Organetto refers to two distinct instruments. The medieval organetto, or portative was a portable pipe instrument, while the modern organetto is a popular Italian folk instrument allied to the accordion.
The medieval Organetto  was a portable pipe instrument, allied to the later classical pipe organ, and pumped with the hand. It is referenced in the Roman de la Rose: "There are easily manageable organs which are portable and are pumped and played by the same person, who also sings either the soprano or tenor part." It was among the most popular instruments in Europe from the 13th to the 16th century. The organetto was relatively lightweight and could be carried with a sling to use in religious processions or other occasions. Bellows provide the wind supply, and a button-type keyboard could be used across approximately two octaves. The organetto could only play one note at a time, and was used for a single part in a polyphonic piece, motet or chanson, and for monophonic dance music.
- Spohnheimer. "The Organetto". Music.iastate.edu. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
- "www.organetto.net sito web dedicato alla didattica, offre metodi gratis, oltre 13.000 download dei metodi didattici". Organetto.net. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
- "www.organettodiatonico.it everything on the teaching of Dr. Mario Carbone organ". Organettodiatonico.it. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
- "www.organetto.info The most popular Italian website on "organetto" (diatonic accordion)". Organetto.info. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
- "www.organetto.it il portale dell'organetto italiano". Organetto.it. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
- "Squeezytunes: Organetto". Squeezyboy.blogs.com. 2006-09-27. Retrieved 2012-10-10.
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