Oakland Memorial Chapel
Oakland Memorial Chapel
Oakland Memorial Chapel in 1972
|Location||Alcorn State University campus, Claiborne County, Mississippi|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||74001057|
|Added to NRHP||December 27, 1974|
|Designated NHL||May 11, 1976|
|Designated USMS||September 26, 1985|
Oakland Memorial Chapel is a historic church and academic building on the campus of Alcorn State University in rural southwestern Claiborne County, Mississippi. Built in 1838 as part of Oakland College, it is one of the oldest surviving buildings at Alcorn State, which took over that defunct school's campus after the American Civil War. Alcorn State was the first land grant university established specifically for the education of African Americans. The chapel was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976, and was designated a Mississippi Landmark in 1985.
Description and history
The Oakland Memorial Chapel occupies a prominent position on the campus of Alcorn State University, on the southwest side of ASU Drive, one of the rural campus' circulation roads. It is a three story brick building with a gabled roof. Its ground for functions as a raised basement, with a colonnade of brick piers supporting a six-column Greek temple portico. The columns are of the Tuscan order, and support an entablature and full gabled pediment. A two-stage square wood frame tower rises above the roof ridge, with an elaborate second stage featuring fluted Doric columns, and an entablature with trighlyphs, metopes, and mutules. It is crowned by a low balustrade.
Oakland College was founded in 1828 by Reverend Jeremiah Chamberlain as part of a Presbyterian mission to educate the white children of the region. In 1851 Chamberlain, an abolitionist, was assassinated by a supporter of slavery, and the school was closed during the American Civil War. It failed to recover after the war, and closed again soon after reopening. Its assets were sold to the state in 1871. That same year the state established Alcorn State, as the first land grant university specifically for the education of African Americans. It is also believed to be the first state-supported school in the nation to graduate a black woman.
At the time the state acquired the campus, three buildings were standing from the Oakland College period. Of these, the chapel is the best preserved and architecturally most sophisticated.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Mississippi
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Claiborne County, Mississippi
- "Mississippi Landmark—Oakland Chapel". Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2015-05-03.
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Oakland Memorial Chapel". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
- Lynne Gomez Graves (October 30, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Oakland Memorial Chapel, Alcorn University" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 2 photos, 1 exterior and 1 interior, from 1974. (521 KB)
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