15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars
|15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars|
Badge of 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars
|Active||11 April 1922 - 1 December 1992|
|Part of||Royal Armoured Corps|
|Garrison/HQ||Fenham Barracks, Newcastle upon Tyne|
|Motto(s)||Merebimur (We shall be Worthy) (Latin)|
|Colours||Blue - Yellow - Red & Blue|
|Anniversaries||21 December Sahagún Day|
23 September Assaye Day
|Colonel-in-Chief||HRH Princess Margaret|
|NCOs - Royal Crest. All Ranks Assaye and Elephant on belt buckle.|
The 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars was a cavalry regiment of the British Army. The regiment was formed by the amalgamation of the 15th The King's Hussars and the 19th Royal Hussars in 1922 and, after service in the Second World War, it was amalgamated with the 13th/18th Royal Hussars to form the Light Dragoons in 1992.
Second World War
The regiment was created, as part of the reduction in cavalry in the aftermath of the First World War, by the amalgamation of the 15th The King's Hussars and the 19th Royal Hussars on 11 April 1922 to form the 15th/19th Hussars. It briefly dropped the 19th numeral from its title in October 1932, becoming the 15th The King's Royal Hussars, before regaining it in December 1933.
At the outbreak of the Second World War, the regiment was based at York, serving as the divisional reconnaissance regiment for the 3rd Infantry Division. The regiment was deployed with the division as part of the British Expeditionary Force, and fought in the Battle of France: it suffered heavy losses during the German advance and, having left all its armour and vehicles behind, took part in the Dunkirk evacuation.
Following the withdrawal, the regiment was assigned to the 3rd Motor Machine Gun Brigade, which was redesignated as the 28th Armoured Brigade and assigned to the 9th Armoured Division. A cadre was detached to form the 23rd Hussars in December 1940. The regiment remained in the United Kingdom until August 1944, when it was dispatched to France to serve as the divisional reconnaissance regiment for the 11th Armoured Division.
The Regiment was deployed to Palestine in December 1945 and then to Sudan in November 1947. It moved to Knightsbridge Barracks in Lübeck in October 1949 and to McLeod Barracks in Neumünster in November 1951. It became the recce regiment for 7th Armoured Division and relocated to Combermere Barracks in Wesendorf in March 1953. In June 1954, it deployed to Malaya, with regimental headquarters and one squadron based at Ipoh and the other squadrons at Taiping and Raub, during the Malayan Emergency. In June 1957, a troop was deployed to Muscat during the Jebel Akhdar War. The regiment then joined 39th Infantry Brigade, moving to Lisanelly Camp in Omagh in August 1957 and then became an armoured car training regiment based at Deerbolt Camp near Barnard Castle in May 1959.
The regiment re-roled as a nuclear escort regiment based at Swinton Barracks in Munster in September 1961 and then moved to Bhurtpore Barracks at Tidworth Camp in January 1968. It returned to West Germany, where it joined 11th Infantry Brigade and moved to Wessex Barracks in Bad Fallingbostel in November 1969. It became the garrisoned regiment at Long Kesh in August 1971, following the introduction of internment of Provisional Irish Republican Army suspects. It transferred to Lisanelly Camp in Omagh in November 1974. It then moved to a recce role, equipped with Scorpion and Fox, for 5th Infantry Brigade based at Aliwal Barracks in Tidworth Camp in May 1976 ; from there it deployed squadrons for the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus.
In September 1977, the regiment was deployed back to Germany, where it was assigned to the 3rd Armoured Division and based at Alanbrooke Barracks in Paderborn: from there it continued to send units to Northern Ireland as part of Operation Banner and undertook guarding duties at the Maze Prison. In November 1984, the main body of the Regiment returned to England as the Royal Armoured Corps Training Regiment at Bovington Camp in Dorset, although one squadron was deployed to Cyprus, equipped with Ferret Scout Cars, to serve as the resident armoured car squadron. As part of the post-Cold War defence reforms, the regiment was amalgamated with the 13th/18th Royal Hussars to form the Light Dragoons on 1 December 1992.
The regiment's battle honours were those of its predecessor regiments plus:
- The Second World War: Withdrawal to Escaut, Seine 1944, Hechtel, Nederrijn, Venraij, Rhineland, Hochwald, Rhine, Ibbenburen, Aller, North-West Europe 1940 '44-45
Colonels of the Regiment were:
- 1922–1931: Gen. Sir William Eliot Peyton, KCB, KCVO, DSO ( ex 15th Hussars)
- 1922–1925: F.M. Sir John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres, KP, GCB, OM, GCVO, KCMG (ex 19th Hussars)
- 1931–1944: Brig-Gen. Anthony Courage, DSO, MC
- 1944–1947: F.M. Sir Philip Walhouse Chetwode, Bt., 1st Baron Chetwode, GCB, OM, GCSI, KCMG, DSO
- 1947–1957: Brig. Sir Henry Robert Kincaid Floyd, Bt., CB, CBE
- 1957–1964: Maj-Gen. Sir William Robert Norris Hinde, KBE, CB, DSO
- 1964–1970: Col. Anthony Donnithorne Taylor, DSO, MC
- 1970–1978: Maj-Gen. Francis Brian Wyldbore-Smith, CB, DSO, OBE
- 1978–1983: Lt-Col. Peter Hodgson
- 1983–1988: Brig. John Rowe Dutton Sharpe, CBE
- 1988–1992: Lt-Col. Richard Annesley Coxwell-Rogers, DL
- 1992: Regiment amalgamated with 13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own), to form The Light Dragoons
The following are notable former members of the regiment:
- Major General Sir Michael Creagh (1892–1970), former General Officer Commanding 7th Armoured Division
- Brigadier Sir Henry Floyd (1899–1968), former Chief-of-Staff of the Eighth Army
- Major Ian Gow (1937–1990), former Treasury Minister assassinated by the IRA
- Brigader Viscount Head (1906–1983), former Secretary of State for War
- Colonel Sir Walter Luttrell (1919–2007), former Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
- Captain Gerald Maitland-Carew (born 1941), current Lord Lieutenant of Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale
- Lieutenant General Simon Mayall (born 1956), former Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff
- Captain Lord Peyton (1919–2006), former Minister of Transport
In popular culture
- "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Joslen, pp. 43–4
- "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars". National Army Museum. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars". British Army units1945 on. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- "Charge! The story of England's Northern Cavalry". Light Dragoons. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "Band of Brothers, Episode 4". Watch Series. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
- Joslen, Lieutenant-Colonel H.F. (1960). Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945. London: HM Stationery Office. ISBN 1-84342-474-6.