Prunus alleghaniensis

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Prunus alleghaniensis
Prunus alleghaniensis drawing.png
1913 illustration[1]

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Prunoideae
Genus: Prunus
Species: P. alleghaniensis
Binomial name
Prunus alleghaniensis
Porter 1877

Prunus alleghaniensis, the Allegheny plum,[2] is a species of New World plum, native to the Appalachian Mountains from New York to Kentucky and North Carolina, plus the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. There are old reports of it growing also in New Jersey and Connecticut, but it now appears to have been extirpated in those two states.[3][4][5][6]


Prunus alleghaniensis is a shrub or small tree 3-12 feet (90-360 cm) tall. The leaves of are two to three and a half inches (5.0-8.8 cm) long, the tip is usually long and pointed. The leaf margins are finely toothed. The twigs sometimes have thorns. The bark is fissured in older specimens. The flowers are plentiful and white, eventually turning pink. The dark reddish purple fruit is half an inch (13 mm) wide, with a whitish bloom.[7]


Prunus alleghaniensis is not common in moist woodlands. It is typically found in elevations between 1200 and 2000 feet (360-600 meters).


  1. ^ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 324.
  2. ^ "Prunus alleghaniensis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "ITIS Standard Report Page: Prunus alleghaniensis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "Prunus alleghaniensis". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  6. ^ Kershner, Mathews, Nelson & Spellenburg, "Field Guide to Trees of North America", (Sterling Publishing Co, New York, New York, 2008), p. 344-345, accessed the 18th of December, 2010
  7. ^ Porter, Thomas Conrad 1877. Botanical Gazette 2(5): 85

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