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Oodweyne is the capital of the Oodweyne District and is located in a pastoral area between Burco and Hargeisa in the western part of Togdheer province. The location of the town made it a strategic site during the Somali Revolution (1986-1992), and it was a major base for Somali National Army (SNA) troops. In 1989, the town was the scene of heavy fighting between government troops and Somali National Movement (SNM) militiamen. Some landmines held over from this conflict made transportation difficult during the 1990s.
The broader Oodweyne District has a total population of 192,031 residents.
- Mohamed Haji Ibrahim Egal, two-time Prime Minister of Somalia and second President of the Somaliland region.
- "Districts of Somalia".
- BBC Summary of World Broadcasts (March 1, 1989). "Somalia SNM reportedly kill over 1,000 government troops in recent fighting". BBC.
- Africa Rights (1993). Violent Deeds Live on: Landmines in Somalia and Somaliland.
- "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
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