Oliver Wight House

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Oliver Wight House
OliverWighthouse1.jpg
North elevation of the Oliver Wight House
Oliver Wight House is located in Massachusetts
Oliver Wight House
Oliver Wight House is located in the US
Oliver Wight House
Location Sturbridge, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°6′41″N 72°5′22″W / 42.11139°N 72.08944°W / 42.11139; -72.08944Coordinates: 42°6′41″N 72°5′22″W / 42.11139°N 72.08944°W / 42.11139; -72.08944
Built 1789
Architect Wight,Oliver; Porter,Rufus
Architectural style Georgian
Part of Sturbridge Common Historic District (#77000656)
NRHP Reference # 82004483[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 1, 1982
Designated CP November 9, 1977

The Oliver Wight House is a historic house located on Main Street (U.S. Route 20) in Sturbridge, Massachusetts. Built in the 1780s, the house was first occupied by local cabinet maker Oliver Wight and his family. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[1] The Georgian style dwelling was operated as a motor lodge by Old Sturbridge Village until 2006 and has been reopened as a restaurant.[2]

History[edit]

Oliver Wight was born in Medway, Massachusetts on September 27, 1765. He married Harmony Child in Sturbridge on July 5, 1786, and they had eleven children, ten of whom survived to adulthood.[3] Portraits of Oliver and Harmony Wight, attributed to the Beardsley Limner, can be found in the collections of The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum at Colonial Williamsburg.[4] Oliver Wight died in Sturbridge on October 22, 1837.

Oliver Wight acquired his property in Sturbridge from his father, David Wight, and built his house near those of his father and his brothers, David Jr. and Alpheus.[5] In addition to the house, he constructed a sizable shop on the property, where he engaged in his craft.[6]

A cabinet maker by trade, Oliver Wight made chairs, tables, chests of drawers, bedsteads, and other wood furniture. He created pieces on commission and sold his work locally.[7][8] Despite his abilities, he struggled with insolvency for much of his life. An article in the Massachusetts Spy in September, 1793, advertised a public auction of his finished pieces and household goods, as he had “absconded.”[9] His Sturbridge farm was offered for sale in 1795.[6] In 1802, Oliver Wight was declared a bankrupt.[10]

Ebenezer Howard, another cabinet maker, bought the property from Oliver Wight and operated it as a tavern. He resided there until his death. Thereafter, George Wight, great grand-nephew of Oliver Wight, occupied the house. It remained in the family until A. B. Wells purchased it in 1937.[11][12][13]

The Oliver Wight House underwent major renovation of its heating and plumbing systems in 1948, in preparation for becoming a sales and visitor center for Old Sturbridge Village.[14] In 1950, Wells and his associates decided to make the Oliver Wight House into a motor lodge, and had several motel units built.[15] It continued in this capacity until 2006, when it was closed to the public.[2] The Oliver Wight House served as temporary office space for the town of Sturbridge while the town hall underwent renovations in 2009. The Oliver Wight House is now open as a tavern (restaurant)[16]

Art and Architecture[edit]

The original portion of the Oliver Wight House is a five bay Georgian style dwelling with a hipped-gable roof. An ell at the rear of the house was added later. It has two internal chimneys and clapboard facing. Each of the exterior doors are flanked by pilasters and topped with an entablature.[17] An early twentieth-century account of the house describes its layout as a tavern with a bar room and a dance hall, as well as diamond pane windows. All of these features were gone by 1937.[18]

The walls of the first floor hall are decorated with a mural in muted tones created by noted American folk artist Rufus Porter.[19] These were likely painted during Ebenezer Howard’s ownership. Motifs include rolling hills dotted with houses, a windmill, a steamboat on a river, and a variety of vegetation.

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b Gushue, Harold A., Jr. "OSV to close hotel complex ; Cutbacks affect 47-unit Lodges :[ALL Edition]," Worcester Telegram & Gazette, November 3, 2005, ProQuest (accessed April 8, 2011).
  3. ^ Wight, William Ward. The Wights: A Record of Thomas Wight of Dedham and Medfield and of his Descendants, 1635-1890 (Milwaukee: Swain & Tate, printers, 1890) 55, 103. Link to Google Books
  4. ^ Schloss, Christine Skeeles. The Beardsley Limner and Some Contemporaries: Postrevolutionary Portraiture in New England, 1785-1805 (Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1972) 25. ISBN 0-87935-005-9
  5. ^ Hebard, John F. “Snellville and its Manufactures,” Quinabaug Historical Society Leaflets 2, No. 4 (April 29, 1907) 26.
  6. ^ a b Massachusetts Spy (Worcester, Mass.), April 1, 1795. NewsBank/Readex, America’s Historical Newspapers (accessed April 9, 2011)
  7. ^ Massachusetts Spy (Worcester, Mass.), May 23, 1793. NewsBank/Readex, America’s Historical Newspapers (accessed April 9, 2011)
  8. ^ Izard, Holly V. “Random or Systematic?: An Evaluation of the Probate Process,” Winterthur Portfolio 32, No. 2/3 (Summer-Autumn 1997), 151. JSTOR (accessed April 3, 2011)
  9. ^ Massachusetts Spy (Worcester, Mass.), September 5, 1793. NewsBank/Readex, America’s Historical Newspapers (accessed April 9, 2011)
  10. ^ Massachusetts Spy (Worcester, Mass.), April 21, 1802. NewsBank/Readex, America’s Historical Newspapers (accessed April 9, 2011)
  11. ^ Knowlton, Edward, and Mary Frances Greaney. The Wells Family: Founders of the American Optical Company and Old Sturbridge Village (Southbridge, Mass.: R. D. Wells, 1979) 2.
  12. ^ Davis, George. A Historical Sketch of Sturbridge and Southbridge (West Brookfield: O.S. Cooke & Co., 1856) 32. Google Books
  13. ^ Wight, The Wights, 266.
  14. ^ Knowlton and Greaney, Wells Family, 15, 22.
  15. ^ Knowlton and Greaney, Wells Family, 29.
  16. ^ Ring, Kim. "OSV Lodges area to reopen: Includes 1789 house, guest units," Worcester Telegram & Gazette, November 24, 2012, Proquest (accessed November 25, 2012)
  17. ^ Historic American Buildings Survey. “Oliver Wight House, State Route 131, Sturbridge, Worcester, MA,” HABS MA-217 (Washington D. C.: National Park Service, 1937) Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress) (accessed April 3, 2011)
  18. ^ Holmes, Phila P. “Old Inns and Taverns in Sturbridge,” Quinabaug Historical Society Leaflets 3, No. 4 (January 30, 1914) 44-45.
  19. ^ Samuels, Sam Hooper. “In the Steps of Rufus Porter, Yankee Original,” Boston Globe, August 7, 2005, Boston Globe (accessed April 4, 2011)

External links[edit]