Philadelphia City Council

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Philadelphia City Council
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Darrell L. Clarke, Democratic
since January 2, 2012
Majority Leader
Curtis J. Jones, Jr., Democratic
since January 6, 2020
Minority Leader
Structure
Seats17
Philadelphia City Council 2022.svg
Political groups
Majority
  •   Democratic (12)

Minority

Elections
Last election
November 5, 2019
Next election
November 7, 2023
Meeting place
Philadelphia-CityHall-2006.jpg
Philadelphia City Hall
Website
City Council Website
City Hall from postcard, c. 1900
Districts map of the council from the 2015 election until terms end in 2024
(Interactive version)

The Philadelphia City Council, the legislative body of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, consists of ten members elected by district and seven members elected at-large. The council president is elected by the members from among their number. Each member's term is four years, and there are no limits on the number of terms a member may serve.

History[edit]

While William Penn's original 1691 charter for the city of Philadelphia included a "common council," no records exist of this body ever having been convened. Its successor, the Proprietor's Charter of 1701, constituted the city as a municipal corporation with a non-elected council made up of major city officials who selected their own successors. The colonial city government was abolished during the American Revolution and replaced in 1789 with an elected council including fifteen aldermen and thirty common councillors; these then elected a mayor and recorder who also were members of the council. In 1796, a bicameral city council was created including a 20-member Common Council and 12-member Select Council; the sizes of both bodies increased with the population of the city, peaking at 149 members of Common Council and 41 in Select Council, the largest municipal legislature in the US. It was replaced with a single 21-member chamber in 1919, which remained in effect until the adoption of a Home Rule charter in 1951.[1][2]

Composition and term[edit]

The 1951 Home Rule Charter established the council as the legislative arm of Philadelphia municipal government, consisting of seventeen members. Ten council members are elected by district and seven from the city at large. At-large council members are elected using limited voting with limited nomination in which voters may only select five candidates on the ballot, and which guarantees that two minority-party or independent candidates are elected.[3] Each is elected for a term of four years with no limit on the number of terms that may be served.[4]

The members of City Council elect from among themselves a president, who serves as the regular chairperson of council meetings. In consultation with the majority of council members, the President appoints members to the various standing committees of the council. The president is also responsible for selecting and overseeing most Council employees.[5]

Legislative process[edit]

Every proposed ordinance is in the form of a bill introduced by a Council member. Before a bill can be enacted, it must be referred by the president of the council to an appropriate standing committee, considered at a public hearing and public meeting, reported out by the committee, printed as reported by the committee, distributed to the members of the council, and made available to the public. Passage of a bill requires the favorable vote of a majority of all members. A bill becomes law upon the approval of the mayor. If the mayor vetoes a bill, the council may override the veto by a two-thirds vote.[4]

Under the rules of the council, regular public sessions are held weekly, usually on Thursday morning at 10:00am, in Room 400, City Hall. Council normally breaks for the summer months of July and August.

Gerrymandering[edit]

In a 2006 computer study of local and state legislative districts, two of the city's ten council districts, the 5th and the 7th, were found to be among the least compact districts in the nation, giving rise to suspicions of gerrymandering.[6] The Committee of Seventy, a non-partisan watchdog group for local elections, asked candidates for council in 2007 to support a list of ethics statements, including a call for fair redistricting, which should take place after the 2010 United States Census.[7] In 2011, the council approved a redistricting map with more compact boundaries, eliminating the gerrymandered borders of the 5th and 7th districts; it took effect for the 2015 elections.[8]

City council members[edit]

As of August 15, 2022:

District Name Took Office Party
1 Mark Squilla 2012 Dem
2 Kenyatta Johnson 2012 Dem
3 Jamie Gauthier 2020 Dem
4 Curtis J. Jones Jr., Majority Leader 2008 Dem
5 Darrell L. Clarke, Council President 1999 Dem
6 Michael Driscoll 2022 Dem
7 Quetcy Lozada 2022 Dem
8 Cindy Bass 2012 Dem
9 Anthony Phillps 2022 Dem
10 Brian J. O'Neill, Minority Leader 1980 Rep
At-Large David Oh 2012 Rep
At-Large Jim Harrity 2022 Dem
At-Large Sharon Vaughn 2022 Dem
At-Large Vacant
At-Large Kendra Brooks 2020 WFP
At-Large Katherine Gilmore Richardson 2020 Dem
At-Large Isaiah Thomas 2020 Dem

Presidents of the City Council[edit]

President Term Term End Political party
James A. Finnegan January 1, 1951 (1951-01-01) January 14, 1955 (1955-01-14) Democratic
James Hugh Joseph Tate January 20, 1955 (1955-01-20) January 6, 1964 (1964-01-06) Democratic
Paul D’Ortona January 6, 1964 (1964-01-06) January 3, 1972 (1972-01-03) Democratic[9]
George X. Schwartz January 3, 1972 (1972-01-03) May 29, 1980 (1980-05-29) Democratic
Joseph E. Coleman October 30, 1980 (1980-10-30) January 6, 1992 (1992-01-06) Democratic
John F. Street January 6, 1992 (1992-01-06) December 31, 1998 (1998-12-31) Democratic
Anna C. Verna January 14, 1999 (1999-01-14) December 15, 2011 (2011-12-15) Democratic
Darrell L. Clarke January 2, 2012 (2012-01-02) Incumbent Democratic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fairley, John Archibald (1904). American Municipal Councils.
  2. ^ "City Council". Philadelphia Department of Records. November 8, 2000.
  3. ^ Marin, Max (August 1, 2019). "Independents are on the rise in Philly. Could they actually win a City Council seat?". Billy Penn. WHYY. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "About PHL Council". Philadelphia City Council. November 17, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  5. ^ "Rules of the Council of the City of Philadelphia" (PDF). Philadelphia City Council. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  6. ^ "The Gerrymandering Index: Using geospatial analysis to measure relative compactness of electoral districts" (PDF). Azavea. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 7, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  7. ^ "City Council Ethics Agenda". Committee of Seventy. Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
  8. ^ Graham, Troy (September 23, 2011). "Philadelphia Council approves redistricting map". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  9. ^ "Paul D'Ortona, 88, Philadelphia Official". New York Times. October 20, 1992. Retrieved April 21, 2012.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]