|Plant of Opopanax chironium|
- Opopanax chironium subsp. chironium
- Opopanax chironium subsp. bulgaricum (Vel.) N.Andreev
Opopanax chironium grows 1–3 metres (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) high. This perennial herb has a branching stem, thick and rough close to the base. Leaves are serrate, pinnate, with long petioles. It produces a large, flat, yellow inflorescence at the top of the branches.
This plant is used in the production of certain perfumes. A consumable resin known as opopanax can be extracted from the Opopanax plant by cutting at the base of a stem and sun-drying the juice that flows out. Though people often find the taste acrid and bitter, the highly flammable resin can be burned as incense to produce a scent somewhat like balsam or lavender.
The resin has been used in the treatment of spasms, and, before that, as an emmenagogue, in the treatment of asthma, chronic visceral infections, hysteria and hypochondria. Opopanax resin is most frequently sold in dried irregular pieces, though tear-shaped gems are not uncommon.
Distribution and habitat
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
- "Opopanax chironium". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- Scents of Earth Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "fc" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- Catalogue of Life
- Enciclopedia Treccani
|Wikispecies has information related to Opopanax chironium|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Opopanax chironium.|
- Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora Europaea.