Orthosiphon

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Orthosiphon
Orthosiphon stamineus.jpg
Orthosiphon stamineus[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Orthosiphon
Benth. 1830
Synonyms[2]

Clerodendranthus Kudô

Orthosiphon is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family native to Africa, Southern Asia and Queensland, with one species (O. americanus) in Colombia.[2][3] It is an herbaceous shrub which grows to a height of 1.5 m (5 ft). Orthosiphon is a popular garden plant because of its unique flower, which is white and bluish with filaments resembling a cat's whiskers. In the wild, the plant can be seen growing in the forests and along roadsides.

Common names in Southeast Asia are Misai Kucing (Malaysia), Kumis Kucing and Remujung (Indonesia), and Yaa Nuat Maeo (Thailand). The scientific names are Orthosiphon stamineus Benth, Ocimum aristatum BI and Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume).

Species[2]
  1. Orthosiphon adenocaulis A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  2. Orthosiphon allenii (C.H.Wright) Codd - from Zaire + Tanzania to Zimbabwe
  3. Orthosiphon americanus Harley & A.J.Paton - Colombia
  4. Orthosiphon argenteus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  5. Orthosiphon aristatus aka Orthosiphon stamineus (Blume) Miq. - China, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Queensland; naturalized in Fiji
  6. Orthosiphon biflorus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  7. Orthosiphon bullosus Chiov. - Somalia
  8. Orthosiphon cladotrichos Gürke - Tanzania
  9. Orthosiphon cuanzae (I.M.Johnst.) A.J.Paton - Angola
  10. Orthosiphon discolor A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  11. Orthosiphon ellipticus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  12. Orthosiphon exilis A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  13. Orthosiphon ferrugineus Balf.f. - Socotra
  14. Orthosiphon fruticosus Codd - Northern Province of South Africa
  15. Orthosiphon glandulosus C.E.C.Fisch - Assam, Ranong Province of southern Thailand
  16. Orthosiphon hanningtonii (Baker) A.J.Paton - Kenya, Tanzania
  17. Orthosiphon humbertii Danguy - Madagascar
  18. Orthosiphon incurvus Benth. in N.Wallich - Himalayas from Nepal to Myanmar
  19. Orthosiphon lanatus Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton - Vietnam
  20. Orthosiphon miserabilis A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  21. Orthosiphon newtonii Briq. - Angola
  22. Orthosiphon nigripunctatus G.Taylor - Angola, Zambia
  23. Orthosiphon pallidus Royle ex Benth. - tropical + eastern Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula, India, Pakistan
  24. Orthosiphon parishii Prain - Myanmar, Thailand
  25. Orthosiphon parvifolius Vatke - Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda
  26. Orthosiphon pseudoaristatus Suddee - Thailand
  27. Orthosiphon robustus Hook.f. - Assam
  28. Orthosiphon rotundifolius Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton - Thailand, Vietnam
  29. Orthosiphon ruber A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  30. Orthosiphon rubicundus (D.Don) Benth. - southern China, Himalayas, Indochina
  31. Orthosiphon rufinervis G.Taylor - Angola, Zambia
  32. Orthosiphon sarmentosus A.J.Paton & Hedge - Madagascar
  33. Orthosiphon scapiger Benth. - Himalayas
  34. Orthosiphon scedastophyllus A.J.Paton - Tanzania, Mozambique
  35. Orthosiphon schimperi Benth. - tropical + southern Africa from Guinea to Somalia south to Transvaal
  36. Orthosiphon schliebenii A.J.Paton - Tanzania
  37. Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleesen - tropical Africa, Madagascar, Saudi Arabia, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Java
  38. Orthosiphon truncatus Doan ex Suddee & A.J.Paton - Vietnam but believed to be extinct
  39. Orthosiphon vernalis Codd - Swaziland
  40. Orthosiphon violaceus Briq - Angola
  41. Orthosiphon wattii Prain - Assam
  42. Orthosiphon wulfenioides (Diels) Hand.-Mazz. - Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan

References[edit]

  1. ^ illustration from Joseph Dalton Hooker - Curtis's botanical magazine vol. 96 ser. 3 nr. 26 tabl. 5833 (1870_
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 298 鸡脚参属 ji jiao shen shu Orthosiphon Bentham, Edward's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1300. 1830.

External links[edit]