Prunus mexicana

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Prunus mexicana
Prunus mexicana-fruits-leaves.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus[1]
Species: P. mexicana
Binomial name
Prunus mexicana
S.Watson 1882[2]
Prunus mexicana range map 1.png
Natural range of Prunus mexicana
  • Prunus lanata (Sudw.) Mack. & Bush
  • Prunus mexicana var. fultonensis (Sarg.) Sarg.
  • Prunus mexicana var. polyandra (Sarg.) Sarg.
  • Prunus pensylvanica var. mollis (Douglas ex Hook.) B.Boivin
  • Prunus americana var. lanata Sudw.

Prunus mexicana, commonly known as the Mexican plum,[2] is a North American species of plum tree that can be found in the central United States and Northern Mexico. Its native range stretches from Coahuila and San Luis Potosí north as far as Wisconsin and South Dakota, east to Georgia, Kentucky, and Ohio.[2][4] Mexican Plum is widely cultivated, such as on the west coast of the United States.

Prunus mexicana is usually found on woodland edges or in open fields. It has a single trunk and reaches a height of 15–38 feet (4.6–11.6 m). It has dark green, simple ovate leaves, fragrant white or pale pink flowers, and dark grey bark banded with horizontal lenticels. Mexican Plums are adaptable to a wide range of soil pH and are drought-tolerant. They are hardy in USDA zones 7 to 9.[5] Early in the spring it is covered with clouds of white fragrant flowers that are up to an inch wide. The dark red or purple fruit ripens late in the fall.[6][7]


  1. ^ Shaw and Small "Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phhylogeography of the North American Plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae)" Am. J. of Bot. 92(12): 2011-2030. 2005
  2. ^ a b c "Prunus mexicana S. Watson". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-08-28. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  3. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved January 27, 2014. 
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  5. ^ Arnold, M. (2002). Landscape Plants for Texas and Environs. Stipes. ISBN 1-58874-153-2.
  6. ^ "Mexican Plum, Big Tree Plum, Inch Plum". Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ Flora of North America, Prunus mexicana S. Watson, 1882. Mexican or bigtree plum

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