Papal conclave, 1362

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Papal conclave
September–October 1362
Sede vacante.svg
Coat of arms during the vacancy of the Holy See
Dates and location
22 September – 28 October 1362
Palais des Papes, Avignon
Key officials
Dean Élie de Talleyrand-Périgord
Sub-Dean Guy de Boulogne
Protopriest Hugues Roger
Protodeacon Guillaume de la Jugie
Election
Candidates Hugues Roger, Raymond di Canillac
Elected Pope
William de Grimoard
(Name taken: Urban V)
Urban V.gif

The papal conclave, 1362 elected William Grimoard as Pope Urban V to succeed Pope Innocent VI in the Palais des Papes of Avignon, continuing the Avignon Papacy.

Balloting[edit]

Twenty cardinals entered the conclave on September 22, divided roughly into the factions of the French and Gascon cardinals (the latter being subjects of the King of England, in his capacity as Duke of Aquitaine).[1] Eleven[2] or twelve[3] of the twenty cardinals were Limousin, including three cardinal-nephews of Innocent VI and six nephews of Pope Clement VI.

After six days, the cardinals agreed upon the election of Hugues Roger, a cardinal and nephew of Clement VI, who refused the election in no uncertain terms (unlike many popes who made a show of "refusing" only to accept soon afterwards).[4] Thereafter, cardinal Raymond di Canillac emerged as papabile but was unable to receive the requisite supermajority.[5]

It became clear that none among the cardinals could receive a two-thirds majority, and thus discussion shifted to names outside the College.[3] Disagreements continued until October 28, when the cardinals agreed on Abbot William Grimoard, the Apostolic Legate to the Kingdom of Naples, at the time residing in Florence.[4] Fearing that Italians wishing to return the papacy to Rome would detain Grimoard, the French cardinals summoned him to Avignon, stating that they wished to consult with him, rather than informing him of his election.[4] It took five weeks for Grimoard to reach Avignon, where he was crowned as Urban V.[3]

Five years after his election, Urban V finally bowed to intense pressure from every direction, and did temporarily return the papacy to Rome on October 16, 1367. He returned to Avignon three years later, however, on August 26, 1370. He died in December of that year.[6]

List of participants[edit]

Twenty out of twenty one cardinals participated in the conclave:[7]

One cardinal was absent in Italy:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Trollope, 1876, p. 98.
  2. ^ Emerton, 1917, pp. 152-153.
  3. ^ a b c Baumgartner, 2003, p. 54.
  4. ^ a b c Trollope, 1876, p. 99.
  5. ^ Darras et al., 1869, p. 515.
  6. ^ Trollope, 1876, p. 100.
  7. ^ Source: K. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 1913, p. 20 n. 4

References[edit]