Psychotria mariniana

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Psychotria mariniana
Starr 020925-0087 Psychotria mariniana.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Psychotria
Species: P. mariniana
Binomial name
Psychotria mariniana
(Cham. & Schltdl.) Fosberg[1]
  • Coffea mariniana Cham. & Schltdl.

Psychotria mariniana, the forest wild coffee[2] or kōpiko, is a tree endemic to Hawaiʻi. The plant belongs to the Rubiaceae (coffee) family, subfamily Rubioidae. It is a tree of varying size with a dark bark, shiny leaves, and orange oval fruit.

A distinctive line of glands along the bottom of the central vein of each leaf connects this plant to the Hawaiian word for it, since piko means navel (in Hawaiian). The word kōpiko applies to all the Hawaiian plants in the genus Psychotria.


  1. ^ "Psychotria mariniana (Cham. & Schlecht.) Fosberg". ITIS Standard Reports. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2009-03-14. 
  2. ^ "Psychotria mariniana". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 

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