Oden (1988 icebreaker)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Swedish icebreaker Oden.jpg
Icebreaker Oden
OwnerSwedish Maritime Administration
BuilderGötaverken, Arendal, Sweden
HomeportLuleå, Sweden
StatusIn service
General characteristics [1]
Displacement11,000–13,000 tonnes
Length107.8 m (354 ft)
  • 31.0 m (101.7 ft) (max)
  • 25.0 m (82.0 ft) (amidships)
Draft7.0–8.5 m (23.0–27.9 ft)
Depth12 m (39 ft)
Ice classDNV POLAR-20
Installed power4 × Sulzer 8ZAL4OS (4 × 4,500 kW)
Propulsion2 × LIPS CPP
  • 16.0 knots (29.6 km/h; 18.4 mph) (open water)
  • 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) (1.9 m (6.2 ft) level ice)
Range30,000 nautical miles (56,000 km; 35,000 mi) at 13.0 knots (24.1 km/h; 15.0 mph)
Endurance100 days
  • 65 passengers
  • 40 TEU

Oden is a large Swedish icebreaker, built in 1988 for the Swedish Maritime Administration. It is named after the Norse god Odin. First built to clear a passage through the ice of the Gulf of Bothnia for cargo ships, it was later modified to serve as a research vessel. Equipped with its own helicopter and manned by 15 crew members it has ample capacity to carry laboratory equipment and 80 passengers, functioning independently in harsh Polar ice packs of the Arctic and Antarctic seas. It was the first non-nuclear surface vessel to reach the North Pole (in 1991), together with the German research icebreaker Polarstern.[2][3] It has participated in several scientific expeditions in Arctic and Antarctica.


Oden Antarctic Expedition 2007[edit]

The joint project was a co-operative endeavor between the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat and the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) to collect a range of data in rarely traveled areas of the Antarctic seas and coastline. The international research team studied the oceanography and bio-geochemistry of the region, with emphasis on the processes that control the growth and fate of phytoplankton in the ocean.[4]

Oden Antarctic Expedition 2008[edit]

From 25 November 2008 to 12 January 2009, an international research team participated in an expedition onboard Oden, collecting a range of data in rarely traveled areas of the Antarctic seas and coastline, including the Amundsen and eastern Ross Seas. They studied production and destruction of greenhouse gases and their effects on sea ice microorganisms. The study was designed to allow future researchers to better understand and monitor the Antarctic region.[5]

Oden Southern Ocean Expedition 2009[edit]

Oden was in Antarctica during the southern summer 2009-2010.[6]

Oden Antarctic Expedition 2010[edit]

Oden was in Antarctica between 4 December 2010 and 20 January 2011. The expedition investigated the ice, biology, oceanography, and biogeochemistry of the Amundsen Sea Polynya.[7] There was a controversy that Oden was not assisting the shipping in Swedish waters, which had problems in the unusually cold winter. The Swedish government decided to keep Oden at home for the season 2011-2012 which turned out to be unusually mild.[8][9]

Synoptic Arctic Survey 2021[edit]

In August and September 2021 Oden conducted a major Arctic cruise to study the status and change of the Arctic ecosystem. The cruise concluded on 20 September 2021 when Oden arrived at the southern Swedish port of Helsingborg.[10]


Oden has participated in numerous scientific expeditions in the Canadian arctic archipelago.[11] In 2016 Oden accompanied CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent on an undersea mapping expedition to the Canadian Arctic.[12]


  1. ^ Swedish Maritime Administration (17 September 2011). "Research Vessel/Icebreaker Oden". Archived from the original on 15 May 2011.
  2. ^ ASCOS - Arctic Summer Cloud Ocean Study Archived 28 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Icebreakers". www.globalsecurity.org.
  4. ^ Garay, Lollie. "Oden Antarctic Expedition 2007". PolarTREC.
  5. ^ Peneston, Jeff. "Oden Antarctic Expedition '08". PolarTREC.
  6. ^ ODEN SOUTHERN OCEAN 2009/10 (SO2010) Archived 20 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Wotkyns, Anne Marie (10 January 2011). "Oden Antarctic Expedition 2010". PolarTREC.
  8. ^ Beilinson, Jerry (21 July 2011). "Antarctic Research Season in Jeopardy". Popular Mechanics.
  9. ^ Erb, Karl (28 July 2011). "U.S. National Science Foundation Dear Colleagues letter" (PDF). National Science Foundation.
  10. ^ "Synoptic Arctic Survey 2021". Swedish Polar Research Secretariat. 20 September 2021.
  11. ^ Mary-Louise Timmermans; Chris Garrett (28 October 2005). "Evolution of the Deep Water in the Canadian Basin in the Arctic Ocean" (PDF). Journal of Physical Oceanography. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2007. Retrieved 1 March 2008. Acknowledgments. Data used here were collected by the support teams of 1991–2002 Arctic expeditions aboard the Swedish polar-class icebreaker Oden, and the CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent.
  12. ^ "Research ship mapping Arctic Ocean near North Pole". CBC News. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.

External links[edit]