SZD-10 Czapla

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SZD-10 Czapla
SZD10 Czapla.jpg
SZD-10bis in the Polish Aviation Museum
Role Glider aircraft
National origin Poland
Manufacturer SZD
First flight 23 November 1953
Introduction 1955
Primary user Poland
Number built 157

The SZD-10 Czapla (Szybowcowy Zakład Doświadczalny - Glider Experimental Works) was a two-seat training glider aircraft that was designed and built in Poland from 1953.


The Czapla (Heron) was a tandem two-seat training glider, with a strut- supported, forward-swept, high-set wing and a welded steel tube fuselage with fabric covering. Design of the Czapla commenced in 1952 to the order of the Soldier's Friends' League paramilitary organization, to enable aeroclubs to train glider pilots in a two-seat trainee/instructor system. Main designers were Roman Zatwarnicki, Irena Kaniewska and Marian Gracz. The Czapla was designed to be launched by bungee, winch or aero-tow, and the prototype first flew on 23 November 1953, demonstrating the need for several improvements, which were introduced in the second prototype (flown on 26 March 1954) and the production model SZD-10bis Czapla.[1] Production was carried out from 1955 at ZSLS (ZSLS - sport aviation equipment workshops) in Krosno, Wrocław, Bielsko and Poznań and the Military Repair workshop at Łódź,[1] with Czapla being used for everyday club flying up to the early 1980s,[2] and exported to Finland and Turkey.[1]


  • SZD-10-2 Czapla – two prototypes
  • SZD-10bis Czapla – 19 production aircraft
  • SZD-10bis A Czapla – 136 production aircraft, first flew in June 1958

Specifications (SZD-10bis Czapla)[edit]

Data from

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 pilot
  • Capacity: 1 passenger
  • Length: 8.7 m (28 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 16 m (52 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 24 m2 (258 ft2)
  • Aspect ratio: 10.67
  • Wing profile: Göttingen 549
  • Empty weight: 280 kg (617 lb)
  • Gross weight: 435 kg (959 lb)


  • Maximum speed: 160 km/h (99 mph)
  • Stall speed: 48 km/h (30 mph)
  • Maximum glide ratio: 17 @ 64 km/h (40 mph/35 kts)
  • Rate of sink: 0.96 m/s (189 ft/min)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ a b c (Polish) Babiejczuk, Janusz and Grzegorzewski, Jerzy. Polski przemysł lotniczy 1945-1973 (Polish aerospace industry 1945-197). Warsaw: Wydawnictwo MON, 1974, p. 122
  2. ^ (Polish) Krzyżan, Marian, Samoloty w muzeach polskich (Aircraft in the Polish museums), Warsaw: Wydawnictwa Komunikacji i Łączności, 1983, ISBN 978-83-206-0432-0, p. 138
  • Taylor, J. H. (ed) (1989) Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. Studio Editions: London. p. 29

External links[edit]