Patrick Ewart Garland
10 April 1935
|Died||19 April 2013 (aged 78)|
|Resting place||Saint Mary's churchyard, Sullington, West Sussex, England|
|Occupation||Actor, director and writer|
|Parent(s)||Ewart James Garland|
Rosalind Beatrice Fell
Garland was educated at St Mary's College, Southampton, and St Edmund Hall, Oxford. where he studied English and was Literary Editor of Isis, President of the Oxford University Poetry Society and President of the Oxford University Dramatic Society. His poetry had appeared in John Lehmann's The London Magazine and the annual PEN anthology during his teens.
Garland started Poetry International in 1967 with Ted Hughes and Charles Osborne. He was a director and producer for the BBC's Music and Arts Department (1962–1974), and worked on its Monitor series. In 1964, he directed the Monitor film, "Down Cemetery Road", about Philip Larkin, in which John Betjeman also appeared. His work with the BBC arts department also included interviews with Noël Coward (1969), Stevie Smith, and Marcel Marceau. His television film of The Snow Goose (1971) won a Golden Globe for "Best Movie made for TV", and was nominated for both a BAFTA and an Emmy.
Meanwhile, his career in the theatre had begun to develop. In 1967 he created a one-man show based on John Aubrey's Brief Lives with Roy Dotrice (and Michael Williams in a later revival) and the following year directed the original production of Alan Bennett's Forty Years On with John Gielgud as the headmaster of a decaying public school called Albion House. In the mid-1970s, the musical Billy, based on Billy Liar, with Michael Crawford in the lead was performed at Drury Lane, He served as the Artistic Director for the Chichester Festival Theatre twice, 1981–1985 and 1990–1994, where he directed over 20 productions. He also raised money to build and open the theatre's second auditorium, the Minerva Theatre, Chichester. He was the only director to have had four plays running in the West End of London at the same time.
In 1978 Patrick directed Under the Greenwood Tree at Salisbury Playhouse. This production transferred to the Vaudeville Theatre in the Strand London West End in the spring of 1979. In 1980, Garland was responsible for the York Mystery Plays. He directed the revival of My Fair Lady on Broadway in the early 1980s with Rex Harrison (about whom he wrote The Incomparable Rex) and Don Giovanni and in Japan, Handel's opera Ottone. He also directed Eileen Atkins in his own adaptation of Virginia Woolf's book A Room of One's Own.
In 2000, he directed Simon Callow in The Mystery of Charles Dickens by Peter Ackroyd, followed by a tour that culminated in Australia and Broadway (the 2012 revival did not directly involve Garland), and Joan Collins in Full Circle by Alan Melville. He also worked with Alan Bennett again, directing Patricia Routledge in the second Talking Heads and Bennett himself in Telling Tales.
He directed the film of Ibsen's A Doll's House (1973) with Claire Bloom, Anthony Hopkins and Ralph Richardson, and his 1971 television film of The Snow Goose won Golden Globe: "Best Movie made for TV" and was nominated for both a BAFTA award and an Emmy. He directed Fanfare for Elizabeth at Covent Garden on Queen Elizabeth II's 60th Birthday, and in 1986 at Westminster Abbey Celebration of a Broadcaster. of the late Richard Dimbleby. 1989 he directed the Thanksgiving Service in Westminster Abbey for Lord Olivier. In 1998 Garland devised 'A Christmas Glory' for the 300th anniversary of St Paul's Cathedral. He has also devised and presented several performances for the Charleston Festival.
Garland was married to the actress Alexandra Bastedo from 1980; the wedding took place at Chichester Cathedral. He was awarded Honorary D Litt at the University of Southampton 1994 and an Honorary Fellow of St Edmund Hall, Oxford in 1997.
Memoirs and archive
Garland had been working on his memoirs, as well as a book about Corsica, which both remained unfinished at the time of his death. It was announced that his memoirs would be completed by Simon Callow. After Garland's death the British Library acquired his archive.
- Brief Lives (1967)
- A Man Whose Disapproval One Would Least Like to Have. A personal memoir of Lord David Cecil, the Goldsmith Professor of English Literature, printed privately 31pp. c.1988
- The Wings of The Morning (1989)
- Oswald The Owl (1990)
- Angels in The Sussex Air (1995), an anthology of Sussex poets
- The Incomparable Rex (1998), a memoir of Rex Harrison. Republished with an introduction by Simon Callow (2019)
- Abstract & Brief Chronicles (2007), a series of essays read by Garland
- The London Magazine (1954)
- New Poems (1954)
- Oxford Poetry, edited by Peter Ferguson and Dennis Keene, Fantasy Press (1957)
- Encounter (February 1986)
- Encounter (September/October 1987)
- Sussex Seams (1996)
- Poetry West
- Light Blue,Dark Blue, published by MacDonald, (1960)
- Englanderzählt, edited by Hilde Speil, published by Fischer, Frankfurt (1960)
- Transatlantic Review "A Lull", (1970), (1971), (1976)
Introductions and articles
- John Clare by Patrick Garland, The London Magazine, Volume 1 No.7. August 1954
- 15 Poems for William Shakespeare, with an introduction by Patrick Garland, John Lehmann, & William Plomer; Eric Walter White, (editor), published by Stratford-upon-Avon: The Trustees & Guardians of Shakespeare's Birthplace (1964)
- 'Poets on Poetry' interviews with W.H. Auden, Seamus Heaney, Douglas Dunn, Patricia Beer and Marvin Cohen, The Listener, 8 November 1973
- Ninette de Valois reminisces to Patrick Garland, The Listener, 20 June 1974
- Alan Bennett talks to Patrick Garland, Vogue, July 1986
- 'An Arundel Tomb' on Philip Larkin's poem, includes: "An Enormous Yes: a Memoir of the Poet" by Patrick Garland, 1987
- These Things also are Spring's, poems by Edward Thomas, selected and with an introduction by Patrick Garland, Folio Society, 1988
- David Cecil: A Portrait by His Friends, edited by Hannah Cranborne, The Dovecote Press, 1990
- Sussex Seams: A Collection of Travel Writing by Paul Foster, foreword by Garland, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 1996
- Chichester and the Arts 1944-2004 – A Celebration edited by Paul Foster, introduction by Garland, University College Chichester, 2004 ISBN 094876581X
- 'Laborious Lobster Nights, Farewell', Charleston Magazine, Issue 22, Autumn/Winter 2000, published by the Charleston Trust
- 'The Habit of Art' by Alan Bennett, theatre programme article: "The Poet Auden" by Garland, Royal National Theatre, 2009
- articles for The Oldie.
Chichester Festival Theatre productions
- The Apple Cart – directed by Garland
- As You Like It – directed by Garland
- Pickwick – directed by Garland
- Pygmalion – directed by Garland
- Chimes at Midnight – directed by Garland
- Minerva Theatre productions at Chichester Festival Theatre
- Vita & Virginia – directed by Garland
- Elvira '40 – directed by Garland
Selected other productions
- The Tremendous Ghost (1964), devised by Garland and Richard Johnson, directed by Garland, Stratford-upon-Avon
- The Rebel (1964), directed by Garland, Aldwych Theatre, Royal Shakespeare Company, with Peter Bowles, William Marlowe, Bryan Pringle, Clive Swift, David Warner.
- The Stiffkey Scandals of 1932, directed by Garland, Traverse Theatre (1967) then Queen’s Theatre (1969), with Charles Lewsen, Annie Ross, Peter Bowles, John Gower
- Cyrano by Edmond Rostand, adapted and directed by Garland, National Theatre Company, Cambridge Theatre (1970)
- Under the Greenwood Tree by Thomas Hardy, adapted by Garland (1970)
- Getting On, Brighton and London (1971)
- Hedda Gabler, Broadway (1971)
- A Doll's House, Broadway (1971)
- John Clare, with Edward Woodward, devised and presented by Garland. Live recording at National Portrait Gallery, London released by Argo Records (UK) (1972)
- Hair, Israel (1972)
- Mad Dog, by Nicholas Salaman with Denholm Elliott and Marianne Faithfull (1973)
- Billy, Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London (1974)
- Murder in the Cathedral by T.S. Eliot, Chichester Cathedral (1977)
- Signed and Sealed, written by Georges Feydeau and Maurice Desvallieres – directed by Garland (1978)
- Shut Your Eyes and Think of England with Donald Sinden (1978)
- Kipling by Brian Clark with Alec McCowen (1985), theatre and Channel 4 television.
- Beecham by Caryl Brahms and Ned Sherrin (1980), with Timothy West
- Eagle in New Mexico by D. H. Lawrence (1980), with Ian McKellen, Paolo Soleri Theatre, Santa Fe, New Mexico USA
- My Fair Lady (1981), Broadway revival with Rex Harrison, directed by Garland; the production won a Tony Award 1980
- Canaries Sometimes Sing by Frederick Lonsdale, Albery Theatre (1986–87)
- The Secret of Sherlock Holmes by Jeremy Paul, with Edward Hardwicke and Jeremy Brett, Wyndham's Theatre (1988–1989)
- Lights Out, created by Garland; performed by Garland, Barbara Leigh-Hunt and Richard Pasco, on the evening of Edward Thomas's birthday in Selborne Church.
- A Song in the Night, the story of John Clare, written by Roger Frith, directed by Garland, starring Freddie Jones in a solo portrayal of the poet John Clare, 1986 Edinburgh Fringe, (1989) Lyric Hammersmith and touring.
- A Room of One's Own by Virginia Woolf adapted by Garland, with Eileen Atkins (1989)
- The Dressmaker by Georges Feydeau, with Ronnie Corbett, Theatre Royal, Bath (1990)
- The Tempest with Denis Quilley as Prospero, Regent's Park Open Air Theatre (1996)
- Your Faithfull Possum, Alan Bennett reading the letters of T.S. Eliot to Virginia Woolf, produced and directed by Garland, Charleston Farmhouse
- An Enormous Yes, with Alan Bates, from the writing of Philip Larkin, adapted and directed by Garland
- Wooing in Absence, performed by Benjamin Whitrow and Natalia Makarova, adapted by Garland from the letters of Lydia Lopokova and John Maynard Keynes, (2000), Charleston Farmhouse, later at Tate Britain
- The Mystery of Charles Dickens by Peter Ackroyd, performed by Simon Callow, premiere at Wiltons Music Hall (2000)
- The Woman in Black, Old Globe, San Diego and Minetta Lane Theatre, New York (2001)
- Christopher Columbus, music by William Walton, words by Louis MacNeice, Brighton Dome, (2002)
- Full Circle, tour with Joan Collins, (2004)
- An Enormous Yes, with Oliver Ford Davies, Orange Tree Theatre, Richmond, (2006)
- Henry Irving and the Victorian Theatre, written by Nicola Lyon, directed by Garland with Roger Braban, Richard Briers, Rowland Davies, Donald Sinden, Penelope Wilton, National Portrait Gallery
- Visiting Mr. Green by Jeff Baron with Warren Mitchell, directed by Garland (2007–8)
- Brief Lives, written and directed by Garland with Roy Dotrice as John Aubrey (2008)
- Dr. Marigold and Mr. Chops by Charles Dickens, performed by Simon Callow at the Edinburgh Festival, 2008 and at Riverside Studios, 2009 – January 2010; adapted and directed by Garland
- Recital with Patricia Routledge of a spiritual anthology (for charity), Sullington, Sussex (2010)
- Dr. Marigold and Mr. Chops by Charles Dickens performed by Simon Callow, tour (2011)
- A Room of One's Own, Patrick Garland's adaptation, read by Eileen Atkins, National Portrait Gallery (2014)
Selected television and film
- 1968 - No Man's Land, written and narrated by Patrick Garland, produced by Tristram Powell. Henry Williamson recalls the first world war, with the war poems of Siegfried Sassoon, BBC television
- 1969 – An Age of Kings, several parts as actor, BBC Television
- 1964 – "Down Cemetery Road", film with Philip Larkin and John Betjeman, Monitor (TV)
- 1965 – Famous Gossips, Alan Badel, Patrick Garland, Alan Bennett
- 1965 – Beginning to End by Samuel Beckett with Jack MacGowran, BBC
- 1969 – The Zoo in Winter, with Jonathan Miller, BBC (TV)
- 1971 – The Stronger (TV) by August Strindberg with Britt Ekland and Marianne Faithfull
- 1971 – The Snow Goose (TV)
- 1973 – A Doll's House (cinema film)
- 1974 – The Cay (TV), with James Earl Jones
- 1976 – Vicar of this Parish (TV, BBC Wales): John Betjeman on the life of Francis Kilvert
- 1980 – "Every Night Something Awful"
- 1980 – "Chaos Supersedes E.N.S.A."
- 1982 – "Call My Bluff", two episodes, as himself
- 1984 – "Kipling" with Alec McCowen, Channel 4
- 1987 – "Laurence Olivier's 80th Birthday Celebrations: What Will Survive of Us is Love" – poetry read by Olivier, directed by Garland
- 1989 – 'Celebrity interview': Bob Holness in conversation with Patrick Garland, LBC
- 1990 – A Room of One's Own (TV)
- 1998 – "Talking Heads 2"; episode "Miss Fozzard Finds Her Feet"
- 2000 – "Telling Tales" by Alan Bennett: episodes directed by Garland – 'Our war'; 'An ideal home'; 'A shy butcher'; 'Days out'; 'Eating out'; 'Unsaid prayers'; 'No mean city'
- 2000 – The Mystery of Charles Dickens (TV)
Television (as writer)
- 1960 – "The Hard Case" with John Hurt
- 1961 – "The Younger Generation"
- 1961 – "Flow Gently Sweet Afton" with John Thaw
- 1968 - "The Highland Jaunt", journey to the Western Islands and Highlands of Scotland in 1773 by Dr. Johnson and Mr. James Boswell , adapted and directed by Patrick Garland, BBC Two
- 1972 – I Spy a Stranger by Jean Rhys, dramatised by Garland
- 1980 – "Every Night Something Awful""
- 1980 – "Chaos Supersedes E.N.S.A."
- broadcasts of poetry read by Garland included Ted Hughes's "The Storm", sub-titled 'from Homer, Odyssey, Book V', commissioned by Anthony Thwaite, broadcast on BBC Radio 3, 1960
- "The War Between Men and Women", compiled by Garland, readers Judi Dench and Michael Williams, 1973
- Quote, Unquote, Garland appeared (as himself) in two episodes in 1979 and in two episodes in 1992, BBC Radio 4
- IWM papers of Captain Ewart Garland
- See "Patrick Garland, Alexandra Bastedo Champions Animal Sanctuary, but other sources date his death from the next day. For example: "Theatre director Patrick Garland dies", telegraph.co.uk, 20 April 2013
- "Patrick Garland, theatre producer and director, dies aged 78". BBC News. 20 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- . St Edmund Hall notable alumni Archived 23 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine.Retrieved 8 January 2014
- The Times Obituary Patrick Garland. Retrieved 22 April 2013
- Anthony Thwaite "", guardian.co.uk, 23 April 2013
- National Portrait Gallery photograph by Lord Snowdon
- The Independent
- Michael Coveney Obituary: Patrick Garland, The Guardian, 22 April 2013
- Garland, Patrick. "Filming with Philip Larkin", The Listener, 12 December 1985
- Obituary: Patrick Garland, telegraph.co.uk, 21 April 2013
- Darren Dalglish "The Mystery of Charles Dickens", London Theatre Archive, 6 September 2000
- Henry Hitchings "The Mystery of Charles Dickens, Playhouse Theatre", Evening Standard, 18 September 2012
-  BBC ref: 1986
- "Patrick Garland to be remembered at Chichester Cathedral". Chichester Observer. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
- Patrick Garland, British Library
- Patrick Garland (1998). The Incomparable Rex: A Memoir of Rex Harrison in the 1980s: the Last of the High Comedians. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-71796-7.
- "Poets on Poetry: Seamus Heaney interviewed by Garland (video clip)". BBC. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Chichester Festival Theatre at Fifty by Kate Mosse, 2012
- Walker, Tim (2008). Two old stagers find vigour in Brief Lives, The Spectator, 2 February 2008.
- Patrick Garland at the Internet Broadway Database
- Patrick Garland at IMDb
- The Snow Goose at IMDb
- Patrick Garland as actor, Theatre Archive, University of Bristol
- Patrick Garland as author, Theatre Collection, University of Bristol
- Patrick Garland as director, Theatre Archive, University of Bristol