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, the Porgy and Bess opera by George Gershwin, has been recorded by a variety of artists since it was completed in 1935, including renditions by jazz instrumentalists and vocalists, in addition to operatic treatments.
Operatic and Broadway versions [ edit ]
(RCA 1935), recorded days after the premiere by popular white opera singers with Gershwin's approval. Highlights from Porgy and Bess [1 ]
(Decca 1940 & 1942) Two sets of recorded selections with members of the original cast and the 1942 Broadway revival cast including Selections from George Gershwin's folk opera Porgy and Bess Anne Brown, Todd Duncan and Avon Long. Later reissued as a single LP with the misleading label, "original cast recording". [2 ]
(RCA 1950), eight selections from the opera sung by Porgy and Bess Robert Merrill and Risë Stevens. [3 ]
(Columbia Masterworks 1951), the first recording of the full opera (after the customary cuts), with Porgy and Bess Lawrence Winters as Porgy and Camilla Williams as Bess. [4 ]
Porgy and Bess, (RCA 1963), a single disc of selections that brought back together the stars from the opera's world tour in the 1950s, Leontyne Price and William Warfield. Also included were the original Sportin' Life, John W. Bubbles, and McHenry Boatwright. Leontyne Price won a Grammy for her performance. [5 ] [6 ]
Porgy and Bess (Decca/London 1976), an uncut complete studio production with Leona Mitchell and the Cleveland Orchestra conducted by Lorin Maazel. A [7 ] Grammy Award winner. [6 ] Another uncut
Porgy and Bess (RCA) was recorded late in 1976 in studio sessions during a New York run of the Houston Grand Opera production. It was the second truly complete recording of the opera and it won a Grammy, making Porgy and Bess one of the few operas to win this award two years in a row. It was issued on 3 CDs in 1987. [6 ]
(EMI 1989), an uncut complete studio recording of the Porgy and Bess Glyndebourne Festival Opera production under the direction of Simon Rattle. This recording served as the soundtrack of the acclaimed 1993 television production of the opera.
( Porgy and Bess Decca 2006), the first recording of the score as Gershwin arranged it for the original 1935 Broadway production (incorporating all of Gershwin's opening night cuts). With Alvy Powell (Porgy), Marquita Lister (Bess), Nicole Cabell (Clara) and Robert Mack (Sportin' Life), with the Nashville Symphony Orchestra conducted by John Mauceri. Studio recording made in Nashville.
Porgy and Bess (1952), a live recording, released in 2008, of a 1952 Hamburg Germany performance by the famous Davis/Breen touring company, starring Leontyne Price, William Warfield, and Cab Calloway. This is the only known recording from this production, and the first live recording of Porgy and Bess ever released.
Porgy and Bess (RCA Red Seal/Sony Music), a live 2009 recording from the Styriarte Festival in Graz, Austria, with an all-black cast conducted by Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Harnoncourt has reviewed Gershwin's cuts for the Broadway version and made those that are for dramatic reasons, while retaining material cut to ease the strain on the singers' voices; he has also recreated the "Symphony of Noise" to open the final scene.
Jazz versions [ edit ]
(1956), the first recording of nearly the entire work using jazz singers and instrumentalists, with The Complete Porgy and Bess Mel Tormé and Frances Faye
(1957), a collaboration between Porgy and Bess Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald in another jazz interpretation of the opera
(1958), Porgy and Bess Miles Davis and Gil Evans recorded their own jazz instrumental interpretation of the opera.
(1959), Porgy and Bess Sammy Davis, Jr. and Carmen McRae recorded their own jazz vocal interpretation of the opera.
(1959), Oscar Peterson Plays Porgy & Bess Oscar Peterson recorded his interpretation of ten instrumentals from the opera.
(1959), Porgy and Bess Harry Belafonte and Lena Horne released an album of ten selections.
(1959), Porgy and Bess Bill Potts recorded his own jazz instrumental interpretation of the opera for United Artists.
(1959), Porgy and Bess in Modern Jazz Ralph Burns recorded his own jazz instrumental interpretation of the opera for Decca.
(1959) Porgy and Bess Diahann Carroll and the André Previn Trio recorded a version for United Artists Records.
(1959), Porgy and Bess Hank Jones (on piano) recorded selections from the opera for Capitol.
(1959), Porgy and Bess Mundell Lowe (on guitar) recorded selections from the opera for RCA Camden.
(195?), Porgy and Bess Rex Stewart and Cootie Williams (on trumpet) recorded selections from the opera for Warner Bros..
(195?), Porgy and Bess Buddy Collette (on flute and bass clarinet) recorded selections from the opera for Interlude. Also available as Pete Jolly Gasses Everybody for Charlie Parker Records.
(1966), The Modern Jazz Quartet Plays George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess The Modern Jazz Quartet recorded their interpretation of seven instrumentals from the opera.
(1976), Porgy and Bess Oscar Peterson and Joe Pass recorded selections from the opera.
(1976), Porgy and Bess Ray Charles and Cleo Laine recorded selections from the opera for RCA.
(1997), Porgy and Bess Joe Henderson (on tenor sax) recorded selections from the opera for Verve.
Film soundtrack version [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "George Gershwin Highlight's From Porgy and Bess: George Gershwin, Alexander Smallens: Music". Amazon.com. 2009-09-09 . Retrieved . 2012-03-05
^ "Gershwin: Porgy & Bess [With Members of the Original Cast]: George Gershwin, Alexander Smallens, Todd Duncan, Anne Brown, Avon Long: Music". Amazon.com . Retrieved . 2012-03-05
^ "GERSHWIN Porgy & Bess NAXOS 8.110287-88 [RJF]: Classical CD Reviews- Dec 2004 MusicWeb-International". Musicweb-international.com. 1951-04-13 . Retrieved . 2012-03-05
^ "Masterworks Heritage Edition - Gershwin: Porgy & Bess: G. Gershwin, Lawrence Winters, Camilla Williams: Music". Amazon.com . Retrieved . 2012-03-05
^ "Porgy & Bess: High Performance: William Warfield, John W. Bubbles, Leontyne Price: Music". Amazon.com . Retrieved . 2012-03-05
^ a b c  Archived May 13, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
^ "Gershwin: Porgy and Bess: George Gershwin, Lorin Maazel, Cleveland Orchestra, Joela Jones, Alan Leatherman, Alpha Floyd, Arthur Thompson, Barbara Conrad, Barbara Hendricks, Christopher Deane, Donald Zucca, Florence Quivar, Frarncois Clemmons, Isola Jones, James Vincent Pickens, John Buck, Leona Mitchell, McHenry Boatwright, Ralph Nealley, Robert Snook: Music". Amazon.com . Retrieved . 2012-03-05
^ "Porgy & Bess (1959 Film Soundtrack): George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin, Andre Previn, Robert McFerrin, Adele Addison, Cab Calloway, Pearl Bailey, Brock Peters: Music". Amazon.com . Retrieved . 2012-03-05