Prince Radu of Romania
||This article has an unclear citation style. Learn how and when to remove this template message) (September 2009) (|
|Prince Radu of Romania|
Prince Radu in April 2009
7 June 1960
|Spouse||Princess Margareta of Romania (m. 1996)|
|Father||Prof. Dr. René Duda|
|Mother||Dr. Gabriela Duda b. Constandache|
Prince Radu of Romania (born Radu Duda; 7 June 1960) is the son-in-law of former King Michael I of Romania. He was born in Iaşi, Romania. In 1996, he married Princess Margareta of Romania, the king's eldest daughter. On 1 January 1999, he was given the name, not title of "Prince of Hohenzollern-Veringen" by Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern, the Head of the Sigmaringen branch of the Hohenzollern family. He has also called himself "Radu Hohenzollern Veringen Duda". Since 2007, when he had his legal name changed from "Radu Duda" to "Radu al României Duda", Radu no longer uses the name of Hohenzollern.
The Statute of the Romanian Royal Family, proclaimed by former King Michael I of Romania on 30 December 2007, gave Radu the title of "Prince of Romania", with the style of "Royal Highness", which King Michael had given him earlier on 5 January 2005.
The last Royal Romanian constitution made no provision for the succession of daughters. Titles were within the award of the King of Romania before 1947. Radu's title has been awarded by the former King as Head of the Royal House of Romania. It is not based in present or past Romanian law.
Either in the company of his wife Princess Margareta or most often alone, Prince Radu represents the Royal Family on various occasions.
- 1 Education and work
- 2 Initiatives
- 3 Personality
- 4 Controversies
- 5 Political support
- 6 Titles, styles, honours and awards
- 7 Filmography
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Education and work
|Romanian Royal Family|
|* titled according to private family rules|
Radu graduated from the Costache Negruzzi High School in Iași in 1979, and from the University of Drama and Film in Bucharest in 1984, and had over twenty years of artistic activity in Romania as well as in other European countries, America, Asia, and Africa. He was the Artistic Director of the first project of art therapy for abandoned children in Romanian orphanages. The project, started in 1993, was developed in eight cities over six years. In 1994, while working as an art therapist in orphanages, he met Princess Margareta, when she was touring the programs of her Princess Margareta Foundation. On 21 September 1996 they were married in Lausanne, and on 1 January 1999 he was granted the title "Radu, Prince of Hohenzollern-Veringen".
Prince Radu played a major role in the planning and organisation of the official tours undertaken by King Michael I of Romania in 1997 and 2002 for the integration of Romania into NATO, as well as creating the concept of the King's "Millennium Tour" of Romania in 2000. In the NATO tours the King visited the United Kingdom, Norway, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, meeting heads of state and of government, and Radu accompanied the King on most of these visits.
In 2002, he graduated from the National College of Defence of Romania, and the George C. Marshall College, Garmisch, Germany. In August 2004 he participated in the two-week Program for Senior Executives in National and International Security at John F. Kennedy School of Government Harvard University.
In September 2002, he was appointed as Special Representative of the Romanian Government for Integration, Co-operation and Sustainable Development. He is also Advisor to HM King Michael I, Patron of the British-Romanian Chamber of Commerce, Member of the Board of Directors of "House of NATO" Association in Bucharest, and Honorary Member of the Senate of "Aurel Vlaicu" University of Arad and of the University of Oradea, Romania.
Prince Radu is the author of several books:"Dincolo de mască" (Bucharest: Unitext, 1997), "L'Âme du masque" (Brussels, 1998), "Război, un exil, o viaţă" (Bucharest, 2000; translated into English as "Anne of Romania: A War, an Exile, a Life", Bucharest: Romanian Cultural Foundation, 2002), "Michael of Romania: A Tribute" (San Francisco and Bucharest, 2001), "Kildine" (Bucharest, 2003; a translation into Romanian of the fairy-tales book of Queen Marie of Romania), "Seven" (Bucharest: Nemira, 2003), "The Royal Family of Romania" (Bucharest: Humanitas, 2004), "Persona" (Bucharest: Nemira, 2006), "The Elisabeta Palace" (Bucharest: Humanitas, 2006)
Prince Radu has lectured and made speeches in Romania, Sweden, Finland, Austria, Japan, India, Lithuania, Hungary, Switzerland, Belgium, France, Ireland, Canada, Poland, the United States, Italy, Jordan, Thailand, Slovenia, Croatia, Azerbaijan, China, Egypt and the United Kingdom. He also appears regularly on television and publishes articles in the written press in Romania.
Prince Radu's lectures address topics related to Romania's integration into the Euro-Atlantic structures, defense, and security, geopolitics and diplomacy, culture, economics, and education. He has equally spoken out about the issue of ethnic minorities, in particular about the Romani minority, an important issue for Romania and South Eastern Europe today, through conferences in Romania and around Europe, in countries such as the United Kingdom, France, Finland, etc. His activity report "2005 Annual Report and 2002–2004 Retrospective" is available in English and Romanian on his official website.
Europe of Regions
Radu initiated a project to promote Romania's major interests and to strengthen Romania’s bilateral relations. Its aims are to encourage and promote economic, cultural, and educational partnerships between Romanian regions and different European regions, as well as to raise awareness about Romania through meetings, conferences, and lectures. It will involve Prince Radu visiting up to four different regions a year, meeting local businessmen, political and local administration leaders, university teachers and students, Romanian communities and the press. Regions covered so far are the Italian regions of Tuscany and Sicily (provinces of Palermo, Caltanisetta, Enna, and Catania), the French regions of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur and Aquitaine (Pays Beaumontois). The Europe of Regions initiative will continue with visits to the Lands of Germany, to Spain, and further regions of France and Italy.
The Friendship Tour
The Friendship Tour is a similar initiative created to promote Romania's major interests, mainly in the United States of America, aiming to encourage, promote, and support Romanian partnerships in the economic, educational, and cultural domains. Visits are planned to 3–4 states each year to meet local businessmen and women, politicians, and local administration, university teachers and students, as well as the Romanian diaspora. The aim is also to raise awareness about Romania’s potential and to strengthen bilateral relations. The Friendship Tour kicked off with a ten-day visit to the states of Illinois, Indiana, and Massachusetts, during which Prince Radu met with governors, mayors, state congressmen, professors, students, businessmen, journalists, and American citizens of Romanian origin. The Friendship Tour II and The Friendship Tour III plan to reach five other USA states.
In an interview for "Observator Plus", Prince Radu talked frankly about himself. He says that during Communism he had lived in an amoral world which lacked models and in which it was difficult to have principles. He discovered the latter only when he met King Michael, when he realized that "life can be marked, here and there, by principles."
BAE Systems, one of the donors to Princess Margarita's charity, and its representatives, have been involved in a corruption scandal regarding the purchase by the Romanian Government of two decommissioned UK Royal Navy frigates refurbished by BAE, for which an alleged £7 million bribe was paid. Some of this money, it is also alleged, "ended up in the pockets of the royal family of Hohenzollern". The "Gardianul" newspaper, noting that both Margarita and Radu, as Special Representative of the Government, had met a number of times formally or informally with the BAE Systems representatives before and after the signing of the governmental contract, inquired whether the royal family was involved in any lobbying on behalf of the company. In an official communique sent to the newspaper, Radu denied any such lobbying activities, stating that as patron of the British-Romanian Chamber of Commerce in which BAE Systems is a member, he met with this as well as other British companies' representatives.
Prince Radu has been, as are many other prominent public figures, the target of press attacks of having been an informer of Communist Romania's dreaded secret police Securitate during Nicolae Ceauşescu's dictatorship.
Căminul românesc magazine from Geneva published an article by Nicolette (Nicoleta) Franck, a journalist close to King Michael, about whom she wrote many books. The article alleged that Radu Duda was a Securitate agent infiltrated in the Royal House so as to compromise it, on orders from Ion Iliescu, the former high ranking Communist president of Romania and allegedly friend of Radu's father, also a former high ranking Communist. No proof of these allegations was offered.
In an article published by Adevărul daily, Prince Radu denied allegations of his supposed involvement with the Securitate: "I have not collaborated with the Securitate…in 1986 there was an attempt to recruit me. I refused politely and I was never contacted again." The article revealed that in 1989 Radu’s name was found on a list of 1,000+ people entitled "support persons" of the Securitate. In another interview for the same daily, Radu explained that in 1986 he had been asked by the Securitate to collaborate due to his successful career as an actor: "Everybody who was somebody knew that there was this risk" to be called upon by Securitate to become an informer. At that time Radu had been working on an Iaşi stage as a theater graduate for two years and was about to go on his second and last theater tour abroad to Israel, accompanying two renowned Romanian actors. The former head of the local Iaşi branch of Securitate explained in an interview that a "support person" such as Duda and the other people on the 1,000+ list were not informers, did not sign any agreement with the Securitate, nor did they receive money, but were Communist Party members, in particular people who traveled abroad, targeted by the Securitate with the Party's approval to carry out well-defined missions for a limited period of time. He also confirmed in a subsequent interview that the list in question is real.
It has also been reported that "many of the royal family's supporters have stopped offering financial aids after Radu Duda joined the Royal House. Wealthy Romanians in exile, who have been surveyed by the communist era political police Securitate even in subway stations, considered the compromise as intolerable."
In 2005 Prince Radu sued Marco Houston and Sena Julia Publicatus the publishers of Royalty Magazine. The case arose due to an article that was published in the magazine in 2004. On 15 July 2010, Prince Radu obtained a Statement in Open Court from Marco Houston, editor of Royalty Magazine, acknowledged that all the accusations were untrue, that Prince Radu was never a member or collaborator of the Securitate, and that this should never have been published. The statement also confirmed that the Collegium of the National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives has found Prince Radu did not support in any way the Securitate.
On 1 January 1999, Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Hohenzollern, granted Radu an ad personam title of "Prince of Hohenzollern-Veringen" (Prinz von Hohenzollern-Veringen). In August 2004, representatives of Friedrich Wilhelm's eldest son Karl Friedrich, Hereditary Prince of Hohenzollern, accused Radu of using the Hohenzollern name without permission as well as of having demanded "considerable" sums of money from whoever may be interested in buying it. Karl Friedrich also warned Radu that the Hohenzollern family would take "legal measures" in case these things were to happen again and demanded that he cease to use the title of "Prince of Hohenzollern-Veringen". In a 2009 interview, Karl Friedrich re-iterated these demands and stated that his father has no right to issue titles in a republic, calling Radu's title "of Hohenzollern-Veringen" a "farce." Since then King Michael has severed all ties with the former House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen ordering that all such titles once used were no longer appropriate for use by any member of the Romanian Royal House.
Some sources have contested the legality of Radu's rapid rise in the Romanian Army from a reserve lieutenant (locotenent-major in Romanian) to the rank of active colonel in much less time than that prescribed for ordinary advancements. The former Chief of Army Staff has argued that his activation was done at Radu's own request, while his promotion was granted for "extraordinary" merits, such as Radu's lobby for Romania's admission into NATO. Radu's official response argues, however, that his own activation was not as result of any unilateral request, but of a joint request of both the Royal House and the Defence Ministry.
Between September 2002 and September 2008, Radu maintained an official position as Special Representative of the Romanian Government under two successive administrations, that of the centre-left Partidul Social Democrat (PSD) coalition government as well as that of the centre-right Justice and Truth Alliance coalition government. Meanwhile, the main pro-monarchist party Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNŢCD), which holds no seats in the parliament, has been rejecting any role for him or Princess Margareta in a restored monarchy. In 2003, however, the Cluj branch of PNŢCD officially invited Princess Margareta to be its candidate to the Senate in the upcoming elections. The former president of Romania Traian Băsescu does not appreciate Prince Radu and thinks he is detrimental to the Romanians' public perception of the idea of monarchy. The Romanian historian and avowed monarchist Neagu Djuvara also considers Radu as detrimental, as an "undertaker" to the cause of the Romanian monarchy. On 17 September 2008 Radu resigned his governmental position.
In a 2004 poll conducted by the PSD, of whose coalition government he was at that time the Special Representative, Prince Radu scored just 3.4% as a potential candidate in the upcoming Romanian presidential elections. In a more recent 2006 opinion poll taken by an institute affiliated with the Royal House in running many of its public events and its hospitality management school, 48.80% of those questioned answered that it would be good for Prince Radu to accept a state function, while 46.41% were of the opposite opinion. The same 2006 poll showed that 66% of the Romanians interviewed would like to see a more active involvement of the Royal House in the democratisation and development of Romania. In a 2008 poll, Radu was preferred as president of Romania by 2.6% of the Romanian electorate. In the presence of Princess Margareta, Prince Radu announced his candidacy for the Romanian Presidency in a press conference at the Elisabeta Palace in Bucharest, Romania, on 9 April 2009. Five months later, on 2 September 2009, he retracted his candidacy.
Titles, styles, honours and awards
Prince Radu of Romania
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
The titles mentioned are not based in present Romanian law but in the Statute of the Romanian Royal Family, signed by former King Michael I of Romania on 30 December 2007.
- 7 June 1960 - 1 January 1999: Mr Radu Duda
- 1 January 1999 - 5 January 2005: His Serene Highness Prince Radu of Hohenzollern-Veringen
- 5 January 2005 - 30 December 2007: His Royal Highness Prince Radu of Hohenzollern-Veringen
- 30 December 2007 – Present: His Royal Highness Prince Radu of Romania
- National dynastic honours
- House of Romania: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Carol I
- House of Romania: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- National state honours
- Romania: Medal of the National Order For Merit
- Romania: Colonel badge of the Romanian Armed Forces
- Foreign honours
- Czech Republic: Medal of the Cross of Merit of the Ministry of Defence
- Sweden: Recipient of the 70th Birthday Badge Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf
- Laissez-passer (2002) .... Andrejew
- Ciocârlia (2002) (TV) ....
- Capitaine Conan (1996) .... Insp. Stefanesco
- Personal webpage
- An article about Radu Duda signed by a former US Ambassador, Voice of America director, and member of the U.S. delegation to the annual US-USSR Information Talks in Moscow and Washington, D.C., well-informed about ex-communist countries, Richard Carlson.
- An article about Radu Duda's title and political activity.
- Radu Duda at the Internet Movie Database
- “Radu Duda’s title of Hohenzollern is a farce”, Nine O'Clock, 12 June 2009
- (Romanian) "Karl Friedrich of Hohenzollern: „Radu Duda's Hohenzollern title is a farce“, Cotidianul, 10 June 2009
- (Romanian) "The Actor Duda in The Role of A Lifetime: Prince Consort of Romania," Cotidianul, 3 January 2008
- 2005 "Income Statement," filled out in Romanian by Hohenzollern Veringen Duda, Radu Archived 8 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- 2005 "Interest Statement," filled out in Romanian by Hohenzollern Veringen Duda, Radu Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- (Romanian) "Income Statement", Prime-Minister's Chancellery Website as of 14 July 2006
- (Romanian) "Public Letter to The SRI Director", Romanian Imprisonment Watch, Visby, Sweden, 17 September 2004
- (Romanian) Prince Radu: There is no presidential candidate named Hohenzollern, Cotidianul, 11 June 2009
- Fundamental Rules of the Royal Family of Romania Archived 21 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine., The Romanian Royal Family website as retrieved on 8 January 2007
- (Romanian) Prince Radu, Prince Radu's website as of 12 September 2008
- (Romanian) "10 May – Sad Destiny, Memorable Date", Dilema Veche, 12 May 2006
- (Romanian) "The Prime Minister proposed Radu Duda a seat as a Senator of the Democrat Social Party (ruling party in Romania)" dated 6 August 2004 from MEDIAFAX AGENCY
- Passed House Resolution R. In.gov. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- HKS Executive Education. Ksgexecprogram.harvard.edu. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- Prince Radu next to the Roma leader and parliamentarian Mǎdǎlin Voicu and EU representative Jonathan Scheele at a piano concert, 15 May 2006 (foto). Foto.rompres.ro (15 May 2006). Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- (Romanian) Prince Radu and the Roma leader Mǎdǎlin Voicu at a conference about ethnic minorities, 27 January 2006
- Prince Radu on his lectures about the Roma minority in "When Royalty Meets Diplomacy", Prague Magazine, February 2005 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "The Roma Minority in Romania and in South-Eastern Europe", by HSH Radu, Prince of Hohenzollern-Veringen, Chatham House, 5 June 2003 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Annual Report 2005", Prince Radu website, as of 6 December 2006 Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Prince Radu Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- (Italian) Balcani Cooperazione. Balcanicooperazione.it. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- Comunicati stampa – Università degli Studi di Catania. Unict.it (20 September 2006). Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- cstampa – moduli – Provincia Regionale di Catania[dead link]
- Comune di Catania Archived 8 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
- Stiri pe scurt: ZIUA
- * Inform *. Mclink.it. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- http://www.consiglio.regione.toscana.it/news-ed-eventi/Comunicati-stampa/comunicato/testo_comunicato.asp?id=6856. Retrieved 3 December 2006. Missing or empty
- Prince Radu Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Prince stops in South Bend. South Bend Tribune (26 December 1991). Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- (Romanian) "Radu of Hohenzollern-Veringen: To Be Means To Be Recognized", Observator Plus, 26 July 2004
- "Blair hit by Saudi 'bribery' threat," The Sunday Times, 19 November 2006
- "Bribery inquiry may force £7m refund to Romania," The Guardian, 15 June 2006. Guardian. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- (Romanian) "Mulberry Juice", Gandul, 21 June 2006
- (Romanian) "BAE Royal Sponsor", Gardianul, 16 June 2006
- (Romanian) "Prince Duda, Classmate at The National Defence University with The Signer of The BAE Contract", Gardianul, 17 June 2006
- (Romanian) "Troubles at The Castle", Banateanul, 3 May 2006
- "Romania's Holocaust Progress in Serious Question" by Richard Carlson and Richard Gooding, Front Page Magazine, 28 January 2005. Frontpagemag.com. Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- "Securitate Ghosts Haunt Romanian Politics," Balkan Insight, 30 June 2006
- "A Romanian Looks at Her Secret File (Why Few Do)," London Daily Telegraph, 2 December 2004
- "007 News," AXIS INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS, 3 January 2007 Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Having or Not Having Collaborated with the Securitate" Radio Romania International, 4.06.2007
- (Romanian) "Franck: A Securitate Man in The Royal House", Adevarul, 13 October 2006
- "Eurasian Secret Services Daily Review," AXIS INFORMATION AND ANALYSIS, 16.10.2006 Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- La Roumanie dans l'Engrenage. Nicolette Franck. Paris and Brussels: Elsevier Sequoia, 1977, 269 pp. – review by Foreign Affairs, April 1978. Foreignaffairs.org (1 April 1978). Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- (Romanian) "Prince Radu Caught in the Files Grinder", Adevărul, 1 September 2006
- (Romanian) "Prince Radu: I Have Begun Legal Procedures To Prove I Was Not An Informer", Adevărul, 2 September 2006
- (Romanian) "Radu Duda, The Prince in The Government", Evenimentul Zilei, 28 January 2004
- (Romanian) "Prince Radu on The List of Secu' Supporters", Cotidianul, 2 September 2006
- (Romanian) "How Secu informed Iliescu", Evenimentul Zilei, 16 February 2007
- "The King and The Jester", Evenimentul Zilei, 18 December 2003. Evz.ro (22 December 1989). Retrieved on 29 November 2011.
- Statement in Open Court[permanent dead link], submitted by Marco Houston, solicitor Guy Davis representing Houston in the High Court of London, 16 July 2010.
- The Prime Minister proposed Radu Duda a seat as a Senator of the Democrat Social Party (ruling party in Romania), Mediafax news agency, 6 August 2004
- (Romanian) "The Fascinating Military Rise of Prince Hohenzollern Duda", Cotidianul, 11 November 2006
- (Romanian) "Penalties and Self-penalties", Cronica Romana, 11 November 2006
- (Romanian) "PNŢCD Plans The Restoration of Monarchy through Prince Nicholas", Ziua, 1 March 2002
- (Romanian) "PNŢCD Is Looking for A King", Evenimentul Zilei, 1 March 2002
- (Romanian) "Princess Margareta Invited to Run for Office", Ziarul Financiar, 24 July 2003
- (Romanian) "The Princess in The Senate", Evenimentul Zilei, 25 July 2003
- "The President is afraid of the Royal House!", Jurnalul National, 13 May 2008
- (Romanian) "In two years, Basescu and Iliescu jumped from love to hatred", Gândul, 15 May 2007
- (Romanian) "Basescu said Iliescu knew he would be accused of genocide", Cotidianul, 15 May 2007
- (Romanian) "Monarchy – Between Courage and Cowardness. Opinion Poll by Ziare.com", as retrieved on 8 December 2010
- SDP Trails its Leader With 7% of the Votes, Jurnalul National, 18 August 2004
- Romanians' view on monarchy, Ziua, 4 May 2006
- (Romanian) The Royal House launched the program "Romanian – A 30 year vision", Foreign Affairs Ministry website, as of 3 November 2007
- (Romanian) The Elisabeth Palace soirees from 2002 until today, the website of Prince Radu, as of 4 March 2008
- (Romanian) A prestigious presence in Bucharest – Ecole hôtelière de Lausanne (EHL) – Switzerland, Irecson website, retrieved on 4 March 2008
- (Romanian) Poll: Basescu remains on the first position in the electorate's preferences, Adevarul, 20 February 2008
- Romania Revealed: Prince Radu is running for President
- (Romanian) "The state of things today", princeradublog.ro, 2 September 2009
- (Romanian) "Teoctist, God's politician", Evenimentul Zilei, 5 September 2005
- Royal Family of Romania
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- Royal Family of Romania