Peggy van Praagh
Dame Margaret "Peggy" van Praagh, DBE (1 September 1910 – 15 January 1990) was a British ballet dancer, choreographer, teacher, repetiteur, producer, advocate and director, who spent much of her later career in Australia.
Peggy van Praagh was born in London and educated at King Alfred School, London. She began dancing very early in London. One review stated: "At last night's concert a dainty extra was a very charming dance by little Peggy van Praagh ... Peggy is only six but she is quite a clever little artiste and is booked again for Saturday's matinee by request."
Van Praagh joined Ballet Rambert in 1933. Later she also danced with Antony Tudor's London Ballet. Van Praagh performed in some of Tudor's ballets such as Jardin aux Lilas (otherwise Lilac Garden), Dark Elegies, Gala Performance, Soirée musicale and The Planets.
In the early years of World War II, she was heavily involved in staging lunch time ballet shows called Ballet for a Bob, which attracted large audiences of civilian and military personnel. In 1941, she was employed by Ninette de Valois largely to teach company classes for Sadler's Wells Ballet, although van Praagh also danced in a number of company productions including Les Patineurs, Comus and Coppelia in which she danced the leading role of Swanilda.
Choreographer and teacher
In 1945, van Praagh became a teacher at the Sadler's Wells Ballet School. She worked there until 1956. During this time she maintained a long, fruitful association with choreographer Antony Tudor. From 1956 until 1960 she undertook freelance teaching and producing in Germany, Canada, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands and the US.
Artistic Director of the Borovansky and Australian Ballet
In 1959, on the recommendation of Ninette de Valois, van Praagh was appointed Artistic Director of the Borovansky Ballet in 1960. Following the demise of the Borovansky Ballet in 1961 and its subsequent reformation as Australian Ballet, she became its founding artistic director in 1962, where she remained until 1974, and was invited back again for the 1978 season. From 1965–1974, van Praagh held the position jointly with Sir Robert Helpmann.
Under van Praagh's direction, the Australian Ballet made the first of many overseas tours, developed a repertoire of ballets that included works from the established international repertoire as well as commissioned works from Australian and overseas choreographers, and hosted guest appearances by a number of notable dancers including Sonia Arova, Erik Bruhn, Dame Margot Fonteyn and Rudolf Nureyev. While with the Australian Ballet, she also nurtured the development of Australian choreographers including Graeme Murphy, Ian Spink, John Meehan and Leigh Warren.
- A company of dancers engaged on annual contracts. Such contracts were heretofore unknown,
- A repertoire of established classics together with the best works by contemporary choreographers, designers and composers
- To present, as guest artists, the worlds best dancers and teachers
- To tour the company internationally
- To establish a national ballet school"
Van Praagh was an advocate for dance education. During her career in Australia, along with Bernard James of the University of New England's continuing education program, she was instrumental in organising a series of summer schools in dance that had a long-lasting influence on dance in Australia. She also helped establish the advocacy body, Ausdance (formerly Australian Association for Dance Education). In 1982, van Praagh was coordinator of dance studies at the Western Australian Academy of Performing Arts, Edith Cowan University, Perth.
She was inducted into the Hall of Fame at the 2000 Australian Dance Awards.
- Peggy van Praagh at AustraliaDancing
- The Australian Ballet: History
- Marilyn Rowe OBE, The Sixth Dame Peggy van Praagh Memorial Lecture, 18 November 2000, Australian Dance Council
- "Dame Peggy van Praagh | British dancer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
- "Founding Dame who set the barre honoured". 2010-06-24. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
- Sexton, Christopher, "Peggy van Praagh – A life of dance", Macmillan, South Melbourne, 1985
- Van Praagh, Margaret (Peggy), How I became a ballet dancer, Nelson, London, 1954
- Van Praagh, Ballet in Australia, Longmans, Melbourne, 1965
- Van Praagh, The arts in Australia – Ballet, Longmans, Melbourne, 1966
- Van Praagh and Peter Brinson, The choreographic art; an outline of its principles and craft, Adam and Charles Black, London, 1963
- Peggy van Praagh Collection in the Australian Archives of the Dance, Performing Arts Collection, Arts Centre Melbourne
- Peggy van Praagh at Australia Dancing
- Address by Peggy van Praagh (at Ausdance site)
- Abe Books
- van Praagh, Margaret (Peggy) (1910–1990) in The Encyclopedia of Women and Leadership in Twentieth-Century Australia