Oceanospirillales are metabolically and morphologically diverse, with some able to grow in the presence of oxygen and others requiring an anaerobic environment. Most Oceanospirillales are prefer or require high salt concentrations to grow. While they grow in diverse niches, all Oceanospirillales derive their energy from the breakdown of various organic products. All Oceanospirillales are motile except for members of the genus Alcanivorax.
The order Oceanospirillales was first described in 2005 in the second edition of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, consisting of six families and with the type genus of Oceanospirillum. In 2007, a seventh family was added with the identification of Litoricola lipolytica and the creation of its family Litoricolaceae.
- Parker, Charles Thomas; Wigley, Sarah; Garrity, George M (1 January 2003). "Taxonomic Abstract for the families". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/tx.2487.
- Euzeby JP. "Classification of domains and phyla - Hierarchical classification of prokaryotes". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- Garrity GM, Bell JA, Liburn T (2015). "Oceanospirillales ord. nov.". In Whitman WB. Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria. p. 1. doi:10.1002/9781118960608.obm00100. ISBN 9781118960608.
- Euzeby JP. "Oceanospirillales". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- Euzeby JP. "Litoricola". List of Prokaryotic Names with Standining in Nomenclature. Retrieved 8 November 2017.