USRA 0-8-0

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USRA 0-8-0
USRA 0-8-0.jpg
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderALCO, Baldwin, Lima
Total produced175 (plus 1200 copies)
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte0-8-0
 • UICD h2
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.51 in (1,295 mm)
Wheelbase
  • Locomotive: 15 ft 0 in (4.57 m)
  • Loco & tender: 52 ft 10 12 in (16.12 m)
Length66 ft 1 12 in (20.15 m)
Width10 ft 0 in (3.05 m)
Height15 ft 0 in (4.57 m)
Axle load55,000 lb (25,000 kg)
Loco weight220,000 lb (100,000 kg)
Tender weight144,000 lb (65,000 kg)
Total weight364,000 lb (165,000 kg)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity32,000 lb (15,000 kg)
Water cap8,000 US gal (30,000 l; 6,700 imp gal)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
46.6 sq ft (4.33 m2)
Boiler pressure175 lbf/in2 (1.21 MPa)
Heating surface2,781 sq ft (258.4 m2)
 • Tubes1,796 sq ft (166.9 m2)
 • Flues773 sq ft (71.8 m2)
 • Firebox190 sq ft (18 m2)
Superheater:
 • Heating area637 sq ft (59.2 m2)
CylindersTwo, outside
Cylinder size25 in × 28 in (635 mm × 711 mm)
Valve type14-inch (360 mm) piston valves
Performance figures
Tractive effort51,042 lbf (227.05 kN)

The USRA 0-8-0 was a USRA standard class of steam locomotive designed under the control of the United States Railroad Administration, the nationalized railroad system in the United States during World War I. This was the standard heavy switcher of the USRA types, and was of 0-8-0 wheel arrangement in the Whyte notation, or "D" in UIC classification.

A total of 175 locomotives were built under USRA control; these were sent to the following railroads:

Table of original USRA allocation[1]
Railroad Quantity Class Road numbers Notes
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
10
F-1
540–549
[2]
Elgin, Joliet and Eastern Railway
8
Erie Railroad
16
C-1
120–135
[3]
Kansas City Terminal Railway
5
Louisville and Nashville Railroad
6
C-2
2118–2123
[4]
Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad
10
Refused, to New York Central System
Northern Pacific Railway
4
G-1
1170–1173
[5]
New York Central Railroad
25
(+9 from MKT)
U-3a
415–439
Renumbered 7815–7839[6]
NYC subsidiary Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway
9
(+1 from MKT)
U-3a
7440–7449
Renumbered 7740–7749[6]
NYC subsidiary Indiana Harbor Belt Railroad
20
U-3a
300–319
[6]
NYC subsidiary Kanawha and Michigan Railroad
3
U-3a
9548–9550
Renumbered 7758–7760[6]
NYC subsidiary Lake Erie and Western Railroad
3
U-3a
4250–4252
to New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad ("Nickel Plate Road") 205–207 in 1923[6][7]
NYC subsidiary Michigan Central Railroad
10
U-3a
8940–8949
Renumbered 7840–7849[6]
NYC subsidiary Toledo and Ohio Central Railroad
5
U-3a
9543–9547
Renumbered 7753–7757[6]
Pere Marquette Railway
10
1300–1309
to Chesapeake and Ohio Railway 40–49[8]
Rutland Railway
2
U-3
109–110
[9]
Southern Railway
14
As-11
19th century
[10]
Southern subsidiary Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway
5
As-11
6029–6033
[10]
Southern subsidiary New Orleans and North Eastern Railway
1
As-11
6849
[10]
West Point Route (Atlanta and West Point Rail Road)
1
G
215
[11]
West Point Route (Georgia Railroad)
2
G
801–802
[11]
West Point Route (Western Railway of Alabama)
1
G
115
[11]
Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad
5
C-1
5101–5105
to New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad ("Nickel Plate Road") 271–275 in 1949[7]
Total 175

After the dissolution of the USRA, an additional 1200 copies of the USRA 0-8-0 were built for many railroads, However, there is a known survivor of this Type, Republic Steel Corp. #285 is an ALCO (Richmond) Product built in 1925, is at the Kentucky Railway Museum, New Haven, KY. It is unknown if any more USRA 0-8-0's of this type exist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USRA Locomotives". Steamlocomotive.com. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
  2. ^ Drury pp.105–106
  3. ^ Drury pp.179–180
  4. ^ Drury pp.229–230
  5. ^ Drury p.317
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Drury pp. 275–276
  7. ^ a b Drury pp.286–287
  8. ^ Drury pp.86–87
  9. ^ Drury p.339
  10. ^ a b c Drury pp.372–373
  11. ^ a b c Drury p.31
  • Westcott, Linn H. (1960). Model Railroader Cyclopedia - Volume 1: Steam Locomotives. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 0-89024-001-9.
  • Drury, George H. (1983), Guide to North American Steam Locomotives, Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing Company, ISBN 0-89024-206-2, LCCN 93041472
  • Railroad Master Mechanics' Association (1922). Locomotive Cyclopedia of American Practise - 6th Edition, 1922. Simmons-Boardman.