Pierre Dupong

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Pierre Dupong
Pierre Dupong, Benelux conference The Hague March 1949, Luxembourg Delegation.jpg
16th Prime Minister of Luxembourg
In office
5 November 1937 – 23 December 1953
MonarchCharlotte
Preceded byJoseph Bech
Succeeded byJoseph Bech
Personal details
Born1 November 1885
Heisdorf, Luxembourg
Died23 December 1953 (aged 68)
Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Political partyParty of the Right
(−1944)
Christian Social People's Party
(1944–1953)
Spouse(s)Sophie Dupong

Pierre Dupong (1 November 1885 – 23 December 1953)[1] was a Luxembourgish politician and statesman. He was the 16th Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for seventeen years, from 5 November 1937 until his death, on 23 December 1953, and was also responsible at different times for the ministries of finance, the army, agriculture, labour and social matters. He founded the Christian Social People's Party (CSV) as the main conservative party after the Second World War, having been a founding member of the Party of the Right (PD) in 1914.

He was one of the founding members in 1914 of the Party of the Right,[1] and was elected to the legislature in 1915.[1] From 1926 he was 1937 Director-General for Finance, and in 1936 and 1937 also Minister for Social Security and Labor.

His first government was the Dupong-Krier Ministry (1937–1940). Between 1940 and 1944, Dupong then led the Luxembourgish government-in-exile, after Luxembourg had been occupied by Nazi Germany. He fled the country along with the rest of the Luxembourg government and the Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg, settling in France. Once in Bordeaux, they were granted transit visas from the Portuguese consul Aristides de Sousa Mendes, in June 1940.[2] Pierre Dupong, along with his wife Sophie, and their children Marie Thérèse, Lambert Henri, Henriette and Jean, followed the Grand Ducal family through Coimbra and Lisbon, settling at Praia das Maçãs after the Grand Ducal family had moved to Cascais.[3][4] By August, the entire entourage had moved to Monte Estoril. The Dupong couple stayed at Chalet Posser de Andrade until 26 September 1940, while their children remained there until 2 October 1940. On 26 September, the couple boarded the S.S. Excalibur headed for New York City, arriving on 5 October 1940.[5] Georgette and Betty Bech, the wife and daughter of Joseph Bech, the Foreign Minister of the Luxembourg government-in-exile, traveled with them.

He then presided over the Liberation Government, the National Union Government, and the Dupong-Schaus and the Dupong-Bodson governments. He is also notable for sending Luxembourgish soldiers in the UN mission during the Korean War, as part of the Belgian United Nations Command.

He was the father of Jean Dupong, who became a minister and CSV deputy himself.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thewes, Guy. "Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché depuis 1848." Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Service information et presse. Luxembourg: Imprimerie Centrale, 2011.
  2. ^ Sousa Mendes Foundation - Bech/Bodson/Dupong/Elvinger/Krier families.
  3. ^ Ramalho, Margarida de Magalhães (23 May 2019). "A fuga para a liberdade da família grã-ducal". Contacto (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  4. ^ Exiles Memorial Center.
  5. ^ Ellis Island Passenger Registration Records.
Political offices
Preceded by
Guillaume Leidenbach
Minister for Finances
1926–1953
Succeeded by
Pierre Werner
Preceded by
Joseph Bech
Prime Minister of Luxembourg
1937–1953
Succeeded by
Joseph Bech
Preceded by
New office
Minister for Defence
1st time

1937–1947
Succeeded by
Lambert Schaus
Preceded by
Lambert Schaus
Minister for Defence
2nd time

1948–1951
Succeeded by
Joseph Bech