|Admin. region||Lower Bavaria|
|• Lord mayor (2020–26)||Alexander Putz (CSU)|
|• Total||65.7 km2 (25.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||445 m (1,460 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Landshut (German: [ˈlantshuːt] ⓘ; Bavarian: Landshuad) is a town in Bavaria in the south-east of Germany. Situated on the banks of the River Isar, Landshut is the capital of Lower Bavaria, one of the seven administrative regions of the Free State of Bavaria. It is also the seat of the surrounding district and has a population of more than 75,000. Landshut is the largest city in Lower Bavaria, followed by Passau and Straubing, and Eastern Bavaria's second after Regensburg.
Owing to its characteristic coat of arms, the town is also called "City of the three Helmets" (German: Dreihelmestadt). The town is popularly known for is picturesque gothic old town and the Landshut Wedding, a full-tilt medieval festival. The cityscape is dominated by the St. Martin's Basilica and Trausnitz Castle high above the old town.
Due to its proximity and easy access to Munich and the Franz Josef Strauss International Airport, Landshut became a powerful and future-oriented investment area and has seen a strong increase in population in the last 20 years. The town is strongly industrialized (e.g. BMW, ebm-papst, Schott electronics), has Eastern Bavaria's lowest unemployment rate and is among the richest towns in Bavaria.
Landshut lies in the Alpine foothills. The River Isar runs through the city and splits in two in the city centre. Most of the built-up area lies on the flat terraced deposits of the river. The Isar divides the town into three areas: the northern part above the river belongs to the Isar-Danube hill country, the Mühleninsel in the city centre lies between both arms of the Isar, and the southern part below the river belongs to the Isar-Inn hill country. The southern part of the town is delimited by a chain of hills, some of which rise steeply, of which the Hofberg, where the Trausnitz Castle is located, forms the highest point in the city area at a height of 505 meters above sea level.
Landshut is situated between Munich (70 kilometers southwest) and Regensburg (70 kilometers to the north). Other nearby towns are Straubing (75 km northeast), Deggendorf (75 km to the east), and Passau at the German-Austrian border (120 km to the east). The town's spread is limited to the north by Ergolding, to the northwest by Altdorf, and to the south by Kumhausen. The three smaller towns join Landshut to form a built-up area of around 100,000 people but are not incorporated into Landshut proper.
The town and Trausnitz Castle were founded in 1204 by Duke Louis I, when a settlement developed around the castle. Landshut was a Wittelsbach residence by 1231, and in 1255, when the duchy of Bavaria was split in two, Landshut also became the capital of Lower Bavaria. Duke Henry XVI was the first of the three 'rich dukes' who ruled Bayern-Landshut in the 15th century. The wedding of Duke George with the Polish Princess Royal Jadwiga Jagiellon in 1475 was celebrated in Landshut with one of the most splendid festivals of the Middle Ages (Landshut Wedding). After his death and the Landshut War of Succession, Bavaria-Landshut was reunited with Bavaria-Munich.
Between 1537 and 1543, after his visit to Italy, Louis X, Duke of Bavaria built the Landshut Residence, the first Renaissance palace constructed north of the Alps. It was modeled after Palazzo Te in Mantua. William V, Duke of Bavaria ordered to upgrade Trausnitz Castle from a gothic fortification into a Renaissance complex when he lived in Landshut as crown prince for ten years until 1579. Afterwards, Landshut lost most of its importance until the University of Ingolstadt was moved to Landshut in 1800. However, in 1826 the university was transferred to Munich.
The U.S. Army maintained facilities in Landshut, including Pinder Kaserne and a dependent housing area, until 1968.
Since the opening of Munich Airport close to Landshut in 1992, the town has become an attractive business location.
|Largest groups of foreign residents|
Main sights and culture
The town is of architectural importance because of its predominantly Gothic architecture within the historic town centre, especially Trausnitz Castle and the Church of Saint Martin featuring the world's tallest church brick tower. Among other Gothic architecture are the churches of St. Jodok and Holy Spirit, but also the Town Hall and the Ländtor, the only still existing gate of the medieval fortification.
The Renaissance era produced in particular the decorated inner courtyard of the Trausnitz Castle and the ducal Landshut Residence in the inner town. Baroque churches are represented by the Jesuit church St. Ignatius, the Dominican church St. Blasius and the church St. Joseph. Also, the medieval churches of the Seligenthal convent and of the Cistercians were redesigned in baroque style. Many old middle-class houses of the past in the Old Town still represent the history of the town from the Gothic times to the Neo-Classicism.
- Stadttheater (city theatre)
- Kleines Theater
- Theater Nikola
- Kinoptikum – repertory cinema 
- Kinopolis Landshut – Multiplex cinema 
- Skulpturenmuseum im Hofberg (Sculptural Museum in Hofberg)
- LANDSHUTmuseum in the cloister of the old Franciscan monastery
- Eisstadion am Gutenbergweg – Indoor Ice hockey arena, mainly used by the EV Landshut
- Sparkassen-Arena – Mainly used for concerts and fairs
- Grieserwiese – Giant parking area located between Wittstraße and the bank of the river Isar used for the annual Frühjahrs- und Bartlmädult
- Dräxlmaier Group
- LFoundry, a semiconductor fab formerly owned by Renesas and before by Hitachi)
- Schott Glass
- de:Pöschl Tabak
Twin towns – sister cities
- Elgin, Scotland, United Kingdom (1956), the Landshut Bridge in Elgin is named after Landshut
- Compiègne, France (1962)
- Ried im Innkreis, Austria (1974)
- Schio, Italy (1981)
- Sibiu, Romania (2002)
- Ulrich Füetrer (born before 1450; died around 1493 and 1502), poet and painter
- Ludwig Feuerbach (1804–1872), philosopher
- Friedrich Feuerbach (1806–1880), philologist and philosopher
- Gustav Tiedemann (1808–1849), officer
- Carl du Prel (1839–1899), philosopher, writer and occultist
- Karl Tanera (1849–1904), officer of the Bavarian Army and author
- Max Slevogt (1868–1932), painter, graphician
- Otto Kissenberth (1893–1919), fighter pilot in World War I
- Hermann Erhardt (1903–1958), actor
- Max Schäfer (1907–1990), football player and manager
- Marlene Neubauer-Woerner (1918–2010), sculptor
- Josef Deimer (born 1936), politician and Lord mayor of Landshut from 1970–2014
- Roman Herzog (1934–2017), politician (CDU), President of Germany from 1994 to 1999, then Honorary Citizen as well
- Klaus Auhuber (born 1951), ice hockey player
- Gerhard Tausche (born 1958), archivist and author
- Gerd Truntschka (born 1958), ice hockey player
- Martin Bayerstorfer (born 1966), politician
- Alex Holzwarth (born 1968), drummer
- Wolfgang Stark (born 1969), football referee
- Markus Brunnermeier (born 1969), financial economist
- Annette Dytrt (born 1983), figure skater
- Hans Leinberger (1475/1480 – after 1531), sculptor
- Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach, (1804–1872), philosopher and anthropologist
- Roman Herzog (1934-2017), President of Germany 1994–1999
- Josef Deimer (born 1936), Lord Mayor of Landshut 1970–2004
- Erich Kühnhackl (born 1950), ice hockey player
- Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (1173–1231), Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine
- Hans von Burghausen (born 1350–1360; died 1432), builder
- Hans Stethaimer (1360–1432), architect, mason and painter
- Hans Leinberger (1480–1531), sculptor of the late Gothic
- Götz von Berlichingen (1480–1562), Frankish Empire Knights
- Renata of Lorraine (1544–1602), Duchess of Bavaria
- Johann Graf von Aldringen (1588–1634), commander
- Franz von Paula Schrank (1747–1835), botanist
- Johann Michael Sailer (1751–1832), Catholic theologian and bishop of Regensburg
- Franz Xaver Witt (1834–1888), church musician, composer, reformer, founder of the German general Cecilia Association
- Max Freiherr von Oppenheim (1860–1946), diplomat, orientalist and archaeologist
- Ludwig Thoma (1867–1921), writer
- Hans Carossa (1878–1956), doctor, known as a poet and writer of short stories
- Gregor Strasser (1892–1934), National Socialist politician
- Heinrich Himmler (1900–1945), National Socialist politician, head of the SS
- Marlene Neubauer-Woerner (1918–2010), sculptor
- Fritz Koenig (1924–2017), sculptor
- Heinz Winbeck (1946–2019), composer
- Erich Kühnhackl (born 1950), ice hockey player
- Tom Kühnhackl (born 1992), ice hockey player
- David Elsner (born 1992), ice hockey player
- Herbert Hainer (born 1954), manager
- Steffen Kummerer (born 1985), musician, guitarist of Obscura
The Cathedral of St. Martin with its bell tower
The Church of St. Jodok
The Landshut Wedding and the Church of the Holy Spirit
Church of the Holy Ghost, Gothic porch
The Trausnitz Castle
Landshut city view
Alstadt St, the pedestrian area
- Battle of Abensberg, occurred 20 April 1809
- Battle of Landshut, occurred 21 April 1809
- Battle of Eckmühl, occurred 21–22 April 1809
- Liste der Oberbürgermeister in den kreisfreien Städten, accessed 18 July 2021.
- Genesis Online-Datenbank des Bayerischen Landesamtes für Statistik Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)
- "Landshut". Dictionary.com Unabridged (Online). n.d.
- Helfferich, Tryntje, The Thirty Years War: A Documentary History (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 274-302.
- "Besucherinfo - Museen der Stadt Landshut" (in German).
- "Partner- und Patenstädte". landshut.de (in German). Landshut. Retrieved 2021-02-18.
- Landshut travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- http://www.landshut.de – Official website
- (in German) http://www.fh-landshut.de/
[[Category:1200s establishments in Germany