Rupert of Salzburg

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Rupert of Salzburg
Saint Rupert depicted wearing a mitre, typical of a bishop
Born 660?
Died 27 March 710(710-03-27)
Salzburg, Austria
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Feast September 24 [1]
27 March
Attributes Holding a container of salt; wearing clerical clothes including mitre; holding a crosier
Patronage Salzburg, The State of Salzburg, Austria, salt miners

Rupert of Salzburg (German: Ruprecht; Latin: Robertus, Rupertus;[a] c. 660[b] – 710 AD) was a bishop and founder of the Austrian city of Salzburg, as well as Bishop of Worms. He was a contemporary of Childebert III, king of the Franks,[2] and is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches.[3]


Holy tradition states that Rupert was a scion of the Frankish royal Merovingian family,[3] and uncle of Saint Erentrude.

Rupert was bishop of Worms until around 697, when unbelievers (presumably pagans) in the vicinity of Worms exiled him from the city.[3] He was sent as a missionary to Regensburg in Bavaria. There, he may have first baptized Duke Theodo of Bavaria, whose permission what necessary for further missionary work, and then baptized a number of the nobles. However, Schmid states that "this scene has no historical foundation."[2]

Rupert moved then on to Altötting and converted the locals. He sailed on the River Danube, visiting the towns, villas, and forts. Soon he had converted a large area of the Danube.

As well as converting the locals, Rupert introduced education and other reforms. He promoted the salt mines of Salzburg, then the ruined Roman town of Juvavum, and made it his base and renamed the place "Salzburg" (Latin: Salisburgum).[4] He reportedly died on Easter Sunday around 710.[5]


In the Eastern Orthodox Church, Rupert's feast day is 27 March.[3] In Austria it is on 24 September.[1]



  1. ^ also known as Rudbertus, Roudbertus, Rupertus, Hrodperht, Hrodpreht, and Robert.[2]
  2. ^ According to Schmid, "The assumption of 660 as the year of his birth is very likely legendary."



 Delehaye, Hippolyte (1911). "Rupert, St". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ; Endnotes:

  • Bibliotheca hagiographica Latina, (Brussels, 1899), n. 7390-7403
  • W. Levison, “Die älteste Lebensbeschreibung Ruperts von Salzburg” in Neues Archiv fur aeltere deutsche Geschichtskunde, xxviii. 283 seq.
  • Hauck, Kirchengeschichte Deutschlands (3rd ed.), i. 372 seq.

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