Rupert of Salzburg
|Rupert of Salzburg|
Saint Rupert depicted wearing a mitre, typical of a bishop
|Died||27 March 710
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
|Feast||September 24 
|Attributes||Holding a container of salt; wearing clerical clothes including mitre; holding a crosier|
|Patronage||Salzburg, The State of Salzburg, Austria, salt miners|
Rupert of Salzburg (German: Ruprecht; Latin: Robertus, Rupertus;[a] c. 660[b] – 710 AD) was a bishop and founder of the Austrian city of Salzburg, as well as Bishop of Worms. He was a contemporary of Childebert III, king of the Franks, and is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches.
Rupert was bishop of Worms until around 697, when unbelievers (presumably pagans) in the vicinity of Worms exiled him from the city. He was sent as a missionary to Regensburg in Bavaria. There, he may have first baptized Duke Theodo of Bavaria, whose permission what necessary for further missionary work, and then baptized a number of the nobles. However, Schmid states that "this scene has no historical foundation."
As well as converting the locals, Rupert introduced education and other reforms. He promoted the salt mines of Salzburg, then the ruined Roman town of Juvavum, and made it his base and renamed the place "Salzburg" (Latin: Salisburgum). He reportedly died on Easter Sunday around 710.
An Austrian stamp of 1948 depicting a statue of Saint Rupert
Etching of Saint Rupert by Bock after J.W. Baumgar
Head of a Gothic style statue of Saint Rupert
- also known as Rudbertus, Roudbertus, Rupertus, Hrodperht, Hrodpreht, and Robert.
- According to Schmid, "The assumption of 660 as the year of his birth is very likely legendary."
- German language regional calendar, September, Institut für Praktische Theologie
- Ulrich Schmid (1912). "St. Rupert". The Catholic Encyclopedia 8. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2007-03-27.
- "Saints of Salzburg", Orthodox England
- Delehaye 1911.
- Lives of Sts. Robert (Rupert) and Erendruda, The St. Pachomius Orthodis Library, 1994
- Bibliotheca hagiographica Latina, (Brussels, 1899), n. 7390-7403
- W. Levison, “Die älteste Lebensbeschreibung Ruperts von Salzburg” in Neues Archiv fur aeltere deutsche Geschichtskunde, xxviii. 283 seq.
- Hauck, Kirchengeschichte Deutschlands (3rd ed.), i. 372 seq.
- Media related to Rupert of Salzburg at Wikimedia Commons
- Lives of Sts. Robert (Rupert) and Erendruda