SZD-14x Jaskółka M

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SZD-14x Jaskółka M
Role Glider aircraft
National origin Poland
Manufacturer SZD
Władysław Okarmus
Designer Tadeusz Kostia
First flight 23 July 1954
Number built 1
Developed from SZD-8 Jaskółka[1]

The SZD-14X Jaskółka M was a single-seat glider designed and built in Poland at Szybowcowy Zakład Doświadczalny - Glider Experimental Works in Bielsko-Biała in 1954. This was an experimental prototype, and only one unit was constructed.[1]

Development[edit]

The SZD-14X Jaskółka M was developed from the SZD-8bis Jaskółka (Swallow) for research into the construction, control and characteristics of 'V' or butterfly tail surfaces.[2] Using the airframe of the second prototype SZD-8 a 'V' tail was added to the rear fuselage, with arrangements for the balance of the surfaces and the angle between them to be adjusted as required.[1] The designer was Tadeusz Kostia, the constructor was Władysław Okarmus.[3]

First flown by Adam Zientek at Bielsko on 23 July 1954,[3] the SZD-14 was found to be easy to fly with no vices, giving no indication that the tail layout was unconventional.[1] During spinning tests the rear fuselage was almost torn off, but the pilot (Dziurzyński) managed to regain control and recovered the aircraft to land safely.[2]

Up to the time of the SZD-14's debut, the 'V' tail system was rare, with few aircraft using the system devised by Eng. Jerzy Rudlicki and demonstrated on a licence-built Hanriot HD.14 biplane in the early 1930s.[4]

Specifications (SZD-14x Jaskółka M)[edit]

Data from http://www.piotrp.de/SZYBOWCE/pszd14.htm

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.48 m (21 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 16 m (52 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)
  • Wing area: 13.6 m2 (146 ft2)
  • Aspect ratio: 18.8
  • Wing profile: NACA 23012A
  • Empty weight: 288 kg (635 lb)
  • Gross weight: 373 kg (822 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 250 km/h (155 mph)
  • Stall speed: 59 km/h (37 mph)
  • Maximum glide ratio: 26.3 @ 80 km/h (43 kts/50 mph)
  • Rate of sink: 0.7 m/s (138 ft/min)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d http://www.piotrp.de/SZYBOWCE/pszd14.htm
  2. ^ a b Simons, Martin. Sailplanes 1945-1965 2nd revised ed. EQIP Werbung und Verlag G.m.b.H.. Königswinter. 2006. ISBN 3-9807977-4-0
  3. ^ a b Babiejczuk, Grzegorzewski. Polski przemysł lotniczy 1945-1973, p. 120
  4. ^ Cynk, Jerzy B.. “Polish Aircraft 1893–1939”. London, Putnam. 1971. ISBN 0-370-00085-4
  • Taylor, J. H. (ed) (1989) Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. Studio Editions: London. p. 29
  • Cynk, Jerzy B.. “Polish Aircraft 1893–1939”. London, Putnam. 1971. ISBN 0-370-00085-4
  • Simons, Martin. Sailplanes 1945-1965 2nd revised edition. EQIP Werbung und Verlag G.m.b.H.. Königswinter. 2006. ISBN 3-9807977-4-0
  • (in Polish) Babiejczuk, Janusz and Grzegorzewski, Jerzy. Polski przemysł lotniczy 1945-1973 [Polish aerospace industry 1945-1973]. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo MON, 1974

External links[edit]