Peace Brigades International
||This article needs more links to other articles to help integrate it into the encyclopedia. (April 2013)|
Peace Brigades International (PBI) is a non-governmental organization founded in 1981 which "protects human rights and promotes non-violent transformation of conflicts". It primarily does this by sending international volunteers to areas of conflict, who then provide protective, non-violent accompaniment to human rights defenders threatened by political violence. PBI also facilitates other peace-building initiatives within conflict countries. They are a “nonpartisan” organisation that does not interfere with the affairs of those they accompany.
In 2015, they currently have field projects based in Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico and Nepal.
In 1983, the PBI's first team was sent to Nicaragua during the Contra war. They currently have projects in Colombia (since 1994), Guatemala (since 2003), Honduras (since 2013), Indonesia (new project since 2015), Kenya (since 2013), Mexico (since 1998) and Nepal (Nepal Monitor since 2014). Past PBI project countries include Balkans (1994–2001), El Salvador (1987–1992), Haiti (1995–2000), Indonesia (1999–2011), Guatemala (1983–1999, re-initiated in 2003), Nepal (2005-2013), North America (1992–1999, in Canada and the USA) and Sri Lanka (1989–1998).
PBI is a team-based organization that uses consensus decision making. It is non-hierarchical in structure. There are three different aspects to the overall PBI structure, which are the Country Groups, the Field Projects, and the International Level (which consists of the PBI General Assembly, the International Council (IC), and the International Operations Council (IOC)).
A meeting is held every three years, that is attended by members from across the organization, to analyze and modify the direction of each country's program.
PBI attracts volunteers from diverse backgrounds for its work in the field projects. Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Holland, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States — among many other countries — have all been represented among PBI's volunteer pool. Potential volunteers must be strongly committed to non-violence, and all applicants must attend in-depth training where they learn the philosophy of non-violence, non-violent strategies, and team dynamics. All volunteers must be fluent in Spanish for the Mexican, Guatemalan and Colombian programmes, and all volunteers for the Nepalese program must be fluent in English and have a basic understanding of Nepali. An applicant may not be a citizen of the country they desire to work in, and must be able to make a minimum commitment of one year.
Apart from getting involved in the field projects, there is also the possibility for individuals to be able to volunteer in PBI’s country groups.
- PBI Belgium
- PBI Canada
- PBI France (English) and (French)
- PBI Germany
- PBI Ireland
- PBI Italy
- PBI Netherlands
- PBI Norway (Norwegian)
- PBI Spanish State (Spanish)
- PBI Sweden (Swedish)
- PBI Switzerland (French) and (German)
- PBI United Kingdom
- PBI United States
- PBI Colombia Field Project
- PBI Guatemala Field Project
- PBI Honduras Field Project
- PBI Indonesia Field Project
- PBI Kenya Field Project
- PBI Mexico Field Project
- PBI Nepal Monitor Project
- Mahony, L. & Eguren, L.E., 1997. Unarmed Bodyguards: International Accompaniment for the Protection of Human Rights, West Hartford, Conn: Kumarian Press.
- Moser-Puangsuwan, Y. & Weber, T., 2000. Nonviolent Intervention Across Borders, University of Hawaii Press.
- Clark, H., 2009. People Power: Unarmed Resistance and Global Solidarity, Pluto Press.
- Peace Brigades International: Annual Review 2014