Pennsylvania Route 10
|Maintained by PennDOT|
|Length:||44.041 mi (70.877 km)|
|Existed:||1956 – present|
|South end:||PA 472 in Oxford|
| US 1 near Oxford
PA 896 in Russellville
PA 41 in Cochranville
PA 372 in Parkesburg
US 30 near Parkesburg
PA 340 in Compass
US 322 in Honey Brook
PA 23 in Morgantown
I-76 / Penna Turnpike / I-176 in Morgantown
I-176 in Robeson Township
US 222 Bus. in Reading
|Counties:||Chester, Lancaster, Berks|
Pennsylvania Route 10 (PA 10) is a 44.04-mile-long (70.88 km) state route in southeastern Pennsylvania. Its southern terminus is at PA 472 in Oxford. Its northern terminus is at U.S. Route 222 Business (US 222 Bus.) in Reading. PA 10 is mostly a two-lane undivided road that serves Chester, Lancaster, and Berks counties. The route begins in Oxford and passes through rural areas of western Chester County, serving Cochranville, Parkesburg, Compass, and Honey Brook. The route passes through a small corner of Lancaster County before it enters Berks County and reaches Morgantown, where it interchanges with Interstate 176 (I-176) and the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-76). Between Morgantown and Reading, PA 10 parallels I-176.
The road between Oxford and Reading was originally designated as Legislative Route 274 in 1911. In 1927, this road became a portion of PA 42, which continued north from Reading to northern Pennsylvania. The PA 42 designation was replaced with US 122 in 1935; US 122 ran between Oxford and Reading and continued to Sunbury. In the 1950s, PA 10 replaced the US 122 designation between US 1/PA 472 in Oxford and PA 23 in Morgantown. US 122 was decommissioned in 1963 and PA 10 was extended north along the former alignment between Morgantown and US 222 (now US 222 Bus.) in Reading.
PA 10 begins at an intersection with PA 472 in the center of the borough of Oxford in Chester County. The route heads north on two-lane undivided North Third Street, running concurrent with PA 472 for one block before that route splits to the west. PA 10 continues north through residential areas before heading into areas of businesses as it becomes the border between Lower Oxford Township to the west and Oxford to the east. The route fully enters Lower Oxford Township and becomes Limestone Road, passing northeast through a mix of farms and homes before reaching an interchange with the US 1 freeway. Past this, the road curves to the north and passes to the east of Wyncote Golf Club. PA 10 runs northeast through agricultural areas with some trees and homes and crosses into Upper Oxford Township. The route comes to an intersection with PA 896 in the residential community of Russellville.
A short distance later, the road reaches the western terminus of PA 926. PA 10 continues north-northeast through rural areas and enters West Fallowfield Township. The route runs north through more farmland before it reaches the community of Cochranville, where it turns northeast past homes and businesses and intersects PA 41. Following this intersection, the road heads back into agricultural areas and crosses into Highland Township, curving to the north. PA 10 winds north through farmland with some woods and residences, splitting from Limestone Road and following Octorara Trail. The road passes through wooded areas of hills before it enters the borough of Parkesburg.
Upon entering Parkesburg, the route becomes South Church Street and passes between residential areas to the west and farm fields to the east before intersecting PA 372 in a commercial area. At this point, the road becomes North Church Street and passes under Amtrak's Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line before it runs through woodland with some residential development. PA 10 leaves Parkesburg for Sadsbury Township and becomes Octorara Trail again, running northwest through farmland with some homes. The route turns north along the border between West Sadsbury Township to the west and Sadsbury Township to the east as it intersects US 30 (Lincoln Highway) in a commercial area. The road continues north along the township line through farmland with some residences before heading into forested areas and crossing into West Caln Township. PA 10 winds northeast and then northwest through hilly land before passing some fields and intersecting PA 340 in the community of Compass.
Here, PA 10 briefly runs concurrent with PA 340 on West Kings Highway past homes before splitting northeast along Compass Road. The route runs through a mix of farm fields and woods with some homes, curving to the north. The road enters Honey Brook Township and heads into agricultural areas with some trees and residences. PA 10 crosses into the borough of Honey Brook and heads northeast on Pequea Avenue past homes, intersecting US 322 in the commercial center of the borough. Past this intersection, the route becomes Conestoga Avenue and passes more homes before heading back into Honey Brook Township on Twin County Road. PA 10 runs north-northwest through farmland with some homes before heading northeast onto a small forested hill named Welsh Mountain.
Lancaster and Berks Counties
PA 10 enters Caernarvon Township in Lancaster County and descends the hill into farmland, continuing to the north. The route reaches an intersection with PA 23, at which point it turns northeast for a concurrency along Main Street, a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane, into commercial areas. The road crosses into Caernarvon Township in Berks County and intersects a ramp that heads north to provide access to northbound I-176 and from southbound I-176. The two routes continue into the community of Morgantown as a two-lane road and pass homes. PA 10 splits from PA 23 by turning north onto Morgantown Road, passing to the east of the former Home Furnishings Outlet Mall before coming to a bridge over the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-76). The route turns east and comes to an interchange with I-176 that provides access to the Pennsylvania Turnpike to the south.
Following this, the route becomes the border between the borough of New Morgan to the north and Caernarvon Township to the south before it turns north and fully enters New Morgan, running through forested areas with some development. The road skirts between New Morgan and Caernarvon Township multiple times, running through a mix of fields and woods, before it turns northwest and follows the border between New Morgan to the southwest and Robeson Township to the northeast through forests. PA 10 fully enters Robeson Township and runs through wooded areas with some development prior to turning north and passing farm fields as it reaches the community of Plowville. The route continues north through forested areas with some development a short distance to the east of I-176 and passes through Beckersville before it forms a short concurrency with PA 568 near Green Hills Lake.
Following PA 568, PA 10 comes to ramps providing access to and from the northbound lanes of I-176 in the community of Green Hills before it turns west and passes under the interstate. The route curves north again and passes near commercial development as it enters Cumru Township and comes to ramps providing access to and from the southbound direction of I-176. The road passes through wooded areas with some homes and runs to the west of the Flying Hills Golf Course. Farther north, PA 10 comes to an intersection with PA 724, where that route turns north for a short concurrency before splitting to the east. The route continues north through woodland with some homes and commercial development to the west of the Schuylkill River before it enters the city of Reading. The road passes under Norfolk Southern's Harrisburg Line bypass of the city and passes to the east of industry. PA 10 heads into a mix of residential and commercial areas and turns to the northwest. The route continues west between neighborhoods and businesses to the south and the Schuylkill River Trail and the US 422 freeway to the north before it comes to its northern terminus at an intersection with US 222 Bus. At this intersection, left turns are prohibited from PA 10 northbound to US 222 Bus. southbound.
The portion of present-day PA 10 along Limestone Road was originally a Native American trail. When routes were first legislated in Pennsylvania in 1911, today's PA 10 was designated as Legislative Route 274, running between Legislative Route 131 in Oxford and Legislative Route 148 in Reading. By 1926, the entire length of Legislative Route 274 was paved except between Compass and south of Honey Brook and Honey Brook and Morgantown. In 1927, the road between US 1/PA 12 (now PA 472) in Oxford and US 222/PA 41 (now US 222 Bus.) in Reading was designated as part of PA 42, which continued north from Reading to the New York border in South Waverly. By 1930, the entire length of PA 42 between Oxford and Reading was paved. In April 1935, US 122 replaced the PA 42 designation between Oxford and Reading. US 122 began at US 1/PA 472 in the center of Oxford and continued north to Reading, where it ran along the present-day PA 61 alignment to Sunbury. In the 1950s, the southern terminus of US 122 was cut back to Morgantown, and PA 10 was designated along the former alignment of US 122 between US 1/PA 472 in Oxford and PA 23 in Morgantown. US 122 was decommissioned in 1963, and PA 10 was extended north along the former alignment to US 222 (now US 222 Bus.) in Reading. I-176 was built to parallel PA 10 between Morgantown and Reading in the 1960s.
|Chester||Oxford||0.000||0.000||PA 472 south (Market Street) – Lewisville||Southern terminus, southern terminus of concurrency|
|0.022||0.035||PA 472 north (Lancaster Avenue) – Quarryville||Northern terminus of concurrency|
|Lower Oxford Township||1.690||2.720||US 1 (Kennett Oxford Bypass) – Rising Sun, Kennett Square||Interchange|
|Upper Oxford Township||4.638||7.464||PA 896 (Newark Road) – Octoraro, New London|
|5.131||8.258||PA 926 east (Street Road)||Western terminus of PA 926|
|West Fallowfield Township||8.489||13.662||PA 41 (Gap Newport Pike) – Atglen, Avondale||Village of Cochranville|
|Parkesburg||13.581||21.857||PA 372 (First Avenue) – Parkesburg, Coatesville|
|West Sadsbury Township||15.650||25.186||US 30 (Lincoln Highway) – Lancaster, Coatesville|
|West Caln Township||18.613||29.955||PA 340 east (West Kings Highway) – Wagontown||Southern terminus of concurrency|
|18.761||30.193||PA 340 west (West Kings Highway) – Lancaster||Northern terminus of concurrency|
|Honey Brook||24.585||39.566||US 322 (Horseshoe Pike) – Beartown, Downingtown|
|Lancaster||Caernarvon Township||29.083||46.805||PA 23 west (Main Street) – Lancaster||Southern terminus of concurrency|
|Berks||Caernarvon Township||29.283||47.126||To I-176 north – Green Hills, Reading||I-176 exit 2; Former I-176 routing|
|29.729||47.844||PA 23 east (Main Street) – Elverson||Northern terminus of concurrency|
|30.684||49.381||I-176 to I-76 / Penna Turnpike – Green Hills, Reading||I-176 Exit 1|
|Robeson Township||37.980||61.123||PA 568 east (Green Hills Road) – Gibraltar||Southern terminus of concurrency|
|38.057||61.247||PA 568 west (Kurtz Mill Road) – Knauers, Maple Grove Park||Northern terminus of concurrency|
|38.870||62.555||I-176 – Morgantown, Reading||Exit 7 (I-176)|
|Cumru Township||41.859||67.366||PA 724 west (Philadelphia Avenue) – Shillington||Southern terminus of concurrency|
|41.938||67.493||PA 724 east (Philadelphia Avenue) – Birdsboro||Northern terminus of concurrency|
US 222 Bus. (Lancaster Avenue) – Allentown
|Northern terminus, no left turn from northbound PA 10 to southbound US 222 Bus.|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (January 2015). Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams (Report) (2015 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- Google (January 4, 2015). "Pennsylvania Route 10" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
- Chester County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- Berks County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Futhey, John Smith, Cope, Gilbert (1881). History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches. Louis H. Everts. p. 354. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
- Map of Pennsylvania Showing State Highways (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1911. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
- Pennsylvania Highway Map (eastern side) (Map). Gulf Oil. 1926. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1927. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "State to Change Route Numbers". The Plain Speaker. Hazleton, Pennsylvania. April 18, 1935. p. 12. Retrieved January 13, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1940. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- Official Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
- "State Eliminating Route 14 Designation". Williamsport Sun-Gazette. April 1, 1963. p. 5. Retrieved August 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Berks County Map (Sheet 1) (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1966. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
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