Phra Samut Chedi District

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Phra Samut Chedi

District location in Samut Prakan Province
District location in Samut Prakan Province
Coordinates: 13°34′7″N 100°33′42″E / 13.56861°N 100.56167°E / 13.56861; 100.56167Coordinates: 13°34′7″N 100°33′42″E / 13.56861°N 100.56167°E / 13.56861; 100.56167
ProvinceSamut Prakan
SeatLaem Fa Pha
 • Total120.378 km2 (46.478 sq mi)
 • Total138,670
 • Density1,151.95/km2 (2,983.5/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code10290

Phra Samut Chedi District (Thai: พระสมุทรเจดีย์, pronounced [pʰráʔ sā.mút t͡ɕēː.dīː]) is the westernmost district (amphoe) of Samut Prakan Province in central Thailand.


Neighboring districts are (from the west, clockwise) Bang Khun Thian and Thung Khru of Bangkok, Phra Pradaeng and (across the Chao Phraya River) Mueang Samut Prakan of Samut Prakan Province.


The district was created as a minor district (king amphoe) on 15 December 1984 by splitting off five tambons from Mueang District.[1] It was upgraded to a full district on 15 July 1991.[2]


The district is divided into five sub-districts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 42 villages (mubans). There are two townships (thesaban tambons): Phra Samut Chedi covers tambon Pak Klong Bang Pla Kot, and Lae Fa Pha covers parts of tambons Laem Fa Pha and Nai Khlong Bang Pla Kot. There are a further four tambon administrative organizations (TAO), for each tambon except Pak Klong Bang Pla Kot, which has no non-municipal area.

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.
1. Na Kluea นาเกลือ 8 11,625
2. Ban Khlong Suan บ้านคลองสวน 4 24,752
3. Laem Fa Pha แหลมฟ้าผ่า 13 19,117
4. Pak Khlong Bang Pla Kot  ปากคลองบางปลากด  4 12,819
5. Nai Khlong Bang Pla Kot ในคลองบางปลากด 13 70,357


The district's coastline has seen severe erosion since the 1990s. Coastal mangrove forests were destroyed then and replaced with shrimp farms. Three to five metres of shoreline has been submerged every year since then, resulting in the loss of 4,000 rai of land to the sea.[3]

Thailand lost almost one third of its coastal mangrove forests between 1961 and 2000. According to Thailand's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, a quarter of the country's shores—about 700 kilometres (500 miles)—are eroding, some "severely".[4]


Wat Phra Samut Chedi

The district is named after the temple Phra Samut Chedi, which was built 1827–1828 by King Buddha Loetla Nabhalai (Rama II) on an island in the Chao Phraya River—hence its popular name Phra Chedi Klang Nam ('chedi in the middle of the water'). The island is now connected with the left river bank.

At the mouth of the Chao Phraya is Chulachomklao Fort, built in 1819 and came into use only once during the Paknam crisis in the same year. The fort is now accessible to visitors. The HTMS Maeklong, a former training ship of the Royal Thai Navy, is another attraction in the park.[5]


  1. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง แบ่งเขตท้องที่อำเภอเมืองสมุทรปราการ จังหวัดสมุทรปราการ ตั้งเป็นกิ่งอำเภอพระสมุทรเจดีย์ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 102 (1 ง): 31. January 1, 1985.
  2. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาตั้งอำเภอทุ่งตะโก อำเภอพะโต๊ะ อำเภอเขาค้อ อำเภอน้ำหนาว อำเภอวังจันทร์ อำเภอนาด้วง อำเภอเต่างอย อำเภอสิงหนคร อำเภอพระสมุทรเจดีย์ และอำเภอลำดวน พ.ศ. ๒๕๓๔ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 108 (107 ก Special): 29–33. June 19, 1991.
  3. ^ Wipatayotin, Apinya (10 December 2017). "Shoring up defences" (in Spectrum). Bangkok Post. 10 (50). Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Against the tide: Thai 'floating temple' defies coastal erosion". The Nation. Agence France-Presse. 2019-04-08. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  5. ^ "Phra Chulachomklao". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 10 December 2017.

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