Pewsey

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Pewsey
Pewsey, The High Street - geograph.org.uk - 1400395.jpg
High Street, Pewsey
Pewsey is located in Wiltshire
Pewsey
Pewsey
Location within Wiltshire
Population3,634 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU1660
Civil parish
  • Pewsey
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPewsey
Postcode districtSN9
Dialling code01672
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
WebsiteParish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°20′20″N 1°45′54″W / 51.339°N 1.765°W / 51.339; -1.765Coordinates: 51°20′20″N 1°45′54″W / 51.339°N 1.765°W / 51.339; -1.765

Pewsey is a large village and civil parish at the centre of the Vale of Pewsey in Wiltshire, about 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Marlborough and 71 miles (114 km) west of London. It is within reach of the M4 motorway and the A303 and is served by Pewsey railway station on the London to Taunton line.

The parish includes these small settlements:

  • Kepnal – east of the village, south of the Burbage road
  • Pewsey Wharf – north, where the A345 crosses the Kennet and Avon canal
  • Sharcott – west, by the Avon; marked on some maps as East Sharcott as distinct from West Sharcott, a short distance downstream in Manningford parish
  • Southcott – close to the southeast of the village.

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations on Pewsey Hill show evidence of a settlement in the 6th century. In the Tudor era, the Manor of Pewsey belonged to the Duchess of Somerset. Several of the village's houses were built in this era: the timber framed cruck house at Ball Corner, Bridge Cottage on the Avon and the Court House by the Church.

In 1764, the founder of the Methodist movement John Wesley (1703–1791) preached at Pewsey's Church of England parish church. The rector at that time, Joseph Townsend, was responsible for the building of Pewsey's first bridge over the River Avon.

The Kennet and Avon Canal reached Pewsey in 1810. Of more lasting effect for the village was the completion of the Hungerford to Devizes section of the GWR's Berks & Hants line in 1862, which allowed fast travel to London and to the West Country. Since 1906, the line at Pewsey has been part of the Reading to Taunton line, a more direct route via Westbury to the West Country.[2]

In 1898 Pewsey Carnival was first held, a tradition that flourishes today with a fortnight of events, including The Feaste, culminating in an illuminated procession in mid to late September.[3]

A prominent statue of King Alfred the Great, the former Anglo Saxon King of Wessex and a local landowner, stands in the middle of the village.

Pewsey White Horse[edit]

The Pewsey White Horse from a distance

The Pewsey White Horse hill figure is located on a steep slope of Pewsey Hill about a mile south of the village, and can be viewed from several places in the surrounding area. It was cut in 1937 and is one of the smaller Wiltshire white horses. It replaces an earlier one which was possibly cut in 1785.

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. The ward starts in the west at Pewsey and stretches east to Easton Royal. The total population of the ward at the 2011 census was 4,649.[4]

Education[edit]

Pewsey Vale School is a state secondary school, without a sixth form.

Pewsey has a state Primary Academy, Pewsey Primary School. It appeared in the 100 Most Improved Schools table for its 2013 results and its 2014 results put it in the top 100 schools nationally.[5] An Ofsted inspection in 2012 rated the school as 'good' and this was confirmed by a short inspection in 2017.[6]

St. Francis School, an independent preparatory school, is just outside the village.

Churches[edit]

Parish church[edit]

St John the Baptist

The parish church of St John the Baptist stands next to the main road in the south of the village and is built in flint and sarsen with limestone dressings.

A church at Pewsey was recorded in Domesday Book of 1086.[7] The present building has work from the late 12th or early 13th centuries in the four-bay arcades,[8] on foundations of large sarsens;[9] Pevsner suggests the arches were cut through the walls of an earlier building.[10] The plain font bowl is also from the 12th century.[9] The chancel was rebuilt in the late 13th or early 14th, the clerestory added in the late 14th or early 15th,[8] and the ashlar west tower added in the 16th.[11]

In 1861 G.E. Street largely rebuilt the chancel and added the south chapel,[11] reusing early windows from the chancel, and restoration in 1889-90 by C.E. Ponting included the addition of the north porch.[9]

The tower has six bells, the oldest cast in 1620 by Purdue of Salisbury; two others from the 18th century are by Rudhall of Gloucester.[12] On the outside of the tower's east wall hangs a sanctus bell cast by James Burrough of Devizes in 1754.[11]

The church was recorded as Grade I listed in 1964.[9] Today the church is central to the Vale of Pewsey Team, which includes many rural parishes around Pewsey.[13]

Others[edit]

Wesleyan Methodist Church, Pewsey

A Methodist chapel was built in 1873 and became a church in 1932.[14]

The Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Family was built in 1964.[15]

Amenities[edit]

The Greyhound Inn, Pewsey

Pewsey has a post office, a petrol station, and a Co-op supermarket. The village has one restaurant/wine bar and five pubs (the Royal Oak, the Crown Inn, the Moonrakers, the Coopers Arms, and The Shed Alehouse micropub[16]). At Pewsey Wharf, north of the village, is the Waterfront bar and bistro.

Pewsey Sports Centre, run by Wiltshire Council, is next to Pewsey Vale School. Its facilities include a 25m heated indoor swimming pool, squash courts and a large multi-sport hall.

Jones's Mill is a wetland nature reserve by the Avon. Pewsey is connected to London Paddington via its railway station, a short walk from the village centre.

Notable residents[edit]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Pewsey has two rugby teams and a junior club. For the 2017/18 season, Pewsey Vale 1st XV plays in the SSE South West Division, Dorset & Wilts 1 North League. PVRFC have a joint second team called Alfred's Nomads, shared with Marlborough RFC; they play in Dorset and Wilts 3 North.

Pewsey has a Non-League football team Pewsey Vale F.C. who play at The Recreation Ground. In July 2014 Pewsey Vale Youth FC was awarded 'FA Chartered Standard' Club of the year by the Wiltshire Football Association.

Wiltshire Council run Pewsey Leisure Centre which is next to Pewsey Vale School. Its amenities include a 25m heated indoor swimming pool (used for swimming, float play, kayaking and snorkelling), squash courts and a multi-sport hall (used for badminton, indoor cricket/football/rugby, basketball, volleyball, circuit training, archery and martial arts (judo, taekwondo and kung fu)).

Pewsey has a running club. A Bowls Club is next to the Tennis club. A swimming pool and gym offer a range of courses including spinning and aqua-aerobics.

Pewsey Music Festival, established in 2007, is a celebration of live music held each August in Cooper's Field, behind the Cooper's Arms pub.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  2. ^ Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press. pp. 101–103. ISBN 1904349331.
  3. ^ "Pewsey & District Feast & Carnival". PADFAC. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Ward population 2011". UKCensusdata.com. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Primary school league tables: Best results". News – Education. BBC. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Short inspection of Pewsey Primary School". Ofsted. February 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  7. ^ Pewsey in the Domesday Book
  8. ^ a b "St John the Baptist, Pewsey, Wiltshire". Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture. King's College London. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Church of St. John the Baptist (1035703)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  10. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 368–370. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
  11. ^ a b c Baggs, A P; Freeman, J; Smith, C; Stevenson, J H; Williamson, E (1999). Crowley, D.A. (ed.). "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 16: Kinwardstone Hundred: Pewsey". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Pewsey, S John Bapt". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Pewsey - St John the Baptist". The Vale of Pewsey Team. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Methodist Church, Pewsey". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Family, Pewsey". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  16. ^ Hicks, Amber (23 July 2015). "Warm welcome for Pewsey's new micropub". The Wiltshire Gazette and Herald. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  17. ^ Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive, Stephen Duck (1705?-1756) retrieved December 2017
  18. ^ Marjorie Findlay, 'Gilbert, Joseph (1800–1881)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University retrieved December 2017
  19. ^ A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge, Carter, Francis Edward retrieved December 2017
  20. ^ Liddell Hart Military Archives|The Collection|YOUNG, Maj Gen Peter George Francis (1912-1976) retrieved December 2017
  21. ^ IMDb Database retrieved December 2017
  22. ^ University of Liverpool, Department of Physics, Our Staff, Tara Shears retrieved December 2017
  23. ^ Soccerbase Database retrieved December 2017
  24. ^ BBC Sport, Winter Sports, 27 September 2014 retrieved December 2017
  25. ^ "Pewsey Music Festival". Retrieved 28 March 2015.

External links[edit]