Raorchestes tuberohumerus

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Raorchestes tuberohumerus
Raorchestes tuberohumerus.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Rhacophoridae
Genus: Raorchestes
Species: R. tuberohumerus
Binomial name
Raorchestes tuberohumerus
(Kuramoto & Joshy, 2003)

Philautus tuberohumerus Kuramoto & Joshy, 2003

Raorchestes tuberohumerus (Kudremukh bush frog or knob handed shrub frog) is a species of frog in the Rhacophoridae family. It is endemic to the Western Ghats, India, where it is found in Karnataka and Kerala states.[2]


This small sized shrub frog (male snout-vent length 22–19 mm (0.87–0.75 in)) is diagnosed by the following combination of characters: Snout sub elliptical in shape; iris golden brown; the humerus bone slightly projects on the ventral region near shoulders; light grey dorsum with spinular projections and prominent yellow patches with brown on the groin region.[3][4]

Ecology and Natural History[edit]

Raorchestes tuberohumerus are seen on shrubs in forests, plantations, home gardens and road side vegetation between 500 to 1500 m elevation. They are known to face down towards ground and vocalize on dead leaves on shrubs.[4]

Current known localities[edit]

Wayanad, Muthanga, Madikeri, Kudremukh, Agumbe, Jog, Kempholey, Anashi, Sakleshpur


  1. ^ Das, I. (2009). "Raorchestes parvulus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Raorchestes tuberohumerus (Kuramoto and Joshy, 2003)". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 9 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Biju, S. D.; Bossuyt, F. (2009). "Systematics and phylogeny of Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Anura, Rhacophoridae) in the Western Ghats of India, with descriptions of 12 new species". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 155 (2): 374–444. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00466.x. 
  4. ^ a b Gururaja, K. V. "Pictorial Guide to Frogs and Toads of Western Ghats." "Gubbi Labs". 2012.

External links[edit]