Porfirio Muñoz Ledo

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Porfirio Muñoz Ledo
Porfirio Muñoz Ledo.jpg
President of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
1 September 2018 – 5 September 2019
Preceded byEdgar Romo García
Succeeded byLaura Rojas Hernández
In office
1 September 1997 – 30 September 1997
Preceded byNetzahualcóyotl de la Vega
Succeeded byEduardo Bernal Martínez
Secretary of Public Education
In office
1 December 1976 – 9 December 1977
PresidentJosé López Portillo
Preceded byVíctor Bravo Ahuja
Succeeded byFernando Solana Morales
Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare
In office
17 September 1972 – 25 September 1975
PresidentLuis Echeverría Álvarez
Preceded byRafael Hernández Ochoa
Succeeded byCarlos Gálvez Betancourt
Personal details
Born (1933-07-23) 23 July 1933 (age 86)
Mexico City, D.F., Mexico
Political partyIndependent (2020-present)
Other political
Institutional Revolutionary (1954–1987)
Democratic Revolution
Authentic Mexican Revolution
Labor Party
(2006-2018) Movimiento de Regeneración Nacional
ParentsPorfirio Muñoz Ledo Castillo
Ana Lazo de la Vega Marín
Alma materNational Autonomous University of Mexico

Porfirio Alejandro Muñoz Ledo y Lazo de la Vega (born July 23, 1933 in Mexico City) is a Mexican politician. He is one of the founders of the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD).


Muñoz Ledo studied law at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) from 1951 to 1955 and later pursued graduate studies at the University of Paris.

He served as a member of the cabinets of presidents Luis Echeverría as Secretary of Labor (1972–1975); and José López Portillo as Secretary of Education (1976–1977). He was President of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) during the presidential campaign of 1975-1976.

Muñoz Ledo was Mexican Ambassador to the United Nations (1978–1985), where he presided the UN Security Council, the Group of 77 and the negotiations of the Global Economic Agreements.

In 1988 he broke with the PRI and won a seat in the Senate running as a candidate for the leftist Frente Democrático Nacional (FDN) coalition. The following year (May 5, 1989), Muñoz Ledo, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas and other leading center-left and leftist politicians formally founded the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD).

Muñoz Ledo served in the Chamber of Deputies from 1997 to 1999. He was the first member of an opposition party to preside Congress in the post-revolutionary period as President of the Chamber of Deputies in 1997.[1] He ran for the presidency in 2000 as the Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution candidate but before the elections he gave his support to the National Action Party candidate Vicente Fox who later designated Muñoz Ledo ambassador to the European Union (2001–2004).

In 2005 he returned to the PRD to join Andrés Manuel López Obrador in his presidential campaign.[2][3]

On August 27, 2018, the parliamentary group of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA) proposed him as president of the Chamber of Deputies and therefore of the Congress of the Union for the first year of the LXIV Legislature.[4]

Preceded by
Víctor Bravo Ahuja
Secretary of Education
Succeeded by
Fernando Solana
Preceded by
Jesús Reyes Heroles
President of the Institutional Revolutionary Party
Succeeded by
Carlos Sansores Pérez
Preceded by
Roberto Robles Garnica
President of the Party of the Democratic Revolution
Succeeded by
Andrés Manuel López Obrador


  1. ^ Enciclopedia Política de México 9 Tomo V. (PDF). Senade de la República - Instituto Belisario Domínguez. 2010.
  2. ^ [1] Mexican Congress Official Site in Spanish
  3. ^ [2] English translation
  4. ^ http://www.proceso.com.mx/548579/porfirio-munoz-ledo-sera-quien-coloque-banda-presidencial-a-lopez-obrador accessed 15 April 2019

Further reading[edit]

  • Camp, Roderic Ai. "Porfirio Muñoz Ledo" in Mexican Political Biographies. Second edition. Tucson: University of Arizona 1982, pp. 211–12. ISBN 0-8165-0743-0
  • Gil, Carlos B. ed. Hope and Frustration: Interviews with Leaders of Mexico's Political Opposition, especially Chapter 7, "Porfirio Muñoz Ledo". Wilmington: Scholarly Resources Books 1992. ISBN 0-8420-2396-8