Prince's Park, Liverpool
|Location||Liverpool, England, UK|
|Area||111.197 acres (450,000 m2)|
|Operated by||Liverpool City Council|
|Status||Open all year|
Prince's Park[a] in Toxteth, Liverpool, England, is a 45 ha (110 acres) municipal park, 2 mi (3.2 km) south east of Liverpool city centre. In 2009, its status was upgraded to a Grade II* Historic Park by English Heritage.
The park was originally a private development (though open to the public) by Richard Vaughan Yates,[b] the cost of which was expected to be met through the development of grand Georgian-style housing around the park.
Prince's Park was designed by Joseph Paxton and James Pennethorne, opened in 1842 and named for the newborn Edward, Prince of Wales. The plan was drawn by John Robertson and Edward Milner supervised the work. Construction was completed in 1843. The original gates can still be seen. With its serpentine lake and a circular carriage drive, the park set a style which was to be widely emulated in Victorian urban development, most notably by Paxton himself on a larger scale at Birkenhead Park. Prince's Park also influenced its near neighbour, Sefton Park.
Richard Yates gave the park to the city in 1849. In the August of the same year, the park was used for a fair, which was well-attended and raised money for local hospitals. The event included various marquees and a hot air balloon flight. A lithograph exists, which documents this event.
An obelisk and former drinking fountain in the park bears the inscription:
- To the memory of Richard Vaughan Yates
- The enlightened & philanthropic founder of Princes Park [sic]
- Erected by public subscription 1858
During his time in Liverpool, James Martineau had a house in the park. Around 1863, the housing in the vicinity of the park contained the home of the parents of Edward Gordon Duff. Immediately prior to World War I, the headquarters of the 6th Rifle Battalion were based at Prince's Park Barracks. In 1918 the park was acquired by Liverpool City Council, becoming a fully public park.
Within the park is also a gravestone, dated 1926, in memory of a donkey called Judy who gave "21 years of service", providing rides for children in the park. The Doric Lodge, which was situated by the Sunburst Gates at the main entrance, was destroyed by bombs in 1940.
There is a lake in the middle of the park, originally for boating, which is used today by fishermen. The foundations of its formerly Grade II listed boathouse, which may have been built by John Robertson and which burnt down in the early 1990s, can still be seen at the south end.
Grade II* historic park
In 2009 the park had it status upgraded to a Grade II* Historic Park by English Heritage, making it one of three such parks in the city, along with Sefton Park and Anfield Cemetery. English Heritage gave four reasons for upgrading the park's status. These were that it was the first major park created by Paxton, and that it inspired other designers, who incorporated elements of the park in other urban parks throughout the United Kingdom. In addition, the original look of the park is still intact and it is also an important example of a green haven in a city setting.
Prince's Park currently hosts a free, weekly, timed 5 km (3.1 mi) running event as part of the parkrun organisation. It regularly attracts over 300 runners from the local area who enjoy running the course, taking in the whole park.
- Sharples & Pollard 2004, p. 276
- "Great Britain: OS Six Inch, 1888-1913". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "John Ashton Yates: Profile & Legacies Summary". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. UCL Department of History 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
- "Prince's Park and Sefton Park". AllertonOak. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Tate 2015, p. 144
- "National Library of Wales journal - Cyf. 20, rh. 3 Haf 1978 Richard Vaughan Yates 1785-1856 : traveller in Wales". The National Library of Wales. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- "The fancy fair, Prince's Park, Liverpool, August, 1849". Library of Congress. Liverpool: John R. Isaac. 1849. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- "The fancy fair, Prince's Park, Liverpool, August 1849". Library of Congress. Liverpool: John R. Isaac. 1849. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Jevons 1985, p. 106
- "Duff, Edward Gordon (1863-1924), bibliographer". Oxford Index. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Wyrall 2012, p. 72
- Lane 1997, p. 43
- Pevsner 1969, p. 233
- "parkrun (Princes Park)". Retrieved 2015-02-20.
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- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1969). South Lancashire. The Buildings of England. Penguin. ISBN 9780140710366. OCLC 59158504.
- Sharples, Joseph; Pollard, Richard (2004). Liverpool. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300102581. OCLC 53360573.
- Tate, Alan (2015). Great City Parks. Routledge. ISBN 9780415538053. OCLC 880122364.
- Wyrall, Everard (2012). The history of the King's Regiment (Liverpool) 1914-1919. I, 1914-1915. Edward Arnold & Co. ISBN 9781781507933. OCLC 820486027.
- "Supplement to the London Gazette" (PDF). The Gazette. December 31, 1884. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
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