Ochten

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ochten
Village
Church of Ochten
Church of Ochten
Ochten is located in Gelderland
Ochten
Ochten
Location in the Netherlands
Ochten is located in Netherlands
Ochten
Ochten
Ochten (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 51°54′28″N 5°34′4″E / 51.90778°N 5.56778°E / 51.90778; 5.56778Coordinates: 51°54′28″N 5°34′4″E / 51.90778°N 5.56778°E / 51.90778; 5.56778
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGelderland
MunicipalityNeder-Betuwe
Area
 • Total11.52 km2 (4.45 sq mi)
Elevation7 m (23 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total5,050
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
4051[1]
Dialing code0344

Ochten is a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland. It is a part of the municipality of Neder-Betuwe, and lies about 10 km southwest of Wageningen.

Ochten was a separate municipality until 1818, when it was divided into two parts, Echteld and IJzendoorn.[3]

History[edit]

It was first mentioned in the late 9th century as "in uilla Ovtun". The etymology is unclear.[4] Ochten developed along the Waal River.[5] It was an heerlijkheid of the Prince-Bishop of Utrecht until 1402 when it changed hands to the Duchy of Gelre. In 1712, it became a possession of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. In 1840, it was home to 820 people.[6]

In September 1944, Ochten became a battleground between the Germans and the Allies. Not a single houses remained undamaged, and more than half of the 400 buildings were damaged beyond repair. The emergency houses would continue to be used until 1973.[7] In 1995, the dike was about the break during high water. The entire village was evacuated and the army was called in to strengthen the dike. The entire embankment was later renewed and strengthened.[6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 4051AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  3. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.
  4. ^ "Ochten - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  5. ^ Ronald Stenvert & Sabine Broekhoven (2000). "Ochten" (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. p. 137. ISBN 90 400 9406 3. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Ochten". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Korte geschiedenis van het dorp Ochten". Regionaal archief rivierenland (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 March 2022.