Otis, Kansas

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Otis, Kansas
Location within Rush County and Kansas
Location within Rush County and Kansas
KDOT map of Rush County (legend)
Coordinates: 38°32′6″N 99°3′8″W / 38.53500°N 99.05222°W / 38.53500; -99.05222Coordinates: 38°32′6″N 99°3′8″W / 38.53500°N 99.05222°W / 38.53500; -99.05222
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyRush
Founded1886
Incorporated1911
Named forOtis Modderwell
Area
 • Total0.31 sq mi (0.81 km2)
 • Land0.31 sq mi (0.81 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,037 ft (621 m)
Population
 • Total282
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
260
 • Density830.67/sq mi (320.77/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67565
Area code785
FIPS code20-53525 [4]
GNIS ID0475495 [5]

Otis is a city in Rush County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 282.[6]

History[edit]

Otis was founded in 1886, and named for the founder's son, Otis Modderwell.[7][8]

The first post office in Otis was established in August 1887.[9]

Geography[edit]

Otis is located at 38°32′6″N 99°3′8″W / 38.53500°N 99.05222°W / 38.53500; -99.05222 (38.534933, -99.052088).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.30 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920505
1930407−19.4%
19404131.5%
1950410−0.7%
1960362−11.7%
19703876.9%
19804105.9%
1990385−6.1%
2000325−15.6%
2010282−13.2%
2019 (est.)260[3]−7.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 282 people, 146 households, and 84 families residing in the city. The population density was 940.0 inhabitants per square mile (362.9/km2). There were 169 housing units at an average density of 563.3 per square mile (217.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 146 households, of which 15.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.5% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.56.

The median age in the city was 52.7 years. 16% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.2% were from 25 to 44; 37.2% were from 45 to 64; and 24.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.4% male and 48.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 325 people, 148 households, and 92 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,080.3 people per square mile (418.3/km2). There were 170 housing units at an average density of 565.1 per square mile (218.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.77% White, 0.31% Native American, 0.31% Asian, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.

There were 148 households, out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.2% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,109, and the median income for a family was $35,625. Males had a median income of $26,875 versus $18,929 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,290. About 4.5% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Industry[edit]

The Linde Group, based in Munich, Germany, operates the world's second largest helium production facility in Otis, producing nearly one-sixth of the global supply of the gas.[12] The Otis facility supplies helium to the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, sending nearly 400,000 cubic feet (11,000 m3) in 2008 alone.[13]

Education[edit]

Otis is served by USD 403 Otis-Bison. School unification consolidated Otis and Bison schools forming USD 403. The Otis-Bison High School mascot is Cougars.[14]

Otis schools were closed through school unification. The Otis High School mascot was Eagles.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[dead link]
  7. ^ "History of Rush County". Rush County Economic Development. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. pp. 278.
  9. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ Peter Gavigan (2008). "The Linde Group - Fact Sheet" (PDF). KWCH. Retrieved November 27, 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ Rick Montgomery (2008). "Kansas helps keep helium supply up". Kansas City Star. Retrieved November 27, 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[dead link]
  14. ^ "USD 403". USD 403. Retrieved 5 January 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ "Otis Drops Bazine For Ninth Straight", The Hays Daily News, 7 January 1962, p.12.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]