SS Sankt Erik
SS Sankt Erik moored outside of the Vasa Museum in 2005. Note the shape of the bow which is designed to ride up over the ice.
|Name:||Isbrytaren II (1915–1959) Sankt Erik (1959–present)|
|Port of registry:||Sweden|
|Builder:||Finnboda Shipyard, Stockholm, Sweden|
|Out of service:||1977|
|Status:||Museum ship in Stockholm since 1980|
|Length:||61 m (200 ft)|
|Beam:||17 m (56 ft)|
|Draft:||6.5 m (21 ft)|
|Boilers:||Four boilers; initially coal-fired, later converted to oil|
|Engines:||Two triple-expansion steam engines;
1,200 ihp (bow) and 2,800 ihp (stern)
|Propulsion:||Bow and stern propellers|
|Speed:||11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)|
She was launched in 1915 as Isbrytaren II ("Ice breaker II") and was a conventionally-built Baltic icebreaker with a strengthened bow shaped to be lifted up onto the ice to crush it and a forward-facing screw to push water and crushed ice along the side of the hull. She also has heeling tanks which can be filled and emptied with seawater in turn to rock the ship to widen the channel. Her reciprocating steam engines are the most powerful functioning ones in Sweden.
She was the country's first large icebreaker, and was owned and used by the City of Stockholm to keep the channels around it clear of ice. She was also sometimes used outside the Stockholm area by the Swedish government since it had contributed towards her cost.
- Vasa museum
- Paper on the restoration of the ship presented at the Third International Conference on the Technical Aspects of the Preservation of Historic Vessels in 1997
- Miramar Ship Index - Isbrytaren II