-0 1020–1035 Baldwin
Alco (Schen.)
20107…20775
27361–27366
1902–1903 15 1 1929–1956 1031 preserved
L-8 0-6-0 922 Baldwin 11372 1890 1 0 1938
L-9 0-6-0 1040–1134 Alco (M / D / P)
Baldwin
39528…46914
29858…34609
1906–1910 95 2 1930s–1950s 1068 and 1070 preserved
L-10 0-6-0 1160–1169 Alco (Schen.) 52025–52034 1912 10 0 1950s

0-8-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
0-8-0 — OOOO
G 0-8-0 1151–1159 NP 1906 (rebuilt) 9 0 1929–1937 Rebuilt from class F 2-8-0 locomotives
G-1 0-8-0 1170–1173 Alco (Brooks) 61229–61232 1919 4 0 1950s USRA 0-8-0
G-2 0-8-0 1174–1193 Alco (Brooks) 62473–62492 1920 20 0 1950s USRA 0-8-0 copies

2-6-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
2-6-0 — oOOO — Mogul
D 2-6-0 580–591 Baldwin 6851…6909 1883 12 0
D-1 2-6-0 942–947 Baldwin 5636…5701 1881 6 0

Rebuilt as 0–6–0

D-2 2-6-0 550–572 Baldwin 9544…9688 1888–1889 23 0
D-3 2-6-0 420–424, 450–547 Baldwin 10178…11984 1899–1891 103 0
D-5 2-6-0 404–418, 426–432 Baldwin 10298…11968 1899–1891 22 0
D-6 2-6-0 400–403 Rogers 4842…5433 1893–1899 4 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 63–66
K 2-6-0 595–599 Baldwin 6590…6629 1883 5 0

2-6-2[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
2-6-2 — oOOOo — Prairie
T 2-6-2 2300–2449 Alco (Brooks) 39508…42264 1906–1907 150 0 1924–1959 6 rebuilt as class W-4 (2-8-2); 18 rebuilt as class T-1
T-1 2-6-2 2450–2467 NP 1926–1929 (rebuilt) 18 0 1941–1959 Rebuilt from class T

2-8-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
2-8-0 — oOOOO — Consolidation
F 2-8-0 95–103 Baldwin 6591…7002 1883 9 0

Rebuilt to class G (0–8–0) in 1906

F-1 2-8-0 50–81 Baldwin 9505…11959 1888–1891 32 0 1926–1951
F-2 2-8-0 82–83 Baldwin 1888 2 0 1927–1928
F-3 2-8-0 84–91 Rome 455…651 1889–1890 8 0 1920s/30s
F-4 2-8-0 92–94 Grant 1714–1716 1887 3 0
F-5 2-8-0 45–46 Schenectady 1900 2 0 1926 Ex Seattle and International Railway 11–12; Rebuilt as 0–8–0
F-6 2-8-0 47 Richmond 1895 1 0 1927 Ex Seattle and International Railway 8; Rebuilt as 0–8–0
F-7 2-8-0 48–49 Rhode Island 1882–1883 1888 2 0 Ex Seattle and International Railway 7 & 9
F-8 2-8-0 4–6 PRR Altoona 1891 3 0
Y 2-8-0 30–43 Schenectady 4900…4913 1898 14 0 1941–1955
Y-1 2-8-0 17–29 Schenectady 5468–5480 1899–1900 13 1 1925–1958 25 preserved
Y-2 2-8-0 1250–1279 Schenectady
Alco (Richmond)
5881–5892
25815–25832
1901–1902 30 0 1925–1958
Y-3 2-8-0 1200–1213 Schenectady 5893–5906 1901 14 0 1945–1955
Y-4 2-8-0 1280–1293 Alco (Schen.) 27347–27360 1903 14 0 1925–1935
Y-5 2-8-0 1214–1223 Alco (Schen.) 27337–27346 1903 10 0 1927–1937

2-8-2[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
2-8-2 — oOOOOo — Mikado
W 2-8-2 1500–1659 Alco (Brooks) 30203…42234 1904–1907 160 0 1930–1959
W-1 2-8-2 1660–1699 Alco (Schen.) 46840–46879 1910 40 0 1925–1958
W-2 2-8-2 1900–1919 Alco (Brooks) 30222…31134 1904–1905 20 0 1930–1958 Built as tandem compound locomotives
W-3 2-8-2 1700–1834 Alco (Brooks) 52849…62466 1913–1920 135 1 1926–1960 1762 sold to Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway as their 539; preserved.
W-4 2-8-2 2500–2505 NP (Brainerd Shops) 1919 (rebuilt) 6 0 1955–1958 Rebuilt from class T 2-6-2 locomotives
W-5 2-8-2 1835–1859 Alco (Schen.) 64348–64372 1923 25 0 1952–1960

2-10-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
2-10-0 — oOOOOO — Decapod
M 2-10-0 1–2 Baldwin 8168–8169 1886 2 0 1930–1933

On the NP the Decapods were used at either end of a very short train over the temporary switchback line across Stampede Pass while Stampede Tunnel was being constructed between 1887 and 1888. They featured blind drivers (no flanges on the wheels) for operation on sharp curves. They were later relegated to use as yard switchers.

4-4-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
4-4-0 — ooOO — American
25½C 4-4-0 25 Baldwin 2660 1872 1 Sold in 1877 to the Canadian Pacific Railway and became CPR no. 1 Countess of Dufferin, and is preserved as such.
B 4-4-0 650–671 Baldwin 8560…8688 1887 22 0
B-1 4-4-0 672–673 Baldwin 10247…10252 1889 2 0
B-2 4-4-0 649 Schenectady 1887 1 0
B-3 4-4-0 691–692 Grant 1783, 1780 1888 2 0
C-1 4-4-0 680–691 New York 35–46 1883 12 1 684 preserved
C-2 4-4-0 694–695 Baldwin 6581…6583 1883 2 0
C-3 4-4-0 696–740 Baldwin 6535…10692 1883–1890 45 0
C-4 4-4-0 741–742 Baldwin 5997…5999 1882 2 0
C-5 4-4-0 743–747 New York 6–10 1883 15 0
C-6 4-4-0 748–803 Portland 463–518 1888 56 0
C-7 4-4-0 817–818 Pittsburgh 862 1888 1 0
C-8 4-4-0 805–806 Taunton 829–830 1882 2 0
C-9 4-4-0 807–816 Hinkley 1548…1560 1882 10 0
C-10 4-4-0 817–818 Baldwin 5714…5902 1881 2 0
C-11 4-4-0 819–865 Baldwin 4584…6523 1879–1883 47 0
C-12 4-4-0 866–869 Manchester 868–871 1880–1881 4 0
C-13 4-4-0 870–898 Portland 376…461 1881–1883 29 0
C-14 4-4-0 899 Baldwin 5715 1881 1 0
C-19 4-4-0 675–678 Rome 249–252 1887 4 0
C-20 4-4-0 633–637 Dickson 605–609 1887 5 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 54–58
C-21 4-4-0 638–640 Rome 350–352 1888 3 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 67–69
C-22 4-4-0 1110–1118 Brooks 1105…1198 1886 8 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 41–48
C-23 4-4-0 1123–1128 Rogers 2945–2948 1883 4 0 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 18–21
C-24 4-4-0 1129–1130 McQueen 1881 2 0
C-25 4-4-0 1131–1134 Baldwin 1879 4 0
C-26 4-4-0 1136–1136 Baldwin 1870 2 0
C-27 4-4-0 1137 Baldwin 1870 1 0
C-28 4-4-0 1138–1139 Baldwin 1871 2 0
C-29 4-4-0 1140–1144 Baldwin 1874 5 0
C-30 4-4-0 1145–1148 Rhode Island 1779…1937 1887–1888 4 0 Ex Seattle and International Railway 1–4
C-31 4-4-0 1149–1150 Rhode Island 2085–2086 1888 1 0 Ex Seattle and International Railway 101–102
C-32 4-4-0 1151 Baldwin 1 0
C-33 4-4-0 1153 1 0

4-4-2[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
4-4-2 — ooOOo — Atlantic
N 4-4-2 600–602 Baldwin 17290–17292 1899 3 0 1927–1932 Ex St. Paul and Duluth Railroad 80–82
N-1 4-4-2 603–605 Baldwin 33291–33293 1909 3 0 1936

4-6-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
4-6-0 — ooOOO — Ten-Wheeler
E 4-6-0 390–398 Baldwin 6392…7021 1882 9 0 1910s
E-1 4-6-0 360–364 Manchester 1407–1411 1888 5 0
E-2 4-6-0 370–383 Baldwin 9691…9704 1888 14 0 1926–1932
E-3 4-6-0 330–358 Baldwin 10182…11301 1889–1890 29 0 1925–1935
E-4 4-6-0 388–389 Rhode Island 2432–2433 1890 2 0
E-5 4-6-0 386–387 Schenectady 4072–4073 1893 2 0 1927
E-6 4-6-0 365 Rhode Island 2337 1890 1 0
E-7 4-6-0 366–368 Cooke 2223–2225 1892 3 0
E-8 4-6-0 369 Baldwin 11280 1890 1 0 1919
P 4-6-0 250–258, 270–278 Schenectady 4542…4726 1897–1898 18 0 1926–1941
P-1 4-6-0 207–218, 226–236 Schenectady
Alco (Schen.)
5122…5931,
25660…25841
1899–1902 23 0 1927–1940
P-2 4-6-0 240–249 Schenectady
Alco (Schen.)
5716…5929,
25657…25842
1901–1902 10 0 1935–1941
P-3 4-6-0 1400–1419 Schenectady
Alco (Rich.)
5916–5925,
25662–25671
1901–1902 20 0 1920s
R 4-6-0 170–189 Schenectady 4535…4593 1897 20 0 1920s
S 4-6-0 153–168 Schenectady 4727…4899 1898 16 0 1920s
S-1 4-6-0 134–147 Schenectady 5134…5147 1899 14 0 1926–1929
S-2 4-6-0 104–133 Schenectady 5473…5612 1900 30 0 1925–1928
S-3 4-6-0 1300–1323 Schenectady
Alco (Schen.)
5907–5915,
25650…25840
1901–1902 24 0 1926–1934
S-4 4-6-0 1350–1399 Baldwin 20273…20662 1907 40 4 1945–1958 1354, 1356, 1364 and 1382 preserved
S-10 4-6-0 320–329 Alco (Rogers) 37575–37584 1907 10 1 1930–1950 328 preserved
S-11 4-6-0 150–152 Grant 1766–1768 1888 3 0

4-6-2[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
4-6-2 — ooOOOo — Pacific
Q 4-6-2 2080–2099 Alco 27317–27336 1903 20 0 1929–1947
Q-1 4-6-2 2100–2147 Alco 30228…42501 1904–1907 48 0 1930–1952
Q-2 4-6-2 2175–2176 Alco 39999–40000 1906 2 0 1934 Built as Cole balanced compounds
Q-3 4-6-2 2148–2170 Baldwin 33248…33627 1909 23 4 1945–1959 2152, 2153, 2156 and 2164 preserved
Q-4 4-6-2 2177–2207 Baldwin 33796…34144 1909–1910 31 0 1931–1959
Q-4 4-6-2 2208–2225 Alco 48186–48203 1910 18 0 1931–1959
Q-5 4-6-2 2226–2235 Alco 62422–62441 1920 20 0 1947–1959
Q-6 4-6-2 2246–2265 Alco 64328–64347 1923 20 0 1953–1959

4-8-0[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
Numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
4-8-0 — ooOOOO
X 4-8-0 13–16 Schenectady 4523–4526 1897 4 0 1936–1940

4-8-4[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
4-8-4 — ooOOOOoo — Northern
A 4-8-4 2600–2611 Alco 67010–67021 1926 12 0 1949–1959 Serial nos. not in order
A-1 4-8-4 2626 Alco 68056 1930 1 0 1955 ex-Timken 1111
A-2 4-8-4 2650–2659 Baldwin 61771–61780 1934–1935 10 0 1953–1958
A-3 4-8-4 2660–2667 Baldwin 62163–62170 1938 8 0 1954–1958
A-4 4-8-4 2670–2677 Baldwin 64155–64162 1941 8 0 1954–1958
A-5 4-8-4 2680–2689 Baldwin 64667–64676 1943 10 0 1957–1959

Mallet and Simple Articulated Locomotives[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Fleet
number(s)
Manufacturer Serial
numbers
Year made Quantity
made
Quantity
preserved
Year(s) retired Comments
Mallet and Simple Articulated Locomotives
Z 2-6-6-2 3000–3015 Baldwin 30566…31557 1907 16 0 1927–1939
Z-1 2-6-6-2 3100–3105 Baldwin 34389…34483 1910 6 0
Z-2 2-8-8-2 4000–4004 Baldwin 34382–34386 1910 5 0 1945
Z-3 2-8-8-2 4005–4025 Alco 52839…62472 1913, 1917, 1920 21 0 1945–1958
Z-4 2-8-8-2 4500–4503 Alco 64373–64376 1923 4 0 1951–1954
Z-5 2-8-8-4 5000 Alco 67578 1928 1 0 1952
Z-5 2-8-8-4 5001–5011 Baldwin 61292…61495 1930 11 0 1953–1957
Z-6 4-6-6-4 5100–5120 Alco 68760–68780 1936–1937 21 0 1955–1959
Z-7 4-6-6-4 5121–5126 Alco 69540–69545 1941 6 0 1956–1959
Z-8 4-6-6-4 5130–5149 Alco 70143…71962 1943–44 20 0 1955–1959

Both of the Northern Pacific's 2-6-6-2 classes were copies of GN designs, including their Belpaire fireboxes, a rarity on NP steam locomotives. NP 3015, last of the Class Z's, had a troubled existence, suffering a crown sheet failure at Kennedy, Washington, on Stampede Pass circa 1916, then later derailing on the Wallace Branch in Idaho in 1933. In both instances the engine crew members were killed or injured.

The Z-2 2-8-8-2s wound up in helper service on Bozeman Pass. The Z-3s, purchased in successive batches, became the main line road and helper power on the route across Stampede Pass until the arrival of EMD's FTs in April, 1944. They were also used as helpers on the steep ascent of the NP's Prairie Line out of Tacoma, Washington, as well as in hauling wartime munitions trains over Stimson Hill between Elma, Washington and the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard at Bremerton, Washington, circa 1944–1945.

The Z-5 Yellowstones were two locomotives under one boiler, these were the largest locomotives in the world when delivered in 1928. They eliminated the use of two locomotives on the head-end of freight trains on the Yellowstone Division in eastern Montana and western North Dakota. The 2-8-8-4 was first built for the Northern Pacific Railway in 1928.

The 4-6-6-4 locomotives were so large that in many places in Montana the Northern Pacific had to widen the centers of its double track on the Rocky Mountain Division. As a rule they did not work west of Easton, Washington, due to the confines of Stampede Tunnel under the summit of Stampede Pass. Despite the inaccuracy, these classes were generally referred to by NP engine crews as Mallets.

Diesel Locomotives[edit]

American Locomotive Company[edit]

Northern Pacific Railway’s Alcos were mostly confined to the east end of the road, on the Lake Superior and St. Paul Divisions.

Model hp Quantity Built Road numbers Notes
HH-660 660
3
1940 600–602 Delivered as 125–127; first two sold to NP subsidiary Walla Walla Valley Railway
S-1 660
1
1945 603 Delivered as 131
S-2 1000
13
1941–1949 700–712 Delivered as 107–108, 113–118, 150–152
S-4 1000
12
1951–1953 713–724
S-6 900
1
1955 750
RS-1 1000
4
1945 800–803 Delivered as 155–158
RS-3 1600
14
1953–1955 850–863
RS-11 1800
18
1958–1960 900–917

Baldwin Locomotive Works[edit]

Model hp Quantity Built Road numbers Notes
VO-660 660
3
1940–1942 650–652 Delivered as 128–130
VO-1000 1000
28
1941–1945 400–427 Delivered as 109–112, 119–124, 153–154, 159–174
DRS 4-4-1500 1500
2
1948 500–501 Delivered as 175–176. Rebuilt 1959 and 1966 with EMD 567 engine
DRS 6-6-1500 1500
1
1948 525 Delivered as 177. Rebuilt 1959 with EMD 567 engine

Electro-Motive Division[edit]

Model hp Quantity Built Road numbers Notes
NW 1000
1
1938 100 Rebuilt 1956 by EMD as SW900m
NW2 1000
7
1940–1948 99, 101–106 99 was New York, Ontario and Western 115, bought 1957
SW7 1200
8
1949 107–114
SW9 1200
4
1952–1953 115–118
SW1200 1200
59
1955–1957 119–177
GP7 1500
20
1950–1953 550–569
GP9 1750
176
1954–1958 200–375
GP18 1800
9
1960 376–384
FT 1350
22 A,
22 B
1944 5400ABCD–5410ABCD Delivered as 6000ABCD–6010ABCD
F3 1500
25 A
24 B
1947–1948 6000A-6004C, 6005B-6006C, 6500A-6509C, 6005A-6006D, 6051A-6052A, 6503C-6506C 6000s are freight, 6500s are passenger
F7 1500
45 A
34 B
1947–1952 6007A-6012D, 6007B-6012B, 6013D-6018D, 6013C-6018C, 6019D-6020D, 6019C-6020C, 6050B, 6500C, 6501C-6502C, 6507C-6508C, 6509C-6512C, 6510B-6512B, 6513C, 6513B, 6550B, 6551B-6553B,
FP7 1500
2
1952 6600–6601 Used on St. Paul to Winnipeg passenger train
F9 1750
39 A
32 B
1949–1956 6700C, 6700B, 6700C, 6701C, 6701B, 6702A-6704A, 6702B-6703B, 6702C, 6703A-6705A, 6703C, 6704B-6709B, 6704C, 6705C, 6706A, 6706C, 6707A, 6707C, 6710B, 7000D-7001D, 7000C-7001C, 7002D-7006D, 7002C-7006C, 7007D, 7007C, 7008D-7009D, 7008C-7009C, 7010D-7014D, 7010C-7014C, 7050A, 7051A-7051A 6700s are passenger, 7000s are freight
SD45 3600
30
1966–1968 3600–3629 20 more on order at merger into Burlington Northern

General Electric[edit]

Model hp Quantity Built Road numbers Notes
44-Ton 380
1
1946 98 South Tacoma shops switcher
44-Ton 400
1
1943 99 Ordered by NP subsidiary Duluth Union Depot and Transfer; temporarily delivered to NP while DUDT resolved labor issues, then transferred to them as No. 5
U-25C 2500
30
1964–1965 2500–2529
U-28C 2800
12
1966 2800–2811
U-33C 3300
10
1969 3300–3309

References[edit]