Polyporaceae

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Polyporaceae
Polyporus squamosus Molter.jpg
Dryad's saddle (Cerioporus squamosus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Polyporales
Family: Polyporaceae
Fr. ex Corda (1839)[1]
Type genus
Polyporus
P.Micheli ex Adans. (1763)
Synonyms[2]
  • Ganodermataceae (Donk) Donk (1948)
  • Coriolaceae Singer (1961)
  • Cryptoporaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Echinochaetaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Fomitaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Grammotheleaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Haddowiaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Microporaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Pachykytosporaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Perenniporiaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Sparsitubaceae Jülich (1981)
  • Lophariaceae Boidin, Mugnier & Canales (1998)
  • Trametaceae Boidin, Mugnier & Canales (1998)

The Polyporaceae are a family of poroid fungi belonging to the Basidiomycota. The flesh of their fruit bodies varies from soft (as in the case of the dryad's saddle illustrated) to very tough. Most members of this family have their hymenium (fertile layer) in vertical pores on the underside of the caps, but some of them have gills (e.g. Panus) or gill-like structures (such as Daedaleopsis, whose elongated pores form a corky labyrinth). Many species are brackets, but others have a definite stipe – for example, Polyporus badius.

Most of these fungi have white spore powder but members of the genus Abundisporus have colored spores and produce yellowish spore prints. Cystidia are absent.

Taxonomy[edit]

In his 1838 work Epicrisis Systematis Mycologici seu Synopsis Hymenomycetum, Elias Magnus Fries introduced the "Polyporei".[3] August Corda published the name validly the following year, retaining Fries's concept.[1] American mycologist William Alphonso Murrill, in a series of publications in the early 1900s, classified the polypores into a more organized family of 78 genera, including 29 that were monotypic, and 39 that were new to science.[4] Around the same time as Murrill, Curtis Gates Lloyd devoted considerable effort in sorting polypore taxonomy, and amassed a large and diverse collection of fruit bodies from around the world.[5] In his 1953 monograph The Polyporaceae of the European U.S.S.R. and Caucasia, Apollinarii Semenovich Bondartsev included 54 genera in the Polyporaceae, which he further divided into five subfamilies and 10 tribes.[6] Several works contributing to the systematics of the Polyporaceae were published in the following decades, including Marinus Anton Donk (1960, 1964),[7][8] Gordon Heriot Cunningham (1965),[9] and David Pegler (1973).[10]

Genera[edit]

As of April 2018, Index Fungorum accepts 114 genera and 1621 species in the Polyporaceae:[11]

In a proposed family-level classification of the Polyporales based on molecular phylogenetics, Alfredo Justo and colleagues propose synonymizing the Ganodermataceae with the Polyporaceae, and accept 44 genera in this family: Abundisporus, Amauroderma, Cerarioporia, Colospora, Cryptoporus, Datronia, Datroniella, Dendrodontia, Dentocorticium, Dichomitus, Donkioporia, Earliella, Echinochaete, Epithele, Favolus, Fomes, Fomitella, Ganoderma, Grammothele, Grammothelopsis, Hexagonia, Haploporus, Hornodermoporus, Lentinus, Lignosus, Lopharia, Megasporia, Megasporoporia, Melanoderma, Microporellus, Microporus, Neodatronia, Neofavolus, Pachykytospora, Perenniporia, Perenniporiella, Pseudofavolus, Pyrofomes, Tinctoporellus, Tomophagus, Trametes, Truncospora, Vanderbylia, and Yuchengia.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Corda, A.C.J. (1839). Icones fungorum hucusque cognitorum. 3. p. 49. 
  2. ^ a b Justo, Alfredo; Miettinen, Otto; Floudas, Dimitrios; Ortiz-Santana, Beatriz; Sjökvist, Elisabet; Lindner, Daniel; Nakasone, Karen; Niemelä, Tuomo; Larsson, Karl-Henrik; Ryvarden, Leif; Hibbett, David S. (2017). "A revised family-level classification of the Polyporales (Basidiomycota)". Fungal Biology. 121: 798–824. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2017.05.010. PMID 28800851. 
  3. ^ Fries, E. M. (1838). Epicrisis Systematis Mycologici: Seu Synopsis Hymenomycetum [A Critical Study of Mycology: A Synopsis of the Hymenomycetes] (in Latin). 1–2. Uppsala, Sweden: Regiae Academiae Typographia. p. 408. 
  4. ^ For example:
  5. ^ Lowe, Josiah L. (1963). "The Polyporaceae of the world". Mycologia. 55 (1): 1–12. doi:10.2307/3756376. 
  6. ^ Bondartsev, A.S. (1953). The Polyporaceae of the European USSR and Caucasia. Moscow: Israel Program for Scientific Translations. 
  7. ^ Donk, M.A. (1960). "The generic names proposed for Polyporaceae". Persoonia. 1 (2): 173–302. 
  8. ^ Donk, M.A. (1964). "A conspectus of the families of Aphyllophorales". Persoonia. 3 (2): 199–324. 
  9. ^ Cunningham, G.H. (1965). "Polyporaceae of New Zealand". New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin. 164: 1–304. 
  10. ^ Pegler, D.N. (1973). "Aphyllophorales IV. Poroid families". In Ainsworth, G.C.; Sparrow, F.K.; Sussaman, A.S. The Fungi IV-B an advance treatise. IV B. New York and London: Academic press. pp. 397–420. 
  11. ^ Kirk, P.M. "Species Fungorum (version 28th March 2018). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2018-04-09. 
  12. ^ Ryvarden, Leif (1998). "African polypores: A review". Belgian Journal of Botany. 131: 150–155. 
  13. ^ Singer, Rolf (1944). "Notes on taxonomy and nomenclature of the polypores". Mycologia. 36 (1): 65–69. doi:10.2307/3754880. JSTOR 3754880. 
  14. ^ Murrill, William Alphonso (1905). "The Polyporaceae of North America: XII. A synopsis of the white and bright-colored pileate species". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 32 (9): 469–494. doi:10.2307/2478463. 
  15. ^ Buchanan, P.K.; Ryvarden, L. (1988). "Type studies in the Polyporaceae – 18. Species described by G.H. Cunningham". Mycotaxon. 31 (1): 1–38. 
  16. ^ Ryvarden, Leif (1991). Genera of Polypores, Nomenclature and Taxonomy. Synopsis Fungorum. 5. p. 115. ISBN 978-8290724103. 
  17. ^ Wu, Fang; Zhou, Li-Wei; Yuan, Yuan; Tian, Xue-Mei; Si, Jing (2016). "Cerarioporia cystidiata gen. et sp. nov. (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) evidenced by morphological characters and molecular phylogeny". Phytotaxa. 280 (1): 55–62. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.280.1.5. 
  18. ^ Ariyawansa Hiran A.; Hyde, Kevin D.; Jayasiri, Subashini C.; et al. (2015). "Fungal diversity notes 111–252 – taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa". Fungal Diversity. 75 (1): 27–274. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0346-5. 
  19. ^ Heim, R. (1966). "Breves diagnoses latinae novitatum genericarum specificarumque nuper descriptarum". Revue de Mycologie. 30: 231–241. 
  20. ^ Bondartsev, A.; Ljubarsky, L.V. (1963). "Genus novum et species novae Polyporacearum in Oriente extremo inventae". Botanicheskie Materialy Otdela Sporovyh Rastenij Botanicheskogo Instituti Imeni V.L. Komarova. 16: 125–133. 
  21. ^ Yuan, H.S.; Qin, W.M. (2018). "Multiple genes phylogeny and morphological characters reveal Dextrinoporus aquaticus gen. et sp. nov. (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) from southern China". Mycological Progress. doi:10.1007/s11557-018-1392-7. 
  22. ^ Chang-Lin Zhao; Xin-Sheng He; Kun-Yuan Wanghe; Bao-Kai Cui; Yu-Cheng Dai (2014). "Flammeopellis bambusicola gen. et. sp. nov. (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) evidenced by morphological characters and phylogenetic analysis". Mycological Progress. 13 (3): 771–780. doi:10.1007/s11557-014-0960-8. 
  23. ^ Zhao, Changlin; Wu, Fang; Dai, Yu-Cheng (2016). "Leifiporia rhizomorpha gen. et sp. nov. and L. eucalypti comb. nov. in Polyporaceae (Basidiomycota)". Mycological Progress. 15: 799–808. doi:10.1007/s11557-016-1210-z. 
  24. ^ a b Li, Hai-Jiao; Cui, Bao-Kai (2013). "Taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Megasporoporia and its related genera". Mycologia. 105 (2): 368–383. doi:10.3852/12-114. PMID 23099513. 
  25. ^ Ryvarden, L.; Wright, J.E.; Rajchenberg, M. (1982). "Megasporoporia, a new genus of resupinate polypores". Mycotaxon. 16 (1): 172–182. 
  26. ^ Ginns, J. (1984). "Mollicarpus gen. nov. (Polyporaceae) with notes on Coriolopsis byrsina, Phellinus crocatus, and Polystictus crocatus var. sibiricus". Mycotaxon. 19: 71–80. 
  27. ^ Nakasone, K.K. (2013). "Taxonomy of Epithele (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)". Sydowia. 65: 59–112. 
  28. ^ a b Ryvarden, Leif; Johansen, I. "A preliminary polypore flora of East Africa". Oslo: Fungiflora: 443; 523. 
  29. ^ Li, H.J.; Cui, B.K.; Dai, Y.C. (2014). "Taxonomy and multi-gene phylogeny of Datronia (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)". Persoonia. 32: 170–182. doi:10.3767/003158514X681828. PMC 4150076Freely accessible. PMID 25264389. 
  30. ^ Palacio, Melissa; Robledo, Gerardo Lucio; Reck, Mateus Arduvino; Grassi, Emanuel; Góes-Neto, Aristóteles; Drechsler-Santos, Elisandro Ricardo (2017). "Decrypting the Polyporus dictyopus complex: Recovery of Atroporus Ryvarden and segregation of Neodictyopus gen. nov. (Polyporales, Basidiomyocta)". PLOS ONE. 12 (10): e0186183. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0186183. PMC 5648139Freely accessible. PMID 29049417. 
  31. ^ Sotome, Kozue; Akagi, Yasunori; Lee, Su See; Ishikawa, Noemia K.; Hattori, Tsutomu (2013). "Taxonomic study of Favolus and Neofavolus gen. nov. segregated from Polyporus (Basidiomycota, Polyporales)". Fungal Diversity. 58 (1): 245–266. doi:10.1007/s13225-012-0213-6. 
  32. ^ Kotlába, F.; Pouzar, Z. (1963). "A new genus of the Polypores –Pachykytospora gen. nov". Ceská Mykologie. 17 (1): 27–34. 
  33. ^ Wu, Zi-Qiang; Liu, Wei-Li; Wang, Zheng-Hui; Zhao, Chang-Lin (2017). "Perenniporiopsis, a new polypore genus segregated from Perenniporia (Polyporales)". Cryptogamie, Mycologie. 38 (3): 285–299. doi:10.7872/crym/v38.iss3.2017.285. 
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  44. ^ Ginns, J. (1984). "New names, new combinations and new synonymy in the Corticiaceae, Hymenochaetaceae and Polyporaceae". Mycotaxon. 21: 325–333. 
  45. ^ Zhao, Chang-Lin; Cui, Bao-Kai; Steffen, Karl Timo (2013). "Yuchengia, a new polypore genus segregated from Perenniporia (Polyporales, Basidiomycota)". Mycoscience. 31 (3): 331–338. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.2012.00003.x.