Peter, 5th Count de Salis-Soglio

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Peter John Fane de Salis, 5th Count de Salis-Soglio (1799-1870).

Peter John Fane de Salis, (5th) Count de Salis-Soglio, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, DL, JP, G.C.J.J., K.R.E. (26 February 1799 – 24 December 1870) was a mercenary soldier and landowner in Middlesex and the Irish counties Limerick and Armagh. He was Bailiff of the English Venerable Order of Saint John of Jerusalem and Grand Prior of the Irish one. He was also an hereditary Knight of the Golden Spur/Eques Auratus and Papal Count Palatine of the Lateran.

Petrus Johannes, Pierre Jean, was born in Marylebone, Westminster 26 February 1799 and died at Acton 24 December 1870 (age 71). Eldest son of Jerome, Count de Salis by his first wife Sophia Drake. William Fane de Salis was a younger half-brother.

Wives and Children[edit]

First wife: Henriette Charlotte de Senarclens de St. Denys de Grancy (1797-1822).[1]
Carte de visite of second wife Cecile, Countess de Salis.
The Count's younger son Pierre (1827–1919) and second wife Agnes Louisa (1837–1916), daughter of Charles La Trobe, in 1875.
His grandson, George Alois, who died of wounds suffered at Custoza in 1866.

He married twice:

  • firstly: 9 February 1821, Henrietta Charlotte (d.10.1822), daughter of Colonel de Senarclens de St. Denys (Baron de Grancy);
  • and secondly: 16 July 1824, Cecile Henrietta Marguerite (1802–1892) daughter of David Bourgeoise of Neuchâtel. She was niece of Henry, Comte de Meuron, Lt. Colonel and Chamberlain to the King of Prussia (as at 1824).[2]

Children by his second wife:

  • John Francis William de Salis, diplomat and numismatist.
  • Peter (22 November 1827 – 27 March 1919), in the Austrian Service and then curator of Neuchâtel's art museum. Peter's only surviving child, Elisabeth Sophie (1880–1967), married Godefroy de Blonay, and became known as Baronne de Blonay.
  • George Alois (1 December 1829 – 22 October 1866), was a captain in the 3rd (Archduke Charles) Lancer Regiment. Mortally wounded (one of 5,650 casualties) at the Battle of Custoza (1866) he was buried in Verona.
  • Anna Sophia Elisabeth, Anna Grafin v. Salis-Soglio, (Neufchatel 28.7.1832–1916). She married (24.9.1858), a cousin, Johann Gaudenz Dietegan (Freiherr) v. Salis-Seewis (Chur 5.12.1825–27.3.1886) of Bothmar, Malans. Son of Johann-Jacob, Fhr. v. Salis-Seewis (Zurich 24.5.1800-Chur 17.7.1881) married (Malans, 6.1.1822) Anna Barbara v. Jenatsch (1800-1856).


After education in London, Edinburgh and Lausanne he was chef-de-Bataillon in the capitulated service of Switzerland (in the Swiss Guards of Louis XVIII and Charles X), in the service of the King of Naples (3eme Régiment Suisse under Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies),[3] a Colonel in the Prussian Service, in the Uxbridge Volunteer Infantry,[4] and a major in the Armagh Militia (1854).

  • 1817 The Fleur de Lys, Paris.
  • 1820 (Knight commander of the Princely) Chevalier de l'Ordre du Phoenix de Hohenlohe.
  • 18xx Chevalier Grand Croix de l'Ordre Imperial Asiatique de Morale Universalle[3] (it ran between 6 July 1835 – 1851, created by or for Mongol Sultan Alinea d'Eldir, possibly mythical).
  • 18xx Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem.[3]
  • 18xx Commandeur Baron de l'Ordre Noble d'Epire.[3]
  • 1823, 1826, 1832, 1834, & 1835: Landammann of Stalla/Bivio.
  • 18xx Knight of the Royal and Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour of France (Bourbon creation).
  • 1831 Knight Royal Order of the Red Eagle (Prussian) (third class).[5]
  • 1832 Medal of the King of Prussia (for helping the suppression of the Insurrection of Neufchâtel).[3]
  • His father dies, Middlesex, October 1836.
  • September 1837 'Count Peter De Salis, of Hillingdon' became Commandant of The Volunteer Infantry, of Uxbridge.
  • 20 July 1844[3] (or 1843) admitted a Knight (Honour and Devotion/Croce d'Or Devozio) of St. John of Jerusalem, Roman branch.
  • 1859, election into the English langue of the Sovereign Order of Malta. Capitular Bailiff of the English Langue and Grand Prior of Ireland of the Order by 1868. At that time the other two capitular bailiffs were his Tandragee neighbour Duke of Manchester, the Grand-Prior of England, and the 2nd Lord Leigh of Stoneleigh, who was the Bailiff of Aquila.

From 1832 he was Deputy Lieutenant of County Armagh. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff of Limerick in 1849. Four years later, 1853, he was nominated High Sheriff of Armagh.[6]

  • JP for Middlesex & Westminster.
A view in Ballylisk. Ballylisk House is, in 2013, home to a cooking school.
  • 1855 resident at Ballyknock Cottage, near Tandragee, Co. Armagh (Burke's Peerage, 1855).
  • 1861 census the Count was boarding in Acton, west London, and was described as magistrate and landowner.
  • 1865: Peter John Fane de Salis, of Tandaragee, Co. Armagh, was listed as living at Tandragee and at Turnham Green, Middlesex (Walford's County Families, 1865).
  • 1868: Listed by Bigsby in 1868 as at Ballylisk House, near Tanderagee; St. John's Villa, Acton; and Hillingdon Place, Uxbridge.[3]

He was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery.


Some of De Salis's ancestors
Peter John de Salis
Jerome, Count De Salis

Peter, Count de Salis

Jerome, Count de Salis

Hon. Mary Fane, daughter of 1st Lord Fane.

Anna v. Salis-Soglio

Giovanni v. Salis-Soglio (1707–1790).

Katherina Barbara (1711–1788), daughter of Rudolfo v. Salis-Soglio (1652–1735).

Sohia Drake. They married in 1797.

Vice Admiral Francis William Drake (d.1787). Admiral of the Blue, then Red, then White. Brother of Sir Francis Henry Drake, 5th Bt. (d.1792). Brothers-in-law of Lord Heathfield.

Sir Francis Henry Drake, 4th Bt., MP (d.1739/40). Descendant of Francis Drake.

Anne Heathcote (buried Hackney 5 Nov 1768), daughter of Samuel Heathcote. Sister of Sir William Heathcote, 1st Bt.

Elizabeth Heathcote (d.1797). A first cousin of her husband.

Sir William Heathcote, 1st Bt., of Hursley, Hampshire (1693–1751).

Elizabeth Parker, (d.1746/7), dau of Thomas Parker, Earl of Macclesfield.


Son-in-law: J. G. D. v. Salis, Freiherr v. Salis-Seewis, of Malans.
  1. ^
  2. ^ See Charles-Daniel de Meuron, Regiment de Meuron and Guards Rifles Battalion
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Memoir of the Illustrious and Sovereign Order of St. John of Jerusalem, from the capitulation of Malta in 1798 to the present period...and presenting a more detailed account of its sixth or British Branch as re-organised in 1831, by Robert Bigsby, Derby, 1869. (Pages 152–155).
  4. ^ Commission signed by the Lord Lieutenant of the County of Middlesex. Loyal Uxbridge Volunteers. Count Peter Fane De Salis to be Captain Commandant, vice Riches, resigned. Dated 13th September 1837.
  5. ^ Whitehall, July 21, 1842. The Queen has been pleased to grant unto Peter-John Fane-de-Salis, Count de Salis, Her royal licence and permission, that he may accept and wear the insignia, of the third class, of the Royal Prussian Order of the Red Eagle, which His Majesty the King of Prussia hath been pleased to confer upon him, in testimony of His Majesty's approbation of his conduct while in the actual service of his Majesty during the insurrection at Neufchatel, in the year 1831; and that he may enjoy all the rights and privileges thereunto annexed; provided, nevertheless, that Her Majesty's said licence and permission doth not authorize the assumption of any style, appellation, rank, precedence, or privilege appertaining unto a Knight Bachelor of these realms : And also to command, that Her Majesty's said concession and especial mark of Her royal favour be registered, together with the relative documents, in Her Majesty's College of Arms.
  6. ^ "High Sheriffs 1714–1857". Newry and Louth Advertiser. 10 August 1857. 


  • Quadrennial di Fano Saliceorum, volume one, by R. de Salis, London, 2003.
  • De Salis Family : English Branch, by Rachel Fane De Salis, Henley-on-Thames, 1934.
  • Burke's Irish Family Records, ed. Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, Burke's Peerage Ltd, London, 1976.
  • A genealogical and heraldic History of the Colonial Gentry, by Sir (John) Bernard Burke, CB, LLD, vol. 2, London, 1895/1899 (pages 574–77).
  • Burke's Peerage, Foreign Noblemen / Foreign Titles sections: 1851, 1936, 1956, etc.
  • Debrett's Peerage, Foreign Titles section, 1920, etc.
  • Der Grafliche Hauser, Band XI [volume 11], Genealogisches Handbuch Des Adels, C. A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn, 1983 (pps 331–356).
  • The Family and Heirs of Sir Francis Drake, by Lady Eliott-Drake, Smith, Elder & Co, 2 vols, London, 1911.
  • Memoir of the Illustrious and Sovereign Order of St. John of Jerusalem, from the capitulation of Malta in 1798 to the present period...and presenting a more detailed account of its sixth or British Branch as re-organised in 1831, by Robert Bigsby, Derby, 1869. (Pages 152–155).
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jerome, 4th Count de Salis
Count de Salis-Soglio
Succeeded by
John Francis William, 6th Count de Salis

Further reading[edit]

  • Mullavilly - Portrait of an Ulster Parish, by Brett Hannam, Lulu, 2010.