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Pre-Samnite was an ancient language spoken in southern Campania, in Italy. The name Pre-Samnite refers to the fact that the language was spoken in early times in an area that was later colonised by Samnites, who spoke Oscan. Pre-Samnite is recorded in a few short inscriptions dating from around 500 BC. The language belongs to the Osco-Umbrian group of languages, and may be closely related to Oscan, but shows a number of archaic features which were lost from Oscan. However, the material is too scanty to enable a precise determination of the relation of Pre-Samnite either to Oscan or to the other Sabellian languages.
- Sabellian Languages, R. E. Wallace, in The Ancient Languages of Europe, Ed. R. D. Woodward.[page needed]
- Formations of the perfect in the Sabellian languages with the Italic and Indo-European background. D. Piwowarczyk.[page needed]
- Sabellian Demonstratives: Forms and Functions, Emmanuel Dupraz.[page needed]
- Xavier-Adiego, Ignacio. “Some remarks on the new Opic ("Pre-Samnite") inscription of Niumsis Tanunis”. In: Incontri linguistici 38, 2015, 125–138.