Prostitution in the Gambia

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Prostitution in the Gambia is widespread but illegal.[1][2][3] Most of the estimated 3,100[4] prostitutes in the Gambia are from Senegal.[5] Prostitution takes place on the beach, in bars and hotels on the coast.[6] Away from the coast, prostitution mainly takes place in bars.[5] The bars are frequently raided and the foreign prostitutes deported. They often return within a few days.[5]

The HIV infection rate for prostitutes is high.[7]

Sex tourism[edit]

Gambia is a popular destination for sex tourism.[8][5][9][10][11][12][13] One of the most popular areas is the "Senegambia strip", the coastal area around Kololi, and is often arranged through local "bumsters".[6]

Sex tourism in the Gambia attract western female tourists eager for sex with younger men.[6][14]

The Gambian Tourist Board plans to change the face of tourism in the country and encourage tourism for wildlife and heritage rather than sex.[6]

Child prostitution[edit]

Child prostitution is a problem in the Gambia. The Gambian government is taking an active stance against it.[13] Many young people turn to the sex trade due to poverty.[15][16][17]

The Gambia ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on 3 August 1990, and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in September 2000, which mandates the government to protect children from sexual child abuse. The main legislation is the Tourism Offences Act, 2003, which is describes a child as anyone under eighteen, even though the legal age of consent is sixteen years. The Tourism Act means that anyone employed in the tourism industry is committing a crime if s/he offers sexual favours to customers for money. The punishment is a fine, imprisonment of a maximum of two years and disqualification from tourism related work for ten years. The law states that hotel operators can face a fine and five years in prison if they knowingly allow child prostitution on their property.[9][18]

Child prostitution is particularly prevalent around the Tourist Development Area, as well as in Kololi, Senegambia and Pipeline.[19][20][21][22][23]

Some girls are sent to be prostitutes by their parents to support their families.[24][25][26]

Within The Gambia, girls and, to a lesser extent, boys are subjected to sex trafficking. Children from West African countries, mainly Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana, Nigeria, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and Benin. are recruited for commercial sexual exploitation in The Gambia. The majority of these victims are subjected to sexual exploitation by child sex tourists, primarily from Britain, Germany, Scandinavia, the Netherlands and Canada. In recent years, sex traffickers are increasingly hosting child sex tourists in private residences outside the commercial tourist areas of Banjul, making the crime harder for law enforcement to detect. Traffickers have allegedly exploited Sierra Leonean boys and girls as “cultural dancers” in The Gambia. Observers believe organised sex trafficking networks use European and Gambian travel agencies to promote child sex tourism.[26]

Sex trafficking[edit]

The Gambia is a Tier 2 Watch List country for Human trafficking according to the US Department of State.[27] The Gambian 2007 Trafficking Act prohibits trafficking and those convicted can be sentenced to prison for up to 50 years.[26]

The Gambia is a source and destination country for women and children subjected to sex trafficking. Within The Gambia, women, girls, and—to a lesser extent—boys are subjected to sex trafficking. Women and children from West African countries—mainly Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana, Nigeria, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and Benin—are recruited for commercial sexual exploitation in The Gambia.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gambia: A Call for Eradication of Sex Tourism". Allafrica.com. 11 February 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2017 – via AllAfrica.
  2. ^ "Gambia, The". State.gov. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ Sherwood, Harriet (29 January 2016). "Happy hour and drinks are still flowing in the Gambia, the newest Islamic state". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Sex workers: Population size estimate - Number, 2016". www.aidsinfoonline.org. UNAIDS. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d "Prostitutes And Their Clients: A Gambian Survey". CiteSeerX 10.1.1.636.4058.
  6. ^ a b c d Haines, Gavin (24 May 2017). "How Gambia plans to shed its sleazy reputation". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  7. ^ Pickering, H.; Todd, J.; Dunn, D.; Pepin, J.; Wilkins, A. (1 January 1992). "Prostitutes and their clients: a Gambian survey". Soc Sci Med. 34 (1): 75–88. doi:10.1016/0277-9536(92)90069-3. PMID 1738859.
  8. ^ Kingston, Sarah (15 October 2013). Prostitution in the Community: Attitudes, Action and Resistance. Routledge. ISBN 9781134664740. Retrieved 14 March 2017 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ a b "Don't Look Away" (PDF). Ecpat.org. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
  10. ^ "Gambia retrains 'bumsters' to shake sex tourism tag". Namibian.com.na. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  11. ^ Emms, Craig; Barnett, Linda; Human, Richard (1 January 2006). The Gambia. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 9781841621371. Retrieved 14 March 2017 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ "Bachelor Thesis". Diva-portal.org. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
  13. ^ a b "Inspired to Take a Stance Against Child Sex Tourism". Daily News from Gambia. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Gambia Sexual Tourism Economy" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-03-14.
  15. ^ Smith, Oliver (22 April 2011). "Gambia: An eye-opening introduction to Africa". Retrieved 1 October 2017 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  16. ^ "Gambia ...the Smiling Coast!" (PDF). Gbos.gov.gm. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
  17. ^ "Workshop on Sex Tourism". Daily News from Gambia. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Legislation against child sex tourism" (PDF). Unwto.org. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
  19. ^ "Independent Appeal: Breaking the silence of Gambia's sex tourism". Independent.co.uk. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  20. ^ "Microsoft Word - SES Final CoverBranded rev2.doc" (PDF). Childtrafficking.com. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
  21. ^ Smith, Alex Duval (3 July 2004). "European paedophiles flock to Gambian 'Smiling Coast'". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017 – via The Guardian.
  22. ^ "Rising poverty breeds sexual exploitation of children by Sugar Daddies". Irinews.org. 6 May 2004. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  23. ^ "Child sex tourism and exploitation increasing in The Gambia". Unicef.org. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  24. ^ Saine, Abdoulaye (1 January 2012). Culture and Customs of Gambia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313359101. Retrieved 14 March 2017 – via Google Books.
  25. ^ "Prostitution – eller vägen ut ur fattigdom? - Verkligheten i P3". Sverigesradio.se. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  26. ^ a b c d "The Gambia 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report". US Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  27. ^ "Gambia, The 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 8 January 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2018.