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Starr 050423-6650 Parthenium hysterophorus.jpg
Parthenium hysterophorus
Scientific classification

Type species
Parthenium hysterophorus[2][3]
  • Argyrochaeta Cav.
  • Bolophyta]] Nutt.
  • Echetrosis Phil.
  • Hysterophorus Vaill.
  • Partheniastrum Fabr.
  • Villanova Ortega

Parthenium is a genus of North American shrubs in the sunflower tribe within the daisy family.[4][3]

The name Parthenium is derived from either the Greek word παρθένος (parthenos), meaning "virgin," or παρθένιον (parthenion), an ancient name for a plant.[5]

Parthenium or Gajar Ghans is the most common invasive species in India. Parthenium hysterophorus plant causes milk disease in livestock and also responsible for respiratory malfunction in humans.

Members of the genus are commonly known as feverfew.[6] Notable species include guayule (P. argentatum) which has been used as a rubber substitute, especially during the Second World War;[7] and also P. hysterophorus, a serious invasive species in the Old World.[8]


DC. - Hindi, Congress


In North America, the Jicarilla Apache people used Parthenium incanum for medicine (Opler 1946: 8). The sap of guayule (P. argentatum)


Parthenium hysterophorus in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve


  1. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-12-27 at
  2. ^ lectotype designated by N.L. Britton & A. Brown, Ill. fl. n. U.S., ed. 2. 3: 464 (1913)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Parthenium L.
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 988 in Latin
  5. ^ Strother, John L. "Parthenium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 988. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 426. 1754". Flora of North America. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  6. ^ "Parthenium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  7. ^ Ray, D.T. 1993. Guayule: A source of natural rubber. p. 338-343. In: J. Janick and J.E. Simon (eds.), New crops. Wiley, New York.
  8. ^ "Parthenium hysterophorus (herb)". Global Invasive Species Database. Invasive Species Specialist Group. 2010-10-04. Retrieved 2011-08-09.
  • Everitt, J.H.; Lonard, R.L.; Little, C.R. (2007). Weeds in South Texas and Northern Mexico. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press. ISBN 0-89672-614-2
  • Opler, Morris E. (1946). Childhood and youth in Jicarilla Apache society. Publications of the Frederick Webb Hodge Anniversary Fund (Vol. 5). Los Angeles: The Southwest Museum Administrator of the Fund.