|Prince Carol Mircea|
8 August 1920|
Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania
|Died||27 January 2006
London, United Kingdom
|Spouse||Helene Henriette Nagavitzine
|Father||Carol II of Romania|
|Religion||Romanian Orthodox Church|
Prince Mircea Grigore Carol Hohenzollern (8 August 1920 – 27 January 2006), also known as Prince Mircea Grigore Carol al României (anglicised as: of Romania) according to his amended Romanian birth certificate or as Carol Lambrino (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈkarol lambrino][needs stress]) according to his original Romanian birth certificate, was the eldest son of King Carol II of Romania.
Prince Carol was born in Bucharest as son of Crown Prince Carol of Romania and his first wife, Zizi Lambrino. At the time of his birth he was registered with the name Mircea Grigore Carol Lambrino. His grandfather King Ferdinand forced the annulment of his parents' marriage in January 1919 in the Supreme Court of Romania and Carol was born outside the 300-day period allowed to permit legitimacy, on 8 August 1920. The legality of the annulment has been questioned.
After his birth, Carol and his mother were forced to leave Romania and settled in Paris. During his younger years and his reign, including during his personal dictatorship (1938–1940) when he held absolute power in Romania, King Carol II recognized his first-born Carol Mircea as a prince on several occasions. One of these situations was a letter published on the front page by the Romanian daily newspaper Epoca (17 January 1920). Signed by Crown Prince Carol, the document is a statement in which the future king recognizes he is the father of Princess Ioana's baby. More, the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen has always recognised them as princes of Hohenzollern (or the German style family name Prinz von Hohenzollern) as it becomes clear in correspondence between the late Prince Friedrich of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and the deposed King Carol II.
After the death of his father, King Carol II, in Portugal, 4 April 1953, Carol claimed the right to inherit some of his father's estate in accordance with Portuguese law. In order to do so, it was necessary to prove that he was his father's legitimate son born of a legitimate marriage.
On April 2, 1955, a Portuguese court ruled that Carol was the legitimate first-born son of King Carol II and allowed him to claim the surname Hohenzollern in place of Lambrino. On 6 March 1957, the Portuguese ruling was recognised in France by an Exequatur of the Tribunal of the Grande Instance of Paris. This allowed Carol rights of inheritance to his father's French properties. Carol's younger half-brother Michael appealed this ruling which was upheld by the Court of Cassation, 8 January 1963.
In October 1995 a Romanian court ruled that Carol was the legitimate son of King Carol II. His half-brother, Michael, appealed this ruling, but lost the case in an upper court of appeal in 1999. In March 2002, the Supreme Court of Romania ruled that there should be a retrial, and in July 2002 a lower court ruled again in Carol's favour. Michael again appealed, and in January 2003 he again lost the appeal. Michael again appealed in December 2003, and is currently awaiting the result of the appeal regarding the original verdict.
Marriages and children
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Carol was married three times, firstly on 22 March 1948 in Paris to Hélène Henriette Nagavitzine/Navagatzine, known as Opera singer Léna Pastor (b. 26 May 1925 Paris), with whom he had one son before divorcing in 1958.
- Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern (born 1948 in Paris, France)
He was married secondly to Thelma Jeanne Williams (Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, 15 November 1930 – Rutland, Rutland County, Vermont, 5 June 1988) on 20 December 1960 in Paris, with whom he had one son before divorcing in 1977.
- Ion George Nicholas Alexander Lambrino, or (von) Hohenzollern (born 1 September 1961 in Poole, Dorset, England), unmarried and without issue
He married his third wife Antonia Colville (Bracken, Church Crookham, Hampshire, 29 May 1939 – 13 June 2007), the great granddaughter of Charles Colville, 1st Viscount Colville of Culross at Fulham Town Hall on 27 June 1984, without issue. Carol and his third wife settled in Parsons Green and led a quiet life.
- Carol's birth certificate, The "Prince Paul of Romania" website, 20 January 2008
- "General"[permanent dead link], Evenimentul Zilei
- "Romanian court recognizes Briton as Carol II's grandson". The Washington Times. 1995-10-31. pp. A14.
- "HRH Prince Carol of Romania", The Daily Telegraph, 10 February 2006
- Prince Paul of Romania, Genealogy page 3 Archived November 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- (in Romanian) "Epoca front page article - Letter of HRH Crown Prince Carol of Romania to his wife, Princess Ioana", Epoca daily newspaper, 17 January 1920
- 'Bastard' Romanian prince goes legitimate
- Prince Paul of Romania, Genealogy page 8 Archived November 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "An Innocent Had Gone," Jurnalul National, 30 January 2006