Prunus hortulana

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Prunus hortulana
Prunus hortulana BB-1913.png
1913 illustration[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Prunus
Section: Prunus sect. Prunocerasus
P. hortulana
Binomial name
Prunus hortulana

Prunus hortulana, called the hortulan plum[3] and wild goose plum,[3] is a fruit shrub in the rose family found in the central United States in: Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia.[3][4] Populations east of the Appalachians probably represent naturalizations.[5]

Prunus hortulana is a deciduous tree with a trunk diameter of up to 15 centimetres (5.9 in) and an overall height of 6 metres (20 ft) or more. Leaves are green and hairless on the top but hairy on the underside. White flowers in clusters of 2-4 appear in the Spring. Fruits are red or yellow drupes with white dots, reportedly sweet and pleasant-tasting. The species grows in upland forests and near streams.[6][7][8]

There are several domesticated cultivars and hybrids with other Prunus.[9]


  1. ^ illustration from Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 324
  2. ^ "Prunus hortulana L.H.Bailey". The Plant List. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Prunus hortulana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  4. ^ "Prunus hortulana L. H. Bailey". Catalogue of Life. October 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  6. ^ "Prunus hortulana Bailey". Oklahoma Biological Survey. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  7. ^ Flora of North America, Prunus hortulana L. H. Bailey, 1892. Hortulan or wild goose plum
  8. ^ Bailey, Liberty Hyde 1892. Garden & Forest 5(209): 90
  9. ^ Wight, William Franklin (April 2, 1915). Native American Species of Prunus. Washington, D. C.: United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved January 22, 2014.

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