Ordino

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ordino
Carrer Major and main street of Ordino town.
Carrer Major and main street of Ordino town.
Coat of arms of Ordino
Coat of arms
Ordino is located in Andorra
Ordino
Ordino
Location of Ordino town within Andorra
Coordinates (Ordino town): 42°33′18″N 1°31′59″E / 42.55500°N 1.53306°E / 42.55500; 1.53306Coordinates: 42°33′18″N 1°31′59″E / 42.55500°N 1.53306°E / 42.55500; 1.53306
Country Andorra
Parishes Ordino
Villages Ansalonga, Arans, Arcalís, El Serrat, La Cortinada, Les Salines, Llorts, Segudet, Sornàs
Government
 • Mayor Ventura Espot i Beixanet
Area
 • Total 90 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation 1,298 m (4,259 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 4,545
 • Density 36.77/km2 (95.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s) ordinenc, ordinenca
Website Official site

Ordino (Catalan pronunciation: [urˈðinu], locally: [oɾˈðino]) is the most northerly parish in the Principality of Andorra. It's mostly the main area of Valira del Nord or Valira d'Ordino river valley. Ordino is also the name of the main town of the parish. Other settlements in the parish are El Serrat, Ansalonga, Sornàs, La Cortinada, Llorts, Segudet, Arans, Les Salines and Arcalís. It is home to the Sorteny National Park, the largest nature area of Andorra. It has a population of 4,545, as of 2015. The town preserves a vast medieval center, mainly linked to the culture of the country.

Geography[edit]

The parish has borders with France and also with the parishes of La Massana, Canillo, and Encamp. The only main road and only all year external link is the CG-3 leading to the neighbouring parish of La Massana. With 85 km² is the third largest parish after Canillo and Encamp.

The town of Ordino lies on the footslopes of Casamanya (2740 m), a mountain which has spectacular panoramic views from its summit being located almost exactly in the centre of Andorra.[1]

History[edit]

The 12th century Romanesque Sant Corneli and Sant Cebrià church and bell tower in Ordino.

Ordino it's historically known for its ironworks of the XVI century, especially Farga del Serrat and Farga de l'Areny. Besides being the industrial center of Andorra, Ordino is considered the cultural center of Andorra. Here Antoni Fiter i Rossell wrote the Manual Digest (1748), called the "Bible of Andorra," which tells the story, the government and the Andorran customs.

The town of Ordino include the parish church of Sant Corneli i Sant Cebrià, already mentioned in 839, was mainly built during the XII and XIII century. The Romanesque church of Sant Martí de la Cortinada, with murals century XII, it's also a good example of romanesque Andorran art.

Manor houses like Fiter-Riba, which holds the original Manual Digest and Areny-Plandolit family house, owners of Farga de l'Areny, represented the good society of Andorra between XVII and XIX century. Both mansions were acquired in 1972 by Consell General and converted into an ethnological and historical museum.[2]

Areny-Plandolit family house localed in Carrer Major d'Ordino.

The parish and town is the namesake of the Andorran legend El buner d'Ordino, in which a bagpiper from Ordino, en route to a festival in Canillo, is chased and treed by wolves, but frightens them off by playing his instrument.[3]

Culture[edit]

Ordino has been part of the culture of Andorra and the Catalan language as major headquarter of Fundacio Ramon Llull (Ramon Llull Foundation), an international organization constituted in 2008 in order to promote Catalan language and culture internationally.[4]

The National Auditorium of Andorra (Catalan: Auditori Nacional d'Andorra) is located in Ordino town. The International Narciso Yepes Festival, a series of classical music concerts, has been held there every October since 1983.[5][6] The festival was started by the late guitarist, Narciso Yepes.[6]

The Postal and Postcard Museum of Andorra (Catalan: Museu Postal d'Andorra) and the Miniature Museum (Catalan: Museu de la Miniatura) are localed in the parish of Ordino.

Mountain cabin in Pleta del Castellar, Arcalís.

Sports[edit]

The Comú d'Ordino, the local government, has a sports center (CEO) with swimming pool, gym, squash, sauna and rock climbing wall; along with the CTEO sport center with indoor and outdoor fields. It's also the parish were the start and finish of Ultra Trail Andorra take place, one of the most important mountain trail races in Southern Europe.

View from Tristaina lakes of La Coma d'Ordino and Arcalís.

FC Ordino, founded in 2010, is one of the major sport clubs in the parish. The club currently plays in Primera Divisió, the Andorran Premier League.

In the extreme northwest of the parish is the Vallnord (Ordino-Arcalis sector ski station) ski resort which has peaks up to 2,625 m.[7]

During summer the ski resort is open as bike park. In mountain biking, Vallnord was the venue for events during the 2008, 2009 and 2013 UCI Mountain Bike World Cup. The 2015 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Vallnord.[8]

In road cycling, Arcalis was used for a stage finish in the 1994 Vuelta a España, and Pal as a stage finish in the 2010 Vuelta a España. Vallnord was used for stage finishes in the 2007, 2009 and 2011 Volta a Catalunya. Stage 10 of the 1997 Tour de France, Stage 7 of the 2009 Tour de France and Stage 9 of the 2016 Tour de France also all finished at Arcalis.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hiking the Eastern Pyrenees, Peter Dunkley, Passport Newsletter, February 2009, Editor K. Petchenik, Remy Publishing]
  2. ^ http://www.enciclopedia.cat/EC-GEC-0047505.xml
  3. ^ Àlvar Valls Oliva - Roser Carol Romàn; Àlvar Valls i Oliva; Roser Carol i Romàn (15 November 2010). Llegendes d'Andorra. L'Abadia de Montserrat. pp. 95–. ISBN 978-84-9883-340-9. 
  4. ^ http://www.ccma.cat/324/Neix-la-Fundacio-Ramon-Llull/noticia/267235/
  5. ^ 27è Festival Internacional Narciso Yepes, Associació Festivals d'Ordino, Comú d'Ordino, Andorra, October 2009. (Catalan)
  6. ^ a b Festival Internacional Narciso Yepes, Visual Andorra, 2009. (French)
  7. ^ Ordino-Arcalis Ski Resort, Yahoo.com
  8. ^ "UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships". Union Cycliste International. Retrieved 10 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Stage 9: Vielha Val d'Aran / Andorre Arcalis". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 10 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ordino at Wikimedia Commons