New Democratic Party of Quebec
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The New Democratic Party of Quebec (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique du Québec, (NPDQ) is a federalist and social-democratic provincial political party in Quebec, Canada. The party is a revival the previous New Democratic Party of Quebec, which existed as the NDP's provincial wing in Quebec from 1963 to 1991. The party is not affiliated with the federal New Democratic Party. The modern party was registered on 30 January 2014.
For the history of the original NDPQ see Parti de la Democratie Socialiste
The original New Democratic Party of Quebec emerged from the Parti social démocratique du Québec, the Quebec section of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, and aside from temporarily holding a single seat in the National Assembly (David Côté) it only played a minor role in Quebec provincial politics. During the late 1980s it came under the leadership of radical sovereigntists, prompting a rupture from the federal NDP. It voted to disaffiliate from the federal party in 1989 and changed its name to the Parti de la democratie socialiste (PDS) in 1994.
The PDS would later become a founding member of Quebec Solidaire, a left-wing provincial party with a sovereigntist platform. For the following two decades the NDP remained moribund in Quebec. During the 2006 convention of the federal NDP, held in Quebec City, the idea of recreating the provincial NPDQ was brought up. However, the idea failed to win support at the New Democratic Party-Quebec Section's convention in November 2006 in Saint-Jérôme. However, gains by the federal party, at first modest with the 2007 by-election in which Tom Mulcair gained the House of Commons seat in Outremont and then dramatic "Orange Surge" of the 2011 Canadian federal election led to renewed calls for a provincial NDP in Quebec as an alternative to the federalist Quebec Liberal Party and the sovereigntist Parti Quebecois.
Following the 2011 federal election, during which the NDP achieved a historic breakthrough in Quebec, federal NDP leader and former Quebec cabinet minister Thomas Mulcair announced the party intended to run candidates in time for the next general election, then scheduled for 2016. Federal NDP riding associations in Quebec asked their executive members to step down from their positions if they intended to run as candidates in the September 4, 2012 Quebec provincial election.
On 30 January 2014 the Directeur général des élections du Québec registered the New Democratic Party of Quebec as a provincial political party. Former federal NDP leadership candidate and federal and Gatineau municipal election candidate Pierre Ducasse was listed as the party leader.
In 2017, the current iteration of the NDPQ stood a candidate for office for the first time by running former MP Denis Blanchette as its candidate in a by-election held on October 2nd in Louis-Hébert. This was the first time an NDPQ candidate stood for election in a provincial riding since the 1994 provincial election and the first time the NDPQ stood against a candidate from the left-wing Quebec Solidaire party. Blanchette placed seventh with 1.35% of the vote.
Interim leader Pierre Ducasse had announced he would not be a candidate in the party's 2018 leadership election. The campaign period began on 1 September 2017 and the nomination deadline for leadership candidates was 20 October 2017. On 21 January 2018, the party leadership contest elected Raphaël Fortin was chosen leader.
Leaders of the NPD-Québec
- New Democratic Party of Quebec leadership election, 2018
- Politics of Quebec
- List of Quebec general elections
- National Assembly of Quebec
- Timeline of Quebec history
- Political parties in Quebec
- Mylène Crête (2017-05-24). "Le NPD-Québec ne baisse pas les bras". Lactualite.com. Retrieved 2017-10-04.
- "Nouveau Parti démocratique du Québec". DGE. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- NDP coming to Quebec for next election The Globe and Mail, August 17, 2012
- Deschamps, Richard, There's now a Quebec version of the NDP, CJAD 800 AM, February 4, 2014
- RAPEQ - Nouveau Parti démocratique du Québec, Directeur général des élections du Québec (last visited 6 February 2014).
- "The NDP takes on Québec Solidaire in by-election". Medium.com. 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2017-10-04.
- Presse Canadienne (2017-07-07). "NDP-Quebec to elect new leader in January". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2017-10-04.