Prairie Ronde Township, Michigan
|Prairie Ronde Township, Michigan|
|• Total||36.4 sq mi (94.3 km2)|
|• Land||35.8 sq mi (92.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)|
|Elevation||879 ft (268 m)|
|• Density||58.3/sq mi (22.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1626941|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.4 square miles (94 km2), of which 35.8 square miles (93 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (1.73%) is water.
There are no incorporated or unincorporated communities within the boundaries of the township. A village named Shirland, to be located on Section 25 (near the present-day Olde Mill Golf Course), was platted and recorded in 1831, but it never developed. Most of the township lies within the Schoolcraft zip code (49087), except for small areas in the northwest and south which are part of the Lawton (49065) and Marcellus (49067) zip codes, respectively.
Surface water features include Harrison and Paw Paw Lakes in the northern part of the township. Much of the township lies within the drainage area of Flowerfield Creek, which is part of the Rocky River Sub-Watershed, itself part of the larger St. Joseph River Watershed. The Michigan Nature Association maintains a 20-acre (81,000 m2) nature sanctuary along Flowerfield Creek in Prairie Ronde Township.
The township is named for its distinctive geographic feature, the Prairie Ronde, a 14,000-acre (57 km2) grassland and the largest of the eight prairies in what would become Kalamazoo County. The name Prairie Ronde (French for "round meadow") is said to have been given by French explorer Robert Sieur de la Salle during an overland crossing of the region in 1680. (Some scholars, however, place LaSalle's route across northern Kalamazoo County, a journey which would not have brought him across the Prairie Ronde.)
Present-day Prairie Ronde Township was the first part of Kalamazoo County to be settled by European-Americans. The first white settler was Bazel Harrison, a nephew of revolutionary leader Benjamin Harrison and first cousin of U.S. President William Henry Harrison. Originally of Virginia, Harrison arrived with his family from Ohio on November 5, 1828.
At the time of settlement, Prairie Ronde was a part of St. Joseph County and in the township of Brady, which included all of future Kalamazoo and Barry Counties and a large part of Michigan's Lower Peninsula to the north. Kalamazoo County was set off with its present boundaries in 1829, and the southern half organized as Brady Township in 1830. Prairie Ronde was set off from Brady Township as a separate township with its present limits in May 1836.
A Methodist congregation was organized in Prairie Ronde in 1832. In 1836 they built a small chapel near Harrison Lake called the Ebenezer Episcopal Church of Prairie Ronde. This was the first church building of any denomination built north of the St. Joseph River. Around 1850, the congregation moved to Schoolcraft, where it continues today as the Schoolcraft United Methodist Church.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,086 people, 707 households, and 601 families residing in the township. The population density was 58.3 per square mile (22.5/km²). There were 733 housing units at an average density of 20.5 per square mile (7.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.84% White, 0.29% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population. The most common reported ancestries for township residents are German (26.8%), Dutch (12.8%), and Irish (11.8%).
There were 707 households out of which 46.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 12.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the township the population was spread out with 32.2% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 104.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $65,385, and the median income for a family was $67,458. Males had a median income of $48,074 versus $27,038 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,431. About 2.6% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
Most of the township belongs to the Schoolcraft Community Schools school district. The northwestern part of the township is within the Mattawan Consolidated School District and a smaller section along the western edge of the township is within the Lawton Community School District.
Listed Historic Sites
Prairie Ronde Township has one site listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Fanckboner-Nichols Farmstead (5992 W. VW Avenue) was established in 1838 by William and Elizabeth Crose Fanckboner, who had arrived with their five children from near Belvidere, New Jersey the previous year. Still owned by Fanckboner descendants, the family's Greek Revival farmhouse, built c. 1840, along with later outbuildings, stands in a small farmstead area at one corner of the 30-acre (120,000 m2) farm property on the corner of West VW Ave and S 10th St. The farmstead, added to the Register in 2007, is preserved as an illustration of the lives of the early settlers on the Prairie Ronde.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Prairie Ronde Township, Michigan
- Romig, Walter (1986). Michigan place names: the history of the founding and the naming of more than five thousand past and present Michigan communities, Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X, 9780814318386
- Swartz (1990), p. 43.
- Kalamazoo County, Michigan Zip Code Map.
- Flowerfield Creek water quality data, Kalamazoo County Environmental Health Bureau.
- Flowerfield Creek Nature Sanctuary, Michigan Nature Association.
- The History of Kalamazoo County, Michigan, Michigan History Magazine, Sept/Oct 1984.
- Swartz (1990), p. 8.
- James C. Woodruff. "LaSalle's Walk on the Wild Side", Michigan History, vol. 83, no. 2 (1999), p. 6-15.
- Swartz (1990), p. 18.
- Genevieve Vail Vosburgh, "Kalamazoo County, Michigan, and its Early Settlers," "Old Northwest" Genealogical Society 10, no. 2 (April 1907), pp. 102-103.
- Swartz (1990), p. 37.
- Swartz (1990), p. 78.
- Swartz (1990), pp. 84-86.
- Ancestry: 2000, Prairie Ronde township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Kalamazoo County, Michigan school district maps by county, State of Michigan Department of Information Technology Center for Geographic Information.
- Downtown Niles and Tourist Attractions in the Irish Hills Among 10 Properties Nominated to the National Register of Historic Places, Michigan Department of History, Arts, and Libraries press release, 25 January 2007.
- Fanckboner--Nichols Farmstead, Historic Places Database.
- Swartz, Mary Jane (1990). So I'm Told: The Nineteenth Century in Schoolcraft, Michigan. Berrien Springs, MI: Hardscrabble Books. p. 240. ISBN 0-915056-22-4.