Personal medicine

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Personal medicine is an activity that a person does to obtain wellness, rather than something a person takes (e.g., medication) for wellness.[1]

In the psychiatric setting, personal medicine, or other self-initiated, non-pharmaceutical self-care activities, is used to decrease symptoms, avoid undesirable outcomes such as hospitalization, and improve mood, thoughts, behaviors, and the overall sense of wellbeing.[1]

The phrase "personal medicine" has also been used by the popular press to refer to personalized medicine.[2][3]

Psychiatric Care[edit]

The self-care use of "personal medicine" was first introduced in early 2003 as a result of qualitative research conducted by Patricia E. Deegan through the University of Kansas School of Social Welfare.[1] After interviewing individuals who were taking psychiatric medication as a part of their recovery process, Deegan found that:


Interferences or conflicts between a person's personal medicine and their prescribed medications may result in non-adherence and/or a diminished quality of life.[1] Personal medicine can be integrated with shared decision making within the psychopharmacology consultation to improve adherence.[4] Research by Deegan and Robert E. Drake observed that:


In 2006, Deegan expanded the concept of personal medicine into a software program called CommonGround for use in mental health clinics.[5] Users of CommonGround are encouraged to develop their own unique personal medicines and are reminded of these personal medicines with subsequent use.[6] The software also includes three-minute video vignettes of people talking about their recovery from mental illness and how they achieved it, i.e., gaining wellness via personal medicine.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Deegan, Patricia E. (October 2005). "The importance of personal medicine: A qualitative study of resilience in people with psychiatric disabilities" (PDF). Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Taylor & Francis. 33 (66 suppl): 29–35. doi:10.1080/14034950510033345. ISSN 1403-4948. PMID 16214720. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
  2. ^ "Is there a market for personal medicine?".
  3. ^ "Very Personal Medicine".
  4. ^ a b Deegan, Patricia E.; Drake, Robert E. (November 2006). "Shared Decision Making and Medication Management in the Recovery Process". Psychiatric Services Journal. 57 (11): 1636–1639. doi:10.1176/ PMID 17085613. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
  5. ^ "CommonGround and Personal Medicine".
  6. ^ a b Deegan, Patricia E.; Rapp, Charles; Holter, Mark; Riefer, Melody (June 2008). "Best Practices: A Program to Support Shared Decision Making in an Outpatient Psychiatric Medication Clinic". Psychiatric Services Journal. 59 (6): 603–605. doi:10.1176/ PMID 18511580. Retrieved 2008-10-29.