Papyrus Graecus Holmiensis

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The Papyrus Graecus Holmiensis, which is also known as the Stockholm Papyrus, dates from c. 300 AD and contains craft recipes written in Demotic Greek. The Stockholm papyrus has 154 recipes for dyeing, coloring gemstones, cleaning (purifying) pearls, and imitation gold and silver.[1] Certain of them may derive from the Pseudo-Demikristo. Zosimos of Panopolis, a Greek Alchemist of c. 100 AD, gives similar recipes. Translations of certain of these recipes are found in mediaeval Latin collections of technological recipes, notably the Mappae clavicula.

The Leyden papyrus X derives from the same (or very similar) sources, and is written in a similar (possibly the same) hand.[2] The Stockholm papyrus was found together with the Leyden papyrus X, and Anastasy donated it to Sweden in 1832. It was first published by Otto Lagercrantz in 1913 (Papyrus Graecus Holmiensis). Whereas the Leiden papyrus X deals with metallurgy, the Stockholm papyrus deals with gems, pearls and textile dyeing.[3]


  1. ^ Caley, E. R. (1927) “The Stockholm Papyrus : An English Translation with brief notes” Journal of Chemical Education IV:8 : 979-1002.
  2. ^ "Papyrus Graecus Holmiensis". World Digital Library. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  3. ^ Edmund Lippmann (1919), Entstehung und Ausbreitung der Alchemie, Springer, pp. 1–10 


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