October 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Oct. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Oct. 21

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on November 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For October 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on October 7.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martys and Confessors[edit]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Artemios (Ἀρτέμιος);
    • Artemia, Artemis, Diana (Ἀρτεμία).
  3. ^ "At Antioch, St. Artemius, imperial officer. Although he had filled high stations in the army under Constantine the Great, Julian the Apostate, whom he had reprehended for his cruelty towards Christians, ordered him to be beaten with rods, subjected to other torments, and finally beheaded."[11] He is the Patron saint of police officers.[8]
  4. ^ He is absent in the Synaxaria. However he is a local Saint of Trabzon. He lived during the reign of Byzantine Emperors Leo VI the Wise (886-912) and Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (913-959).
  5. ^ "At Abia, near Aquila, in Abruzzo, the birthday of blessed Maximus, deacon and martyr, who, through the desire of suffering, presented himself to the persecutors that sought him. After answering with great constancy, he was racked and tortured, then beaten with rods, and finally he died by being precipitated from an elevated place."[11]
  6. ^ Born in Foligno in Italy, he was consecrated bishop and cared for his diocese for over fifty years, enlightening the whole of Umbria. He was arrested under Decius and died on his way to martyrdom in Rome.
  7. ^ "At Cologne, the martyrdom of the holy virgins Martha and Saula, with many others."[11]
  8. ^ Born in Agen in the south of France, he hid during the persecution of Diocletian, but hearing of the courage of St. Faith, confessed his faith openly and was at once beheaded.
  9. ^ "At Agen, in France, St. Caprasius, martyr. As he was hiding himself in a cavern to avoid the violence of the persecution, the report of the blessed virgin Faith's courage in suffering for Christ animated him to endure torments, and he prayed to God that, if he were deemed worthy of the glory of martyrdom, clear water might flow from the rock of his cavern. God having granted his prayer, he went with confidence to the scene of combat, and after a valiant struggle, merited the palm of martyrdom under Maximian."[11]
  10. ^ "In Portugal, St. Irene, virgin and martyr."[11]
  11. ^ ["Memorials of British Piety; or, An Anglican Martyrology," says: "In the Isle of Man on this day S. Bradan and S. Orora, formerly venerated in two churches, which still retain their names."]
    • "The Isle of Man was occupied by the Scots, and S. Germain (July 3) was the first bishop of that island. Two other bishops, Coninder and Romail, are named in the same century, the fifth, as exercising their functions in Man. Then came S. Maughold, Conan, Contentus, Blad, Malchus, Roolwer, William, and then S. Bradan, who has given his name to Kirk Bradan, near Douglas. Nothing is known about him."[16]
  12. ^ A disciple of St Bosa of York in England and St Wilfrid and a companion of the latter in his travels. He became Abbot of St Andrew's in Hexham and in 709 he succeeded Wilfrid as bishop there. He was described by Bede as 'great in the sight of God and man'.
  13. ^ Born in Troyes in France, he went on pilgrimage to Palestine, returned with many holy relics and built the monastery of the Holy Sepulchre at Samblières.
  14. ^ See: (Russian) Артемий Веркольский. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  15. ^ See: (Russian) Любомудров, Николай Иванович. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  16. ^ He was canonized in 2001. However he was excluded from the general church calendar in 2013, along with 36 other martyrs, without any explanation from the Russian Orthodox Church.
  17. ^ See: (Russian) Пепенин, Зосима Алексеевич. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  18. ^ See: (Russian) Иоанн Бакинский. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  19. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Gerasimos, Yerasimos (Γεράσιμος);
    • Gerasimina (Γερασιμίνα).
  20. ^ See: (Greek) Γρηγόριος Καλλίδης. Βικιπαίδεια. (Greek Wikipedia).
  21. ^ See: (Russian) Никодим (Кононов). Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ζεβίνας, Γερμανός, Νικηφόρος καὶ Ἀντώνιος (ἢ Ἀντωνίνος) οἱ Μάρτυρες. 20 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 20 Οκτωβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  3. ^ a b c d e (Greek) 20/10/2017. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n October 20 / November 2. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Μαναθῶ ἡ Παρθένος. 20 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἐβόρης καὶ Ἐνόης οἱ Μάρτυρες. 20 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j November 2 / October 20. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  8. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀρτέμιος ὁ Μεγαλομάρτυρας. 20 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Greatmartyr Artemius at Antioch. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  10. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. ARTEMIUS, M. (A.D. 363.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 496-498.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 323-324.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Βασίλειος Ἐπίσκοπος Τραπεζούντας. 20 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l October 20. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  14. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "SS. CAPRASIUS AND COMP. MM. (ABOUT A.D. 292.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 495.
  15. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. IRENE, V.M. (A.D. 653.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 499-500.
  16. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. BRADAN, B. OF MAN. (ABOUT 7TH CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 498-499.
  17. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 507-508.
  18. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. ACCA, B. OF HEXHAM. (A.D. 740.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Twelfth: October – Part II. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 501-502.
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ὁσία Ματρῶνα ἡ Θαυματουργός ἡ Χιοπολίτιδα. 20 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ Venerable Matrona of Chios. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  21. ^ a b c d e f (Russian) 20 октября по старому стилю / 2 ноября по новому стилю. Русская Православная Церковь - Православный церковный календарь на 2016 год.
  22. ^ Righteous Child Artemius of Verkola. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  23. ^ (Russian) ЗОСИМА. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  24. ^ (Russian) ИОАНН. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  25. ^ (Russian) ИОАНН. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электро нная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  26. ^ (Russian) ИОАНН. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  27. ^ АЛЕКСАНДР. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  28. ^ a b (Russian) 2 ноября (20 октября). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  29. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Γεράσιμος ὁ νέος ἀσκητής, ὁ Πελοποννήσιος (Μνήμη ἀνακομιδῆς ἱερῶν λειψάνων του). 20 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. ^ Venerable Gerasimus the New Ascetic of Cephalonia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  31. ^ (Greek) Ανακομιδή Ιερών Λειψάνων του Οσίου Γρηγορίου Καλλίδη. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  32. ^ Saint Gregory Kallides of Herakleia (+ 1925). Mystagogy. July 30, 2014. Retrieved: 14 March, 2017.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources